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The Cell

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  1. The Cell

  2. Cell membrane Cytoplasm Cell membrane Cytoplasm Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Prokaryotic v. Eukaryotic Cells Section 7-1 Prokaryotic Cell Nucleus Eukaryotic Cell Organelles

  3. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Vacuole Ribosome (free) Chloroplast Ribosome (attached) Cell Membrane Nuclear envelope Cell wall Nucleolus Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Rough endoplasmic reticulum Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Plant Cell Section 7-2 Plant Cell

  4. Ribosome (attached) Ribosome (free) Nucleolus Nucleus Cell Membrane Nuclear envelope Mitochondrion Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Rough endoplasmic reticulum Centrioles Golgi apparatus Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Section 7-2 Animal Cell

  5. Cell Wall Chloroplasts Venn Diagrams Section 7-2 Prokaryotes Eukaryotes Nucleus Endoplasmic reticulum Golgi apparatus Lysosomes Vacuoles Mitochondria Cytoskeleton Cell membrane Contain DNA Animal Cells Plant Cells Cell membrane Ribosomes Nucleus Endoplasmic reticulum Golgi apparatus Lysosomes Vacuoles Mitochondria Cytoskeleton Centrioles

  6. Cell membrane Endoplasmic reticulum Microtubule Microfilament Ribosomes Mitochondrion Figure 7-11 Cytoskeleton Section 7-2

  7. Divison of Labor • A cell is made up of many parts with different functions that work together. Similarly, the parts of a factory or a machine work together to carry out different functions and come up with a product. Answer the following questions. • 1. What are some of the different parts of a computer? What are the functions of these computer parts? • 2. How do the functions of these computer parts correspond to the functions of certain cell parts?

  8. Guard station— lets somethings in Keeps some things out Cell Membrane

  9. Wall outside the factory guard gate Protection and strength Cell Wall (plants only)

  10. Generator Creates energy for the factory mitochondria

  11. Packaging, processing Puts wrapper on the candy bar Golgi Apparatus

  12. CEO, central office Directs the factory Contains the recipe Nucleus

  13. Machine makers Place where the assembling machines (ribosomes) are made Nucleolus

  14. Assembling machines Assembles the candy bars, takes them to packaging (golgi) Ribosomes

  15. Inner-factory transport Conveyor belt, transports candybars (proteins) Endoplasmic reticulum

  16. Lysosome

  17. Trashcans- Contains all of the waste Vacuole

  18. Solar panels on the factory Converts sunlight to usable energy for the factory Chloroplast (plants only)