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  1. Challenges of Sustainable Use of Marine Resources in ASEAN Nazir Foead Conservation Director, WWF Indonesia Roundtable for ASEAN Chief Justices on Environment 5-7 December 2011, Mandarin Oriental Hotel, Jakarta, Indonesia

  2. The Coral Triangle Nearly 6 million km2, spanning: Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Timor L’Este Biodiversity: 75% of global coral reef, over 3000 species of reef fish Economy: Tuna from CT traded worth $1.5 billion and coral reef related fishery $2.2 billion annually, food sources for 120 million people in the region and 36% protein dietary Linked by market and migratory routes: Australia, China, Europe, Hong Kong, Japan, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Singapore, USA, …

  3. Growing Live Reef Fish Trade 1970s China 1980s HongKong Bangladesh 1990s Myanmar Thailand Philippines Marshall Is. Palau Sri Lanka Malaysia Maldives Kiribati Seychelles Solomon Is. Indonesia PapuaNewGuinea Fiji Australia Following Sadovy & Vincent 2002

  4. Beyond National Jurisdiction: A case of leather back turtle

  5. Challenges • Increasing demand of seafood • Fishermen livelihood remains low • ‘Uncoordinated’ policies (between local and national governments, among states, e.g. UN Fish Stocks Agreement) • IUU (estimated at $1.4 billion in Indonesia annually) in EEZ, high seas • Overexploitation • Weak MCS • Law enforcement • Ecosystem disintegration/ destruction

  6. “Lacey Act” Model in ASEAN • The law recognizes the illegal terms regulated by foreign law that protects the species • It applies to import, export, transport, sell, receive, acquire or purchase activities. • The law prohibited the trade and transportation of illegally captured or protected species across states and countries

  7. Building common interests in the region • IUU and overexploitation endanger food security and economic development, it happens in most ASEAN countries either involving domestic or foreign vessels • Fish stocks have to be seen as “common properties” which need to be regulated and used mutually in the region • Strong coordination among ASEAN states will increase leverage to influence the international market and policies