Grammar Unit. Prepositions. Let’s Review . . . The preposition is the sixth of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight: Noun Pronoun Adjective Verb Adverb Preposition Conjunction Interjection. First, let's start with a basic definition: .
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The preposition is the sixth of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight:
Prepositions show relationships between nouns or pronouns and other words in a sentence.
Flip your notes over or cover them - test yourself.
Write down as many prepositions as you can.
How did you do?
By what method might we more easily remember prepositions?
Prepositional phrases generally contain the preposition and an object of the preposition.
Objects of the prepositionMUST be nouns.
Here are some examples:
(in, preposition and bed, noun)
(to, preposition and Texas, noun)
The noun may have modifiers.
In the big bed
(in, preposition / the, article / big, adjective / bed, noun)
(to, preposition / the, article/ grocery, adjective / store, noun)
Subjects and verbs can
NEVER be found in prepositional phrases.
It is a good habit to learn to spot prepositional phases.
Use ((parentheses)) to mark them;
That way when you are looking for the
subject and verb of the sentence,
it will narrow down the search.
The boy by the window on the other side of the room was looking over his shoulder at the pretty girl in the hall.
The boy (by the window) (on the other side) (of the room) was looking (over his shoulder) (at the pretty girl) (in the hall.)
Once the prepositional phrases are eliminated, "The boy was looking" is left.
When we studied adjectives, you learned that "the" is an article. The word "boy" is left.
You have learned that "boy" is a noun.
"Was looking" is the verb.
Therefore, "boy" is the subject and "was looking" is the verb.
Find a partner in your group and get ready to figure out the prepositional phrases in sentences.
Identify the preposition(s) in each sentence.
Be prepared to share with the class!
When "to" is used with a noun, it is a preposition;
but when it is used with a verb, it is an infinitive.
Be careful to recognize the difference.
To bed to plus noun = preposition
To sleep to plus verb = infinitive
You will have a preposition quiz. Please take this time to look over your notes.
List the prepositions in the following sentences.
Get the grammar handout and complete all parts!
Due Tomorrow at the beginning of class.