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PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE COMING… IS YOUR UTILITY READY?. Britta Gross Director, Global Energy Systems and Infrastructure Commercialization. Increasing Electrification. Extended-Range Electric Vehicle Chevrolet Volt. 40. HUNDREDS of miles. miles. Up to. BATTERY. EXTENDED RANGE.

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slide1

PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE COMING…

IS YOUR UTILITY READY?

Britta Gross

Director, Global Energy Systems and Infrastructure Commercialization

slide4

40

HUNDREDS of miles

miles

Up to

BATTERY

EXTENDED RANGE

Electric Drive

Driving (Gasoline or E85)

slide7

GM/EPRI Utility CollaborationIncludes more than 50 Utilities… many the industry’s thought-leaders in electric transportation and grid interaction

BC Hydro

Manitoba Hydro

Snohomish County PUD No. 1

Seattle City Light

Hydro-Québec

Avista Corp.

Portland General Electric

NY ISO

PacifiCorp

Great River Energy

Central Hudson G&E

Hydro One

Northeast Utilities

Consumers Energy

Rochester G&E

United Illuminating

Dairyland Power

We Energies

NYPA

ConEd

EnWin

DTE

LIPA

Madison G&E

PJM

PSEG

Nebraska Public Power Dist.

Exelon

FirstEnergy

Constellation Energy

Sacramento Municipal UD

Lincoln Electric

AEP

Pepco Holdings, Inc.

Hetch Hetchy Water and Power

Hoosier

Tri-State G&T

Great Plains Energy

Dominion Resources

Pacific Gas & Electric

Ameren Services

Duke Energy

Southern California Edison

Progress Energy

Salt River Project

Tennessee Valley Authority

Arizona Public Service

Arkansas Electric Coop

San Diego Gas & Electric

Southern Company

EUROPE

Iberdrola, S.A.

Austin Energy

Golden Valley Electric Assn.

CenterPoint Energy

CPS Energy

Hawaiian Electric Co.

six things we need to get right
Six Things We Need to Get Right
  • Market analysis
  • Technical features
  • Customer experience
  • Public education
  • Public policy
  • Advanced features and new opportunities
charging power levels
Charging Power Levels
  • 120V (1.2 kW) charging
    • Plugs into standard household outlet
    • Full charge in about eight hours (temperature dependent)
    • No additional equipment or installation (?)
    • Charge cord standard with the vehicle in NA
  • 240V (3.3 kW) charging
    • Full charge in about three hours
    • Efficient and enables more opportunity to drive electrically
    • Will usually require a one-time investment to upgrade garage with dedicated 240V circuit
  • Charger and control logic onboard the vehicle
  • Designed for global voltages

120V Cordset

240V ChargeStation

where are the cars
Where Are the Cars?

Source of Data - 2001 National Household Travel Survey ; GM Data Analysis (Tate/Savagian) - SAE paper 2009-01-1311

slide11
Home Charging can be a real satisfier for consumers, but there is a lot of potential variability that we have to help manage…
  • Garages can be filled with junk and need to be rearranged to make room for the charger
  • Some garages already have washers/ dryers or refrigerators that operate on 220V lines but making room for additional line a challenge
  • Locating charger on right or front of vehicle works better for some. But garage clutter is still an issue
slide12

Progress Energy Home Survey: Carolinas (2,100) and Florida (3,400)

Add’l Costs:

Panel upgrade ~$1,000

EVSE ~$300-1,000

Meter/submeter?

slide13

Progress Energy Home Survey: Carolinas (2,100) and Florida (3,400)

Add’l Costs:

Panel upgrade ~$1,000

EVSE ~$300-1,000

Meter/submeter?

2008 gasoline vs electricity prices average gasoline price 3 25 gallon and electricity 11 36 kwhr
2008 Gasoline vs. Electricity PricesAverage Gasoline Price$3.25/Gallon and Electricity 11.36¢/KwHr

$3.20/15.69¢

$3.42/7.58¢

$3.30/

14.62¢

$3.30/15.96¢

$3.27/9.14¢

$3.24/7.48¢

$3.12/

9.79¢

$3.21/17.50¢

$3.36/8.52¢

$3.26/

11.60¢

$3.46/

18.79¢

$3.30/7.01¢

$3.23/8.22¢

$3.27/10.93¢

$3.23/17.57¢

$3.18/8.18¢

$3.26/11.39¢

$3.42/19.36¢

$3.15/9.72¢

$3.34/11.93¢

$3.18/

10.13¢

$3.21/7.82¢

$3.11/15.95¢

$3.24/

8.93¢

$3.36/

11.07¢

$3.21/13.81¢

$3.28/8.30¢

$3.34/

7.03¢

$3.16/

9.69¢

$3.17/13.91¢

$3.21/10.15¢

$3.12/8.98¢

$3.04/

8.03¢

$3.53/

14.40¢

$3.35/12.68¢

$3.20/7.97¢

$3.26/9.72¢

$3.15/8.81¢

$3.07/9.25¢

$3.21/10.25¢

$3.12/

9.99¢

$3.13/

9.46¢

$3.24/10.02¢

$3.19/

10.36¢

$3.23/10.06¢

$3.14/

10.30¢

$3.13/12.92¢

$3.19/

10.36¢

$3.28/11.67¢

$3.75/16.35¢

$3.76/32.50¢

Source: Oil Price Information Service

Source: Energy Information Administration

http://www.eia.doe.gov/fuelelectric.html

top priorities for overall utility support
Top Priorities for Overall Utility Support:
  • Consumer EV support (24/7 operator for EV charging questions)
  • Residential infrastructure assistance
    • Fast, convenient installation process that is affordable (i.e. satisfying)
    • Utility handles entire home installation process
    • OR
    • Coordination between Utility (meter) and 3rd party installer (EVSE)
  • Outreach and leadership in readying regions for plug-in vehicles
    • Key stakeholder outreach
    • City/regional initiative to put enablers in place
    • Consumer education
  • Compelling consumer EV rates and easy sign-up process
    • Inform customers of best options, preferred rates, green options
  • Policy assistance (e.g. eased permitting, building codes, incentives)
  • Expanded fleet purchases

Home Inspection

EVSE Installation

Meter Installation

Permit/Inspection

Rate Signup

plug in ready communities
Plug-in Ready Communities

Required Stakeholders

  • Dedicated project leader
  • State, city, county
  • Clean Cities Orgs/AQMD
  • DOT
  • Utilities (municipal and regional)
  • Regulators/public utility commissions
  • Permitting and code officials
  • Local employers
  • Local universities
plug in ready communities1
Plug-in Ready Communities

Required Stakeholders

Desired Enablers

Game PlanInfrastructure/Incentives/Educational Outreach

  • Dedicated project leader
  • State, city, county
  • Clean Cities Orgs/AQMD
  • DOT
  • Utilities (municipal and regional)
  • Regulators/public utility commissions
  • Permitting and code officials
  • Local employers
  • Local universities

Vehicle Purchase Incentives

Charging Installation Incentives

(Home, Work, Public)

Low Off-Peak Charging Rates(e.g. to encourage nighttime charging)

Green/Renewable Charging Options

Building Codes to Include HomeCharging Enablers

Government Fleet Purchases

HOV Lane Access

Free Parking

Free Charging