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Robert Boyle

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  1. Robert Boyle Sean Williams

  2. introduction • 25 January 1627 – 31 December 1691) was a natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor, also noted for his writings in theology. He is best known for Boyle's law.[1] Although his research and personal philosophy clearly has its roots in the alchemical tradition, he is largely regarded today as the first modern chemist, and therefore one of the founders of modern chemistry. Among his works, The Skeptical Chemist is seen as a cornerstone book in the field of chemistry.

  3. Birth certificate • Born 25 January 1627 • Born at County Waterford, Ireland • His father was Richard Boyle • Robert's mother, Catherine Fenton,

  4. Diary entry Dear diary today I learned how to multiply Double digits and divide double digits also I have decided to become a scientist

  5. Newspaper article I share Arnett Smiley's optimistic appraisal for the future of ammonia as a partial replacement for refrigerants being phased out (The News, Dec. 12, 1994). After some 120 years of field experience, the advantages and disadvantages of ammonia are well understood and have been described by Smiley and others in recent articles. Prior to the United States' adherence to the Montreal Protocol, the American refrigeration industry was conducted in a free market environment with minimal governmental interference. Driven by traditional market factors such as cost, reliability, and safety, each refrigerant and compressor design carved out a market niche over a period of time. Ammonia and the reciprocating compressor dominated the large-tonnage warehouse and industrial market while the chlorine-containing refrigerants took the rest. This situation was altered when the Environmental Protection Agency, acting under the provisions of the Clean Air Act and the Montreal Protocol, promulgated governmental regulations regarding refrigerants and service procedures. Traditional market factors were no longer controlling, having been superseded by governmental fiat and environmental concerns. Ammonia's advantages In this new market situation, ammonia, the oldest of refrigerants, possesses a number of attributes which may enable it to penetrate markets previously dominated by chlorine-containing refrigerants. 1. Ammonia avoids the political and environmental pressures generated …

  6. Timeline Robert Boyle Events in British historyThe Scientific Revolution 1625: Accession of Charles I 1627: 25 Jan. Born at Lismore, Ireland, seventh son of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, by his second wife, Catherine 1626: Death of Francis Bacon, who inspired Boyle's scientific method. 1628: William Harvey publishes his discovery of the circulation of the blood1635, 2 Oct: Enters Eton College with his brother, Francis, later Viscount Shannon     1636: Ship Money case 1638, 23 Nov: Leaves Eton College 1638: Publication of Galileo's Discourses on Two New Sciences1639: Travels to France and Switzerland with Francis, under the tutelage of Isaac Marcombes; spends several months in Geneva  1641: Travels to Italy  1642: Stranded at Marseilles; returns to Geneva1642: Outbreak of Civil War1642 : Death of Galileo; birth of Newton1644: Returns to England 1644 : Publication of Descartes' Principia philosophiae, the fullest exposition of the mechanical philosophy1645: Settles at Stalbridge, Dorset, where he spends much of the next decade1645: End of 1st Civil War  1649: laboratory established at Stalbridge 1648-9: 2nd Civil War 1649, Jan: Execution of Charles I  1651: Publication of Hobbes' Leviathan seen by many as a threat to Christianity 1652-4: Visits Ireland    1653: Establishment of Protectorate  1654: Severe illness in Ireland, affecting Boyle's eyesight  Late 1655 or early 1656: Settles at Oxford  1656-7: Blood transfusion experiments at Oxford1657: Otto von Guericke's vacuum experiment 1658: Death of Oliver Cromwell   1659: First executes experiments with air-pump  1660 : 28 Nov. Attends inaugural meeting of Royal Society1660: Restoration of Charles II1660: Foundation of Royal Society1662, 7 Feb: Appointed first Governor of the Corporation for Propagation of the Gospel in New England    1665: Great Plague1665: Publication of Robert Hooke's Micrographia, in which he revealed the findings of the microscope and discussed many natural phenomena 1666: Fire of London1666: Foundation of Académie des Sciences1668: Settles in London, living for the rest of his life with Lady Ranelagh in Pall Mall.  1670: Suffers severe stroke.  1680: 18 Dec. Declines presidency of the Royal Society1678-81: Popish Plot and Exclusion Crisis   1685: Death of Charles II; accession of James II 1687: Publication of Newton's Principia1689, 22 Aug: Resigns Governorship of Corporation for Propagation of the Gospel in New England 1688-9: Glorious Revolution   1691, 18 July: Will signed and sealed23 Dec: Lady Ranelagh dies. 31 Dec: Boyle dies.  1692, 7 Jan: Buried at St Martin's in the Fields. Burnet's funeral sermon delivered 1692: Richard Bentley gives first Boyle Lectures, in which science was used to defend religion

  7. Quote  And I might add the confidence with which distracted persons do oftentimes, when they are awake, think, they see black fiends in places, where there is no black object in sight without them. Robert Boyle

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  9. Awards • Founding Fellow of the Royal Society of LondonAuthor: New Experiments Physio-Mechanicall, Touching the Spring of the Air and its Effects (Made, for the Most Part, in a New Pneumatical Engine)[ (1660) Author: The Sceptical Chymist (1661

  10. Museums and where they are • LONDON: • The Science Museum The Royal Society of London