The Gift of the Nile. The gift of the Nile. The Nile Flood.
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The rise and fall of the Nile River created three distinct seasons:
These seasons became the basis of the farmer’s calendar
The extent of the flood was important because:
Early June, officials used
a series of staircases
called nilometers to
begin checking the level
of the river.
The Nile was the main transport route in ancient Egypt. Sailing down the Nile towards Giza was much easier than sailing up the Nile to Aswan. This was because:
The Nile carried many different forms of river transport for a range of purposes:
Hail to you beloved Nile who comes from the earth
to keep Egypt alive.
You make the barley grow
And bring the wheat to life so the temples can be
full of offerings.
When the Nile is very low then everyone is poor.
The food offerings to the gods are few in number.
A million people perish.
Greed is everywhere.
Even the rich man looks worried.
Everyone carries a weapon.
When you are flowing, offerings are made to you,
Oxen are sacrificed for you,
Birds are fattened for you,
Lions are hunted for you,
Fire is provided for you.
Hail to you, beloved Nile,
You make Egypt green,
You make men and cattle live.