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PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE COMING… IS YOUR UTILITY READY? PowerPoint Presentation
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PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE COMING… IS YOUR UTILITY READY?

PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE COMING… IS YOUR UTILITY READY?

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PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE COMING… IS YOUR UTILITY READY?

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  1. PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE COMING… IS YOUR UTILITY READY? Britta Gross Director, Global Energy Systems and Infrastructure Commercialization

  2. Increasing Electrification

  3. Extended-Range Electric VehicleChevrolet Volt

  4. 40 HUNDREDS of miles miles Up to BATTERY EXTENDED RANGE Electric Drive Driving (Gasoline or E85)

  5. Pre-Production Volt:Engineering Test Drive – 13 Oct 2009

  6. Charging and Infrastructure

  7. GM/EPRI Utility CollaborationIncludes more than 50 Utilities… many the industry’s thought-leaders in electric transportation and grid interaction BC Hydro Manitoba Hydro Snohomish County PUD No. 1 Seattle City Light Hydro-Québec Avista Corp. Portland General Electric NY ISO PacifiCorp Great River Energy Central Hudson G&E Hydro One Northeast Utilities Consumers Energy Rochester G&E United Illuminating Dairyland Power We Energies NYPA ConEd EnWin DTE LIPA Madison G&E PJM PSEG Nebraska Public Power Dist. Exelon FirstEnergy Constellation Energy Sacramento Municipal UD Lincoln Electric AEP Pepco Holdings, Inc. Hetch Hetchy Water and Power Hoosier Tri-State G&T Great Plains Energy Dominion Resources Pacific Gas & Electric Ameren Services Duke Energy Southern California Edison Progress Energy Salt River Project Tennessee Valley Authority Arizona Public Service Arkansas Electric Coop San Diego Gas & Electric Southern Company EUROPE Iberdrola, S.A. Austin Energy Golden Valley Electric Assn. CenterPoint Energy CPS Energy Hawaiian Electric Co.

  8. Six Things We Need to Get Right • Market analysis • Technical features • Customer experience • Public education • Public policy • Advanced features and new opportunities

  9. Charging Power Levels • 120V (1.2 kW) charging • Plugs into standard household outlet • Full charge in about eight hours (temperature dependent) • No additional equipment or installation (?) • Charge cord standard with the vehicle in NA • 240V (3.3 kW) charging • Full charge in about three hours • Efficient and enables more opportunity to drive electrically • Will usually require a one-time investment to upgrade garage with dedicated 240V circuit • Charger and control logic onboard the vehicle • Designed for global voltages 120V Cordset 240V ChargeStation

  10. Where Are the Cars? Source of Data - 2001 National Household Travel Survey ; GM Data Analysis (Tate/Savagian) - SAE paper 2009-01-1311

  11. Home Charging can be a real satisfier for consumers, but there is a lot of potential variability that we have to help manage… • Garages can be filled with junk and need to be rearranged to make room for the charger • Some garages already have washers/ dryers or refrigerators that operate on 220V lines but making room for additional line a challenge • Locating charger on right or front of vehicle works better for some. But garage clutter is still an issue

  12. Progress Energy Home Survey: Carolinas (2,100) and Florida (3,400) Add’l Costs: Panel upgrade ~$1,000 EVSE ~$300-1,000 Meter/submeter?

  13. Progress Energy Home Survey: Carolinas (2,100) and Florida (3,400) Add’l Costs: Panel upgrade ~$1,000 EVSE ~$300-1,000 Meter/submeter?

  14. 2008 Gasoline vs. Electricity PricesAverage Gasoline Price$3.25/Gallon and Electricity 11.36¢/KwHr $3.20/15.69¢ $3.42/7.58¢ $3.30/ 14.62¢ $3.30/15.96¢ $3.27/9.14¢ $3.24/7.48¢ $3.12/ 9.79¢ $3.21/17.50¢ $3.36/8.52¢ $3.26/ 11.60¢ $3.46/ 18.79¢ $3.30/7.01¢ $3.23/8.22¢ $3.27/10.93¢ $3.23/17.57¢ $3.18/8.18¢ $3.26/11.39¢ $3.42/19.36¢ $3.15/9.72¢ $3.34/11.93¢ $3.18/ 10.13¢ $3.21/7.82¢ $3.11/15.95¢ $3.24/ 8.93¢ $3.36/ 11.07¢ $3.21/13.81¢ $3.28/8.30¢ $3.34/ 7.03¢ $3.16/ 9.69¢ $3.17/13.91¢ $3.21/10.15¢ $3.12/8.98¢ $3.04/ 8.03¢ $3.53/ 14.40¢ $3.35/12.68¢ $3.20/7.97¢ $3.26/9.72¢ $3.15/8.81¢ $3.07/9.25¢ $3.21/10.25¢ $3.12/ 9.99¢ $3.13/ 9.46¢ $3.24/10.02¢ $3.19/ 10.36¢ $3.23/10.06¢ $3.14/ 10.30¢ $3.13/12.92¢ $3.19/ 10.36¢ $3.28/11.67¢ $3.75/16.35¢ $3.76/32.50¢ Source: Oil Price Information Service Source: Energy Information Administration http://www.eia.doe.gov/fuelelectric.html

  15. Top Priorities for Overall Utility Support: • Consumer EV support (24/7 operator for EV charging questions) • Residential infrastructure assistance • Fast, convenient installation process that is affordable (i.e. satisfying) • Utility handles entire home installation process • OR • Coordination between Utility (meter) and 3rd party installer (EVSE) • Outreach and leadership in readying regions for plug-in vehicles • Key stakeholder outreach • City/regional initiative to put enablers in place • Consumer education • Compelling consumer EV rates and easy sign-up process • Inform customers of best options, preferred rates, green options • Policy assistance (e.g. eased permitting, building codes, incentives) • Expanded fleet purchases Home Inspection EVSE Installation Meter Installation Permit/Inspection Rate Signup

  16. Plug-in Ready Communities Required Stakeholders • Dedicated project leader • State, city, county • Clean Cities Orgs/AQMD • DOT • Utilities (municipal and regional) • Regulators/public utility commissions • Permitting and code officials • Local employers • Local universities

  17. Plug-in Ready Communities Required Stakeholders Desired Enablers Game PlanInfrastructure/Incentives/Educational Outreach • Dedicated project leader • State, city, county • Clean Cities Orgs/AQMD • DOT • Utilities (municipal and regional) • Regulators/public utility commissions • Permitting and code officials • Local employers • Local universities Vehicle Purchase Incentives Charging Installation Incentives (Home, Work, Public) Low Off-Peak Charging Rates(e.g. to encourage nighttime charging) Green/Renewable Charging Options Building Codes to Include HomeCharging Enablers Government Fleet Purchases HOV Lane Access Free Parking Free Charging

  18. What’s the Right Balance Between…Being Prepared and Being Positive?