The role of government in the united states economy
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The role of government in the United States economy . How does the United States government promote and regulate competition? . The government promotes and regulates competition. . Ways the government promotes marketplace competition

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The role of government in the united states economy

The role of government in the United States economy

How does the United States government promote and regulate competition?


Role of government

The government promotes and regulates competition.

Ways the government promotes marketplace competition

Enforcing antitrust legislation to discourage the development of monopolies

Engaging in global trade

Supporting business start-ups

Role of Government


Role of government1

Government agencies that regulate business

FCC (Federal Communications Commission)

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)

FTC (Federal Trade Commission)

These agencies oversee the way individuals and companies do business

Role of Government


Role of government2
Role of Government

  • Government provides public goods and services that individuals acting alone could not provide efficiently.

  • Things like roads and transportation, and education are services that the government helps to fund. It would be too expensive for private business to provide these services to the public.


Role of government3

What are public goods and services?

Include such items as interstate highways, postal service, and national defense

Provide benefits to many simultaneously

Would not be available if individuals had to provide them

Role of Government


Role of government4

How do governments produce public goods and services?

Through tax revenue

Through borrowed funds

Role of Government


Role of government5

What is the impact of taxation on the type of things that government can provide to the people?

Government tax increases reduce the funds available for private and business spending; tax decreases increase funds for private and business spending.

Role of Government


Role of the government

How does the money that the government borrows affect economic activity?

Increased government borrowing reduces funds available for borrowing by individuals and businesses; decreased government borrowing increases funds available for borrowing by individuals and businesses.

Role of the Government


Role of the government1

How does government spending affect economic activity? economic activity?

Increased government spending increases demand, which may increase employment and production; decreased spending reduces demand, which may result in a slowing of the economy.

Increased government spending may result in higher taxes; decreased government spending may result in lower taxes.

Role of the Government


Role of the government2

What is the 16 economic activity?th Amendment to the Constitution, and why is it important?

The 16th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America authorizes Congress to tax incomes (personal and business).

This provided more money for the government to fund the projects that it needed to pay for so that the U.S. economy could grow.

Role of the Government


Role of the government3

How does the Federal Reserve System regulates the money supply ?

The Federal Reserve System (Fed) is the central bank of the United States.

Federal Reserve banks act as a banker’s bank by issuing currency and regulating the amount of money in circulation.

Role of the Government


Role of the government4

The Federal Reserve System, acting as the central bank, regulates the money supply.

To slow the economy, the Federal Reserve Bank restricts the money supply, causing interest rates to rise; to stimulate the economy the Fed increases the money supply, causing interest rates to decline.

Role of the Government


Role of the government5

What is the role of the Federal Reserve System in maintaining a stable economy?

Ways the Federal Reserve Bank slows the economy

Increases the reserve requirement

Raises the discount rate

Sells government securities

Role of the Government


Role of the government6

What is the role of the Federal Reserve System in maintaining a stable economy?

Ways the Federal Reserve Bank stimulates the economy

Lowers the reserve requirement

Lowers the discount rate

Purchases government securities

Role of the Government


Role of the government7

What is the role of the United States government in protecting consumer rights and property rights?

The United States government passes laws and creates agencies to protect consumer rights and property rights.

Role of the Government


Role of the government8

What is the role of the United States government in protecting consumer rights and property rights?

Individuals have the right of private ownership, which is protected by negotiated contracts that are enforceable by law.

Government agencies establish guidelines that protect public health and safety.

Consumers may take legal action against violations of consumer rights.

Role of the Government