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Global Supply Chain Management PowerPoint Presentation
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Global Supply Chain Management

Global Supply Chain Management

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Global Supply Chain Management

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  1. Supply Chain Global Supply Chain Management 1

  2. What is Global Supply Chain Supply Chain A Supply chain that transforms a group of ad hoc and often fragmented processes, from a variety of globally based companies, into a cohesive system capable of delivering value to the customer. A global supply chain has the same goals as a domestic supply chain. But has the added complexity of coordinating the processes of globally based companies, across multiple international borders. What is It? Why would we want to go thru this headache? 2

  3. (S1, D1)(SR1,DR1,DR3) Manufacturing Warehouse Warehouse Warehouse Warehouse (S1, S2, M1, D1)(SR1,SR3,DR3) European Supplier (S1)(SR1,SR3) (S1)(SR1,SR3) (D2)(DR1) (S1, D1)(SR1,DR1,DR3) (S1, D1)(SR1,DR1,DR3) Latin American Suppliers Other Suppliers (D1) (D1) (S1)(SR1,SR3) (S1)(SR1,SR3) (S1, D1)(SR1,DR1,DR3) Global Supply Chain Supply Chain 3

  4. GSCM Optimization Factors Supply Chain • What questions must be answered to optimize the global supply chain? • What data must be gathered to answer these questions? • Who will support this decision of optimizing the global supply chain? The information for this discussion is based on questions and factors used in an optimization model developed by Global Supply Chain Associates (GSCA). More information can be gathered from their website: http://www.gsca.com/whathow.htm 4

  5. Questions to Global Operations Supply Chain What is our Manufacturing Strategy What is our Supply Base Design/Vendor Consideration What should we Outsource. What is our Distribution Strategy How do we implement our New Product Pipeline Design How do we management Assets and Inventory How do we achieve our expected Service Level 5

  6. Manufacturing Strategy Supply Chain • How many plants do I need? • Where should each plant be located? • What Products should each make? • What process technologies should each have ? • How much capacity of each process is needed? • What level of vertical integration in each plant? • What part of the world should each plant serve? • Which parts from each vendor? 6

  7. Supply Base Design/ Vendor Consideration Supply Chain • How do I simultaneously perform supplier selection for all parts in the same commodity group? • How many suppliers is best? • Am I missing opportunities by sourcing one part at a time? 7

  8. Outsourcing Supply Chain • What parts of my supply chain should I keep “in-house” and what parts to outsource? • What if a third party has a higher variable cost but a lower fixed cost than in-house production? 8

  9. Distribution Strategy Supply Chain • Should we ship direct from the plants or use warehouses? • How many warehouses and where located? • What service areas for each distribution center? • What modes of transportation to use? • How best to use in-transit merge to fulfill orders? • Should I outsource logistics? Which functions? • What spare parts and returns network design? 9

  10. New Product Pipeline Design Supply Chain • What should the supply chain look like for a new product? • How should I fit the new product into my current supply chain? • Should I single or double source this product? • How much do my fixed costs affect this decision? • What is the cross-over point to open up a second and third source of supply? 10

  11. Asset Management/ Inventory Supply Chain • What is the goal? • What performance measures? • How much capacity / capital equipment? • How much inventory? • What production schedule? • Where should extra capacity be placed? • How do pull replenishment and JIT impact capacity? 11

  12. Service Level Achievement Supply Chain • What level of service is desired? Why? • Should we use safety stock or supplier upside capacity? • How much safety stock is needed for x% Service Level? • What is the impact of a given amount of safety stock on costs, write-offs and lost sales? • What are the sources of uncertainty? 12

  13. Product/Part Data • Name/Description • List of parts • Bill of Materials relationships • Candidate supply points by part • Customer demand patterns by • product & zone • Part Weight • Facility Data • Facility fixed cost • Candidate geographic locations • Capacity Constraint Data • Part / location unit capacity • Part location constraint • Distribution facility capacity • Manufacturing process capacity • Resource locations constraint • Min/Max number of sites by type • Part / Facility Data • Part fixed cost • Part variable cost • Lead time • Inventory Levels Types of Data Needed Supply Chain 13

  14. Is this the Supply Chain you want. Supply Chain ACE 14