Surveillance and Broadcast Services ADS-B Status Briefing: ASAS TN2.5 Vincent Capezzuto November 2008
Agenda • Dual Track Strategy • Essential Services Status • Critical Services Status • Rulemaking Status • $9.3M Acquisition • Next Steps
FAA Key Sites Juneau Philadelphia Louisville Miami (Essential) Gulf of Mexico = Key Site
Essential Services: Miami (St. Cloud) (Homestead) (Key West)
SV-168 UAT – Overview (TIS-B and FIS-B) Eastern Service Area – Miami Key Site • South Florida Broadcast Services • Operational since August 2008 Radio Station Status 9/24/08 SV-168 1090ES – Overview (TIS-B)
Key West Installation SV168-01 Key West (Beach TV) Radio Cabinet on Platform SV168-01 Key West (Beach TV) Radio Cabinet Installed on Platform Note: The Key West site is in a flood plain, so a raised structure was required SV168-01 Key West (Beach TV) Antenna Array
Eastern Service AreaPhiladelphia and Louisville Key Sites Critical Services Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) New ADS-B Operational at Louisville: (October 2009) New ADS-B Operational at Philadelphia (February 2010)
Central Service AreaGulf of Mexico / Houston Key Site • Critical Services • New ADS-B, Weather and Communications • All Operational: Gulf of Mexico/ZHU (December 2009)
Western Service AreaJuneau Key Site • Critical Services • Wide-Area Multilateration (WAM) • New WAM Operational: ZAN (June 2009) & ZDV (April 2009) • Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) • New ADS-B Operational: ZAN (April 2010) • Statewide Expansion of ADS-B with Communications & Weather
September 2008 ARC Report Overview • The ARC made 36 summary recommendations divided into two broad categories: • Recommendations to be resolved before any rule is adopted = 26 • ADS-B Link Strategy • ADS-B Program and Business Case • Performance Requirements • Required Equipment • Communication, Navigation and Surveillance Equipment • Recommendations for future = 10 • ADS-B Program and Business Case • Required Equipment • Communication, Navigation and Surveillance Equipment • Security, Privacy, and Malicious Use The ARC emphasizes its support for ADS–B Out implementation in the NAS by 2020.
ARC Recommendations: Use of DO-260 • Specific Recommendations: • Recommendation #6 (For Final Rule): Consistent with the ARC’s task 1 report, Optimizing the Benefits of ADS–B, the FAA should enable the use of DO–260-approved equipment for non-separation applications in the NPRM business case such as conflict probe in radar airspace. The FAA should operationally validate these benefits as soon as possible, to give operators confidence in the benefits of ADS–B Out. • Recommendation #10 (For Final Rule): To approve the use of DO–260-like equipage, the FAA should adopt, for 5 nm separations in non-radar airspace to include at least the Gulf of Mexico, European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC) 20–24, with appropriate measures to ensure ADS–B integrity. • Recommendation #28 (Longer Term): To support early ADS–B benefits with DO–260-approved equipment, the FAA should further explore opportunities within the ADS–B ground infrastructure/ATC automation to fuse data to accommodate the lack of transmission of the Mode 3/A code.
ARC Recommendations: Use of DO-260 - Hardee, Florida ADS-B Receive Coverage
ARC Recommendations: Use of DO-260 - Functional Flow Diagram • AIR certification of pre existing DO 260 • Changes in ATC procedures • Aircraft Certification List • Flight Plan track association based on call sign / ICAO address • RAIM prediction & availability assessment • Target selection filter
ARC Recommendation #29 (Longer Term): En Route 3nm Separation • The FAA should develop and implement the requirements and operational procedures for 3 nm separation in all domestic en route airspace based on ADS-B surveillance, before the ADS–B Out compliance date. En route Airspace 5 nm Separation Transition Area effective separation < 5 nm but >3 nm Terminal Airspace 3 nm Separation
ARC Recommendation #31 (Longer Term): Search and Rescue • The FAA should explore the opportunity of providing an enhancement to the emergency locator transmitter (ELT)/search and rescue operation by establishing an ADS-B tracking service that could be used to aid in crash locating.
ARC Recommendation #27 (Longer Term): ADS-B In • The NPRM is focused on ADS–B Out and attempts to establish the requirements of ADS–B Out equipment so that it is compatible with ADS–B In. The FAA, in partnership with industry, should define a strategy for ADS–B In by 2012, ensuring the strategy is compatible with ADS–B Out avionics. The FAA also should ensure this program defines how to proceed with ADS–B In beyond the voluntary equipage concept included in the NPRM.
$9.3M Acquisition: Background • The FY08 Conference Report accompanying H.R. 3074 has provided additional funding to the ADS-B program "specifically to expedite air to air capabilities" • FAA intends to utilize this funding to demonstrate ADS-B capabilities in the areas of surface conflict detection and cockpit alert capabilities
$9.3M Acquisition: Awards On November 3, 2008 the FAA announced awards to two different vendors
$9.3M Acquisition: Honeywell Award • Award: $3M • Proposal: Develop requirements, standards and human factors analysis • Location(s): • Seattle Tacoma • Snohomish County Paine Field • Aircraft (experimental): • 1 Cessna Sovereign • 1 Beechcraft King • Display: EFB and MFD • Pilots: • JetBlue Airways • Alaska Airline
$9.3M Acquisition: ACSS Award • Award: $6M • Proposal: Create standards, flight demonstrations and prototypes • Partner: US Airways • Location: Philadelphia • Aircraft (1 experimental, 20 revenue service): • King Air C90 (1) • Airbus 330 (20) • Display: Class 2 EFB / AGD
Thank You Achieving results through coordinated international collaboration
Ground Infrastructure: 794 Ground Station Solution Provides National Coverage
ITT ADS-B Locations 22 Locations (9 shore /13 platform) Locations are subject to change
ITT AWOS Locations Locations are subject to change 37 Locations
Communication Sensors FAA VHF Communication Locations High Altitude (10 total sites, 4 new, 6 existing) Low Altitude (17 total sites, 5 new, 12 existing)
Process for Selecting Applications Identify NAS needs (Problems) Portfolio of applications from existing sources Decompose into sub-problems PHASE 1 Application Characterization Is application a subset of / traceable to an existing AIWP application? Map sub-problems to required capabilities Refer to AIWP Yes Identify applications to support capabilities No Is application description sufficient to enable business case analysis? Develop/Refine application description No Yes Eliminate applications below minimum threshold Conduct business case analysis PHASE 2 Application Prioritization Rank application based on business case results Steering Committee requires mods to prioritized list? No Timeline of Applications Yes
Surveillance and Broadcast Services Program Earned Value Management (September 2008) Technical Performance Measures (TPMs) FIS-B Transmission Interval: NEXRAD Reflectivity (CONUS) is turned off and the issue is being worked on. No impact on the system performance. NEXRAD Reflectivity (Regional) software fix is under testing Schedule Status (FY08 / FY09 / FY10) Program Risks High: • Rule • Spectrum • MEARTS Medium: • Avionics Standards • Application Standards • Separation Standards • Juneau WAM • Gulf Surv. Sites • CARTS • STARS • CD-2 Status Message • ARC Recommendations • WAM CD-2 Status Message 18 Rated Risks: 3 High, 10 Medium, 5 Low