1 / 22

Alternative Energy

Alternative Energy. Alternative Energy. Alternative energy describes energy that does not come from fossil fuels and that is still in development. Future viability? the source must be proven to be cost effective (not spending more to put in energy compared to the energy you get out of it)

Download Presentation

Alternative Energy

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Alternative Energy

  2. Alternative Energy • Alternative energydescribes energy that does not come from fossil fuels and that is still in development. • Future viability? • the source must be proven to be cost effective (not spending more to put in energy compared to the energy you get out of it) • the environmental effects of using the energy source must be acceptable.

  3. Tidal Power • A tidal power plant works much like a hydroelectric dam. • As the tide rises, water enters a bay behind a dam. The gate then closes at high tide. • At low tide, the gate opens and the water in the bay rushes through, spinning a turbine that generates electricity.

  4. Tidal Power

  5. Tidal Energy • Advantage: renewable and nonpolluting. • Disadvantage: High cost of building and maintaining tidal power plants and there are few suitable locations. • NOT REALLY A FUTURE OPTION RIGHT NOW!

  6. Ocean Thermal Energy Conservation • Ocean thermal energy conservation (OTEC) is the use of temperature differences in ocean water to produce electricity.

  7. Ocean Thermal Energy Conservation • An OTEC plant produces energy using the following steps • Warm surface water is boiled in a vacuum chamber. • This produces a steam that drives a turbine to generate electricity. • Cold deep-ocean water will condense the steam. • The steam turns into water that can be used again.

  8. Ocean Thermal Energy Conservation

  9. Ocean Thermal Energy Conservation • Advantage: Renewable • Disadvantage: • not cost effective – 1/3 of the electricity produced is used to pump the cold water. • The environmental impacts of pumping from the deep ocean are unknown.

  10. Hydrogen-A Future Fuel Source? • Advantages: • No Carbon • Doesn’t release pollutants • When burned – combines with oxygen to produce water vapor

  11. Hydrogen-A Future Fuel Source? • More Advantages • Hydrogen gas (H2) can be produced by using electricity to split molecules of water (H2O). • Hydrogen fuel can be made from any material that contains a lot of hydrogen.

  12. The Challenge of Hydrogen Fuel • Disadvantage: • hydrogen takes a lot of energy to produce. • Options • One alternative is to use electricity from solar cells or wind power to split water molecules to produce hydrogen. • Hydrogen could then be stored in pressurized tanks and transported in gas pipelines. • Or hydrogen might not be stored at all-it might be used as it is produced, in fuel cells.

  13. Fuel Cells • fuel cell - device that produces electricity chemically by combining hydrogen fuel with oxygen from the air. • electrical energy is produced and water is the only byproduct. • Fuel cells can be fueled by anything that contains plenty of hydrogen, including natural gas, alcohol, or even gasoline.

  14. Fuel Cells

  15. Energy Efficiency • There are two main ways to reduce energy use: • lifestyle changes • increases in energy efficiency • Energy efficiency is the percentage of energy put into a system that does useful work. • Energy efficiency can be determined by this equation: energy efficiency (in %) = energy out/energy in  100

  16. Efficient Transportation • The internal combustion engines that power most vehicles do so inefficiently and produce air pollution. • In the next 50 years, the design of these engines may change radically to meet the need for more efficient transportation. • Taking public transporation also increases efficiency.

  17. Hybrid Cars • Hybrid cars are examples of energy-efficient vehicles. • Hybrid cars use small, efficient gasoline engines most of the time, but they also use electric motors when extra power is needed, such as while accelerating. • Hybrid cars do not cost much more than conventional vehicles, they cost less to refuel, and they produce less harmful emissions.

  18. Hybrid Cars

  19. Hybrid Cars • Hybrid cars feature many efficient technologies. • They convert some energy of braking into electricity and store this energy in the battery. • The gasoline engine is sometimes shut off to save fuel, such as when the car is stopped at a red light. • They are aerodynamic in design and need less energy to accelerate.

  20. Energy Conservation • Energy conservation is the process of saving energy by reducing energy use and waste. • This can occur in many ways, including using energy-efficient devices and wasting less energy. • Between 1975 and 1985, conservation made more energy available in the United States than all alternative energy sources combined did.

  21. Conservation Around the Home • The average household in the U.S. spends more than $1,200 on energy bills each year. • Unfortunately, much of the energy from homes is lost through poorly insulated windows, doors, walls, and the roof. • There are dozens of ways to reduce energy use around the home. (see next slide) • Using less of any resource also translates into saving energy.

  22. Conservation Around the Home

More Related