Gerund or Infinitive?. We select the –ing from. To create a NOUN from a verb to express a general idea(Subject of the sentence in most cases): “ Paying attention is essential in class”. After any preposition : “I am looking forward to hearing from you”.
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After certain verbal expressions (can’t stand, can’t help, be/get used to, don’t mind/would mind, it’s no use, it’s not worth):
As Direct Object of a list of verbs (continue, enjoy, like, love, prefer, suggest, recommend, etc...):
To form gerunds, usethe base form + ing(don’t’ forget the rules for spelling of ing form of verbs)I enjoy learning EnglishTo form negative gerunds, use not + gerundNot speaking English well is my biggest problem in this country.
After the Indirect Object of certain verbs (advise, invite, warn, teach, ...):
To form infinitives useto + base form of the verbI want to danceTo form negative infinitives useNot + infinitiveHe decided not to go to the party.
Verbs that are followed by a noun phrase + infinitivecan also be followed by a gerund.The gerund makes it general and the infinitive make specific the person indicated.Theyallow smokingin this building.Theyallowed me to smokein thehouse.
Both gerunds and infinitives can occur in the perfect formhaving doneto have doneIt is used to indicate that the activity is in the pastWe appreciate having heard her sing.We’re fortunate to have heard her sing
Havemakeletare causative verbs. They cause someone to do something.They are always followed by a noun phrase + base form of verb.Do not use an infinitive after these verbs.She made mefall.