Exploring the Community Youth Development Movement in the Arts. Nick Ammerman and Tim Longo 10-27-09
What Do You Think? It can be argued that all of Catalano's positive youth development constructs are addressed in arts education. Do you agree with this statement? If so, why? If you disagree, which constructs do you feel are not addressed in arts education? The positive youth development constructs are listed on the next slide.
Promotes bonding Fosters resilience Promotes social competence Promotes emotional competence Promotes cognitive competence Promotes behavioral competence Promotes moral competence Fosters self determination Fosters spirituality Fosters self efficacy Fosters clear and positive identity Fosters belief in the future Provides recognition for positive behavior Provides opportunities for prosocial involvement Positive Youth Development Constructs
Broad Trends in Youth Development in the U.S. • Pre 1950's:Scattered initiatives across the U.S. • 1950's-1960's:Youth development as responses to crisis/issues. • 1970's:Emphasis on supporting youth before problems emerge. • 1980's: Holistic response to problem behaviors. • 1990's-2000's:Emergence of positive youth development.
Positive Youth Development "The field of positive youth development focuses on each and every child's unique talents, strengths, interests, and future potential." -William Damon-professor of education and director of the Center of Adolescence at Stanford University. -Young people as resources rather than as problems for society. -Holistic:Considers whole community in relation to whole child.
Characteristics of Effective Positive Youth Development Programs • Youth development constructs • Measurement of positive and problem outcomes • Structured curriculum • Program frequency and duration • Program implementation and assurance of implementation quality • Populations served
"Art is the most complex expression of longing and aspirations of a society." -John Dewey (1934) -to critque art is to participate in democratic practice. - examination of diverse art prompts individuals to discover "the meaning and value of what they do." -Art education nurtures thoughtful reflection. Both individual and societal reflection. -Viewing art and reasoning theoretically invite responsible dialogues. Responsible dialogues promote democracy.
Community Youth Development in Action The Intonation Music Workshop y Provides under served youth in Chicago withacces with access to musical instruments, hands on on instruction, and performance opportunities in in neighborhoods where it is needed most. Allows students to work together to solve problems and create music. Promotes Dewey's idea of learning through doing.
"All Access" Music Education! Music gives a soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and life to everything." -Plato
Final thoughts/questions/imagined scenario Your library/information center/community resource center recently received a $15,000 grant to partner with a community youth development organization that focuses on art education(music, painting, photography, ceramics, etc). The aim of the grant is to promote information literacy and community engagement amongst the youth through art education. What kinds of programs/services would your organization create? Do your ideas address the positive youth development constructs addressed earlier? If so, how? If not, why?