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Energy resources

Energy resources

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Energy resources

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  1. Energy resources

  2. Natural Resources • A natural resourceis a feature of Earth that benefits people. • Earth’s natural material resources are things like air, fresh water, and soil.

  3. 16.2 Electricity from fossil fuels • A nonrenewable resourceis not replaced as it is used. • Because it takes so long for these resources to form, someday we will not have enough fossil fuels to produce the electricity we need. • The three major fossil fuels are coal, oil, and natural gas. Video clip on fossil fuels

  4. Electricity from renewable resources (often called alternative energy sources) • A renewable resourcecan be replaced naturally in a relatively short period of time. • The Sun and wind are renewable resources that can be used as energy sources.

  5. Electricity from renewable resources • It is also possible to use: • moving water (hydroelectric) • hot spots near Earth’s surface (geothermal) • tides to produce electricity. • Let’s look at some of these!

  6. Hydroelectric - Using water to make power.

  7. Buford Dam at Lake Lanier

  8. Buford Dam at Lake Lanier

  9. Video clip on Hydroelectric power

  10. Advantages • Once the dam is built, the energy is • virtually free. No waste or pollution produced.Much more reliable than wind, solar or • wave power. Water can be stored above the dam ready • to cope with peaks in demand.Hydro-electric power stations can increase • to full power very quickly, unlike other • power stations. • Electricity can be generated constantly.

  11. Disadvantages • The dams are very expensive to build.However, many dams are also used for flood control • or irrigation, so building costs can be shared. Building a large dam will flood • a very large area upstream, causing problems • for animals that used to live there.Finding a suitable site can be difficult – • the impact on residents and the • environment may be unacceptable. Water quality and quantity downstream • can be affected, which can have an • impact on plant life.

  12. Wind power Windmills are built together in a “wind farm.”

  13. Video clip about Wind power

  14. Wind power

  15. Advantages • Wind is free, wind farms need no fuel. Produces no waste or greenhouse gases. • The land beneath can usually still be used for farming. • Wind farms can be tourist attractions. A good method of supplying energy to remote areas.

  16. Disadvantages • The wind is not always predictable – • some days have no wind. • Suitable areas for wind farms are often near • the coast, where land is expensive. • *Some people feel that covering the landscape • with these towers is unsightly. • Can kill birds - migrating flocks tend to • like strong winds. Splat! • Can affect television reception if you live nearby. Noisy. A wind generator makes a constant, • low, "swooshing" noise day and night, • which can drive you nuts. An entire wind farm makes quite a racket!

  17. Solar power Several ways to use the sun for power!

  18. Solar cells to make electricity like your solar calculator does.

  19. Solar power plants that can produce large amounts of electricity instead of for one house. Info on picture

  20. Places where solar power plants would work!

  21. We even use solar power in orbit! Why would that be a good way to power satellites? Video clip on solar power

  22. Advantages • Solar energy is free - it needs no • fuel and produces • no waste or pollution. • In sunny countries, solar power • can be used • where there is no easy way to get • electricity to a remote place.

  23. Disadvantages *Doesn't work at night. *Very expensive to build solar power stations.Solar cells cost a great deal compared to the amount of electricity they'll produce in their lifetime. *Can be unreliable unless you're in a very sunny climate.

  24. Tidal power La Racine France

  25. Turbines are placed underwater like with a dam. Tidal turbines have to spin 180 degrees because the tide switches directions 4 times a day! Video clip on tidal power

  26. Advantages Advantages • Once you've built the dam, tidal power is free. • It produces no greenhouse gases or other waste. • It needs no fuel. • It produces electricity reliably. • Not expensive to maintain. • Tides are totally predictable.

  27. Disadvantages • Very expensive to build. • Affects a very wide area - the environment is changed for many miles upstream and downstream. *Many birds rely on the tide uncovering the mud flats so that they can feed. *Only provides power for around 10 hours each day, when the tide is actually moving in or out.*There are very few suitable sites for tidal power stations.

  28. Nuclear Power

  29. This is steam, not polluted air!

  30. Video clip on nuclear power

  31. Advantages • Nuclear power costs about the same as coal, • so it's not expensive to make. • Does not produce smoke or carbon dioxide, • so it does not contribute to the greenhouse effect. • Produces huge amounts of energy from • small amounts of fuel.Produces small amounts of waste.Nuclear power is reliable.

  32. Disadvantages • Although not much waste is produced, • it is very, very dangerous. It must be sealed up and buried for many • years to allow the radioactivity to die away. Nuclear power is reliable, but a lot of money • has to be spent on safety – • if it does go wrong, a nuclear accident • can be a major disaster.

  33. Geothermal energy The earth has lots of heat inside!

  34. Sometimes it is very close to the surface.

  35. Video clip on geothermal energy

  36. What do you think would be the advantages and disadvantages of geothermal energy?