MODEL: ACCREDITATION PROGRAMOF VETERINARY MEDICINE SCHOOLIN ASIA REGION Prof.Romziah Sidik, Ph.D. Drh. Dean FVM – Airlangga University AAVS CONFERENCE 24TH – 25TH APRIL, 2008 SEOUL - KOREA
ESSENTIAL OF APPROVAL ACCREDITATION OF VETERINARY MEDICINE SCHOOL • INSTITUTION PERFORMANCE AND COMMITMENT ON THE QUALITY AND CAPACITY BUILDING TO PERFORM THEIR EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND PUBLIC SERVICES PROGRAMS IN VETERINARY MEDICINE SCIENCE & PROFESSION BASED ON EVALUATION AND COMPREHENSIVE APPRAISAL
THE AIM & OUTCOMES OF INSTITUTION ACCREDITATION • To guarantee the Accredited Veterinary Medicine School is standardized • To support the Veterinary Medicine School to improve and maintain the quality • Accredited score is useful to promote the Veterinary medicine School to get some recognitions from the other Institutions.
QUALITY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE SCHOOL • The profile of Veterinary Medicine School is perform the totally condition & characteristic of input, process, output and outcomes based on some measured indicators performance.
WHY VETERINARY MEDICINE SCHOOLNEED AN INTERNATIONAL ACCREDITATION??? • INTERNATIONAL STANDARDITATION • GLOBALIZATION ACTION • VETERINARY INTERNATIONAL SERVICES • RECOGNATION AMONG VETERINARY MEDICINE SCHOOL
BACKGROUND OF VETERINARY MEDICINE SCHOOL CERTIFICATION/ACCREDITATION PROGRAM • Implementation “A School Certification Program” is adopted after a World’s Veterinary Association (WVA) Deans Meeting in Yokohama, September 1995. • The WVA recommends the establishment of regional International certification bodies, promoted and recognized by the WVA, and responsible for college assesment in their part of the world. The implementation of the certification programme will be in the hands of these regional bodies. The certification Programme should include a self evaluation by the school or college.
TWO MODELS OF INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATION PROGRAMMES • EUROPE CERTIFICATION PROGRAMMES MODEL (1999: Based on A permanent System Approved by European Commission 1991) • NORTH AMERICA CERTIFICATION PROGRAMMES MODEL ( A Joint Certification Program)
EUROPE CERTIFICATION PROGRAMMES MODEL • Self Evaluation report compiled in one of the two official language (English or French) • Complemented by the visit of team of experts, and ends with the adoption of an evaluation report. • The detail of Improvements should be made; the implementation of the recommendations is subject to follow-up.
OUTLINING THE SYSTEM WAS PROVIDED BY SOME DOCUMENTS • A Guide to preparing the self evaluation report, for use the management of the establishment to be visit • A questionare to collect facts and figures on the establishment to be visited • A guide on how visits are organized, for the use the administration on the establishment to be visited • A guide for the experts participating in the visit.
PILOT STUDY OF CERTIFICATION PROGRAM • Participation in the pilot study is voluntary (one school in each country should be evaluated). • The main aim of the pilot study is to establish the methodology • The outcomes are discussed and used as the basis for a report, which recommended the assesment of all the veterinary schools in the European Community trought a permanent evaluation system.
THE OPERATION OF EVALUATION SYSTEM • SE should available at least two months before the date of the visit. The visit need 3 – 4 days. • The group of visiting experts is selected or nominated by the Advisory Committee on Veterinary Training (ACTV), and comprises 4 people: basic sciences, clinical sciences, animal production and food hygiene. • The choice experts for each yearly programme should show a balance between the participating countries. • The Chairman of the visiting group allocates the task to its members, which each expert having responsibility for part of the self evaluation report. • The expert visitors then work together to complete the evaluation report as soon as possible. The report should be send the Head of the establishment, who check it for factual errors, then submitted to the ACVT for discussion & adoption during a meeting to which the head of the school visited is invited. • The most important parts of the report are the conclusions and the summary of the suggestions.
NORTH AMERICA CERTIFICATION PROGRAMMES MODEL: A Joint Certification Programme • The Veterinary Organization in The United State of America and in Canada have agreed: A joint certification Programme • College located outside of North America also have acces to this programme.
THE ESSENTIALS FOR ACCREDITATION OR APPROVAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE BY American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) • Dynamics and change base upon needs of the profession • New knowledge • Changing educational delivery systems and needs of society.
THE ELEVEN ESSENTIALS APPROVED BY THE AVMA HOUSE OF DELEGATES • 1. Organization : A college may be accredited only when it is major administrative division of the parent institution and is afforded the same recognition, status, and autonomy as other professional colleges in that institution. The chief administrative officer or dean must be a veterinarian, and officer responsible for professional, ethical and academic affair of the veterinary medical teaching hospital must also be a veterinarian.
2. Finances. A college of veterinary medicine must have sufficient financial resources to meet the essential requirements for accreditation. Financial resources must be available and allocated for the acquisition and maintenance of necessary equipment. Clinical services, field services and hospitals muss be offered primarily as instructional resources and need to be subsidized financially to ensure their instructional integrity.
3. Physical Facilities and equipment • All aspects of the physical facilities must provide an appropriate learning environment. Classrooms, teaching laboratories, seminar rooms, and other teaching spaces shall be clean
THE ELEVEN ESSENTIALS APPROVED BY THE AVMA HOUSE DELEGATES Organization. An accredited college of veterinary medicine must be a part of an institution of higher learning accredited by an organization recognized for that purpose by United States or Canadian government. A college may be accredited only when it is a major administrative division of the parent institution and is afforded the same recognition, status and autonomy as other professional colleges in that institution. The chief administrative officer or dean must be veterinarian, and the officer responsible for professional, ethical, and academic affairs of the veterinary medical teaching hospital must also be veterinarian. The college shall maintain equality of opportunity in its programs and comply with all state and federal laws regarding the civil rights of students, staff and faculty.
2. Finance. • A college of veterinary medicine must have sufficient financial resources to meet the essential requirements for accreditation. • Financial resources must be available and allocated for the acquisition and maintenance of necessary equipment. • Clinical services, field services and hospital must have be offered primarily as instructional resources and need to be subsidized financially to ensure their instructional integrity.
3. Physical Facilities and Equipment All aspect of the physical facilities must provide an appropriate learning environment. Classrooms, teaching laboratories, seminar rooms and other teaching spaces shall be clean, maintained good repair and adequate in number, size and equipment for the instructional purposes intended and the number of students enrolled. Adequate lighting and ventilation shall be provided.
Administrative and faculty offices, library facilities, research laboratories and storage space must be sufficient for the needs of the faculty and staff. • An accredited college must maintain or be formally affiliated with an acceptable hospital for the humane care and treatment of animals. • Appropriate service components, including but not limited to pharmacy, radiology, diagnostic support services and necropsy facilities must be provided to support the teaching hospital. Intensive care units must be provided for various species.
Facilities for the housing of animals used for teaching and research shall be sufficient in number, properly constructed and maintained in a manner consistent with accepted humane standards. • Isolation facilities must be provided and properly constructed, ventilated for animal care in accordance with accepted modern methods for prevention of spread of infectious agents.
4. Clinical Resources • Provides access to subject matter experts, modern and complete clinical laboratories and ready confirmation. Such examples could include a contractual arrangement with nearby practitioners who serve as adjunct faculty members and off campus field practice centers. • Medical records must be maintained in an effective retrieval system. The record must include owner and patient identification, history, diagnosis, treatment, response to treatment and disposition. A system classification and nomenclature of diseases and procedures may be used for recording all information. The medical records must be available for review by the accreditation committee.
Library and Learning Resources • A library is essential to veterinary medical education, research, publish service, and continuing education. • Library facilities must be adequately housed, appropriately staffed, conveniently located and available for the use of veterinary students and faculty at all reasonable hours.
6. Enrolment. • The total number of students attending a college of veterinary medicine must be consistent with the physical facilities, equipment, clinical accessions and the number and qualifications of faculty, support staff and administrative personnel.
7. Admission • The college shall have a well defined and officially stated admissions policy. • Subjects for admission shall include those courses prerequisite to the professional program in veterinary medicine, as well as courses which contribute to a broad general education. The goal of pre-veterinary education shall be to provide a broad base upon which professional education may built, leading to life long learning with continued professional and personal development. • Factors such a character, communication skills, experience with animals, motivation of the candidate.
8. Faculty • The faculty must provide competence in all subject matter areas of the curriculum as well as effective teaching skills. • The shall be evidence of a balanced program of teaching, research, and publish service. • The college shall give comprehensive program for the professional growth and development of faculty.
9. Curriculum • Veterinary Medicine is unique in that through comparison of species it bridges medicine, agriculture and biology. • The curriculum should emphasize the acquisition and development of skills, value and attitudes at least as much as the acquisition of core of veterinary knowledge • Development of institutional individuality is encouraged, to achieve excellence without uniformity. • A curriculum evaluation plan should include the gathering of sufficient qualitative and quantitative information to demonstrate program quality and effectiveness.
The curriculum and educational process should initiate and promote life long learning degree, it shall provide opportunity for each student to: • gain an understanding of the underlying basis of health and disease in a broad range of domestic species • acquire fundamental clinical skills in variety of species • develop the values, attitudes and behavior necessary to address responsibilities the health needs of animals in the context of individual clients and society as a whole.
The curriculum development process should: • a. Reflect the results of research on learning and teaching • b. Provide elective programs, multiple options, track systems or area of concentration to assure that the graduate veterinarian will be able to serve society in the several generally accepted areas of veterinary medical responsibility and she/he have basic knowledge and skills to continue development as a specialist through graduate and continuing education. • c. Include the gathering of outcome assessment measures.
10. Continuing Education • Faculty shall be encouraged to contribute to continuing education offerings to assist veterinarians in meeting changing professional demands and the needs of the public.
11. Research and Postgraduate Education • The college shall demonstrate substantial research activities as well as offer programs of study leading to advanced degrees and specialty board certification. • Enrollment in postgraduate programs shall be commensurate with facilities, resources and faculty qualifications.
CLASSIFICATION 1. Full Accreditation. This classification may be granted for a period not to exceed seven years. 2. Limited Accreditation. This classification may be assigned for a period not to exceed five consecutive years. 3. Terminal Accreditation. This classification may be assigned for a period not to exceed four years. 4. Provisional Accreditation. This classification may be assigned for a period not to exceed two years. 5. Approved. A college foreign to the United States and Canada that, upon evaluation by the Council. This classification may be assigned for a period not to exceed seven years.
Accreditation of Veterinary Medicine School of Asia Model By AAVS COMMITTEE BOARD
MECHANISM ACCREDITATION PROGRAM BY AAVS COMMITTEE BOARD AAVS LEADER AAVS Accreditation Committe APPROVAL APPLICATION DESK EVALUATION SITE VISIT VETERINARY MEDICINE SCHOOL SE & PERFORMANCE INDICATOR DISCUSSION, EVALUATION, CONCLUTION
AAVS ACCREDITATION COMMITTEE ACCESSOR ACCESSOR ACCESSOR
The Standard Area of Veterinary School Accreditation Physical Facilities and Equipment ORGANIZATION • Teaching Learning System • Graduate • Student • Finance • Academic Atmosphere • Research and Public Services • Human Resources • Governance • Information System • Curriculum • Maintenance System • Quality Assurance System
1. Organization • Description Standard Organization: An accredited college of veterinary medicine must be a part of an institution of higher learning accredited by an organization recognized for that purpose by United States or Canadian government. A college may be accredited only when it is a major administrative division of the parent institution and is afforded the same recognition, status and autonomy as other professional colleges in that institution. The chief administrative officer or dean must be veterinarian, and the officer responsible for professional, ethical, and academic affairs of the veterinary medical teaching hospital must also be veterinarian. The college shall maintain equality of opportunity in its programs and comply with all state and federal laws regarding the civil rights of students, staff and faculty.
2. Student • Description Standard of Student: • The Institution provide Student Center: to development of cognitive, hobbies, student welfare • The Institution have student ethics • The Institution to improve participation and prestige of student on scientific programs national and regional • The achievement participation and student practice (last three years) in National and International such as scientific, sport, art etc • The Institution perform data survey of student satisfaction on student services
3. Human Resources • Description Standard of Human Resource: • The Institution have human recourse development system, such as planning, recruitment selection, orientation and placement staff, carrier development, reward and punishment, remuneration, resign staff, transparent and accountable. • Equity of qualification, such as ratio of staff and student, minimal staff education (megastar, doctor, professor) • The Institution perform to survey staff satisfaction, laborer, technician, administration staff • The Institution have staff ethics
4. Curriculum • Description Standard of Curriculum: • The curriculum is an instrument of teaching learning process base on planning, doing, monitoring and evaluation of all activities to goal of the school. • The curriculum is proposed based on activity of lesson, practice, seminar and take home. • The curriculum must to develop in periodical for adjustedscience & technology development, and requirement by stakeholder. • The curriculum assure of graduate competence
4. CURRICULUM • Assessment Element: • The Institution must have policy, rule, guide line guidance book to facilitate study program, planning, development and periodical redesign curriculum for sustainability. • The Institution must have commitment for allocate budged, to be place human resource for implementing, developing and redesigning curriculum • The Institution must have some data and report of planning, implementing, developing and redesigning curriculum.
5. FACILITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURE • Description Standard: • To Provide Facilities & infrastructure include: building, furniture, equipment (hard & soft ware), security system for capital & campus safety. • Development of institution management systems , such as: planning, procurement, data base, outcomes, maintenance, renewal of facilities & infrastructure by Standard Operational Procedure (SOP). • Management system should support for redesigning curriculum as well as the dynamical & development of science & technology • The Institution have a Quality Assurance Unit for monitoring & evaluation of implemented Study Program, Finance & Human Resource Management, Management I formation System. • Role of Institution to facilitate and empower the Study Program to develop the curriculum.
FACILITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURE • Assessment Element: • The Institution should have facilities & infrastructure management system as an effective and efficient by using Information system, the complete inventory system, periodically report that useful for students & stake holder. • The Institution have policy, guide line, guidance book and rule about safety and security for facility users in campus. • The Institution have possessive document, grand, rental, lend by commitment or memorandum agreement as well as the law between Institution and others.
6. Finances • The Institution must provide finance for running and improving quality of education, research and public services. • The Institution must show the maintenance system of finance such as transparant, accountable and good governance. Periodic accounting report and to guarantee for supporting academic program minimum for next five years (sustainability)
Assestment Element: • Auditing finance report according to finance resource, planning, realization implementing and efficiency • Financial restemources must be available and allocated for the acquisition and maintenance of necessary equipment • Available internal monitoring and evaluation system (transparancy, accountable, equity) • Potencial to get funding from other resources/competitive grant.
7. Good Governance • Provide system, structure and mechanism to maintain and guarantee the achievment of good governance. • Absed on moral, ethic and integrity • Collaboration with governance institution, stakeholder and other institution.
Assesment element: • Available organization structure with functional units as well as the policy complete rule with function and responsibility. • Available strategic planning include vision, mision, purpose and sistemic strategic. • Developing SOP of planning,development and implementation of institutional policy • Responsibility to give some information to stakeholder as public accounting
8. Governance System • Include: design of job description and job analysed, standard operational procedure, managerial competence program for good governance • Available assestment criteria and instrument to assest of performance.
9. Teaching Learning System • The Institution must developing teaching learning process to achieve purpose, vision and mision. • Available academic standard consist of policy, rule, ethic and value of academic • Improving teaching learning system for guarantee all componen. • Monitoring and evaluation of teaching learning system • Available facilities and equipment.
Available center facilities and could be accesible by student, staff and expert for teaching learning activities. • Available institution library and facilities