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Industrial Ecology Pathways to Sustainability in Östergötland. Tekniska Verken and Linköping University: Co-operation is a Learning Process 21 January 2011 Leo Baas University of Linköping, Environmental Technology & Management From Two Natural Systems to....:.

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Industrial ecology pathways to sustainability in sterg tland

Industrial Ecology Pathways to Sustainability in Östergötland

TekniskaVerken and Linköping University:

Co-operation is a Learning Process

21 January 2011

Leo Baas

University of Linköping,

Environmental Technology & Management

From Two Natural Systems to....:

One natural symbiosis system can industrial ecology mimick nature
…..One natural symbiosis system: Can Industrial Ecology Mimick Nature?

Industrial ecology definition
Industrial Ecology definition

Industrial ecology is described as:

An integrated system, in which the consumption of energy and materials is optimised and the effluents of one process serve as the raw material(s) or energy for another process

(Frosch & Gallopoulos, Scientific American:1989)

Industrial ecology interconnectedness of physical social systems
Industrial Ecology: Interconnectedness of Physical & Social Systems

  • Physical Systems:

    Technology, Material and Energy Flows


  • Social Systems:

    Individuals, Organisations, Culture,

    Values, Institutions

Industrial symbiosis
Industrial SystemsSymbiosis

Industrial Symbiosis is seen as a process whereby materials, water, energy in the techno-sphere and informational, organizational and management flows at the institutional level between and among companies are investigated with the objective of developing and improving co-operative links between/among them

Circular economy
Circular Economy Systems

The Circular Economy approach to resource-use efficiency integrates cleaner production and industrial ecology in a broader system encompassing industrial firms, networks or chains of firms, eco-industrial parks, and regional infrastructure to support resource optimization

Circular economy balances economic development with environmental and resources protection

Social embeddedness
Social Embeddedness Systems

  • Human activities are embedded:

    they are shaped by the context in which they occur

Cognitive embeddedness
Cognitive embeddedness Systems

Where do we look for, how actors make decisions

  • The way in which individuals and organisations collect and use information, make sense of their environment

  • Bounded rationality: Assumption of a rational actor model; however, individuals and organisations have limited capacities for information processing and decision-making

  • Systems thinking: No organisation functions in complete isolation; Individuals have different strategies for problem solving

Development strategies
Development strategies Systems

  • The planned project approach: management by industry, government or special organization: by-products sharing and links of utilities

  • The uncovering resource links approach: detection of by-product synergy as illustration for further IS development

  • The anchor tenant approach: links around a big company

  • The co-siting approach: restructuring an industrial site with new companies and IS links

  • The synthesis approach: learning from the approaches above

Industrial ecology journals
Industrial Ecology Journals Systems

  • Journal of Cleaner Production, since 1993

    Special issues on Industrial Ecology since 1995,

    published by Elsevier

  • Journal of Industrial Ecology, since 1997

    Initiative Yale University, first volumes published by MIT Press, currently Wiley & Sons

  • Progress in Industrial Ecology, since 2004,

    Inderscience publishers

Agreement tekniska verken and link ping university
Agreement SystemsTekniska Verken and Linköping University

  • The long term Industrial Ecology Research Programme 2009 – 2019 will contribute to the establishment of the Östergötland region as a leading research, education, and knowledge dissemination centre with respect to clean technology, industrial symbiosis*, waste to energy, and bio fuel applications on a sound economic basis through the results of Ph.D. research and continuous evaluation of sustainability projects in practice


    *Industrial Symbiosis refers to application in industrial parks

Industrial ecology conferences
Industrial Ecology Conferences Systems

  • Gordon Conferences Industrial Ecology, since 1998

  • International Society for Industrial Ecology (ISIE), since 2001, with bi-annual meetings: Noordwijk, Ann Arbor, Stockholm, Toronto, Lisbon

  • Industrial Symbiosis Research Symposium, since 2004: New Haven, Stockholm, Birmingham, Toronto, New London, Kalundborg, (Kawasaki: Nov. 2010)

Industrial ecology research programme
Industrial Ecology Research SystemsProgramme

Towards a 100% Renewable Resources Östergötland

Industrial ecology research programme1
Industrial Ecology Research SystemsProgramme

The Industrial Ecology Research Programme

works within the following research areas:

  • Regional Industrial Symbiosis

  • Renewable resources in Industrial Symbiosis

  • Industrial symbiosis and Large Technical Systems

Resilience model for environmental technology and management
Resilience model for Environmental Systems Technology and Management

Governance and institutions

Metabolism material and energy

Research field

Social and business dynamics

Technical systems and infrastructure

Discussion on the development of a research programme
Discussion on the development of a research programme Systems

Idea Fund provider

Holistic Draft proposal Total

  • Designing Modified proposal - Implementing

  • Expressed in Final proposal - Expressed in Value Business application

    Detail Detail


Planned research projects in 20 10 201 1
Planned SystemsResearch Projects in 2010/2011

  • Greenhouses: utilization of waste heat and CO2

  • Synergies for 1st generation bio-fuels

  • Landfill mining

Ph d candidates related to ierp
Ph.D. candidates, related to IERP Systems

Saeid Hatefi Pour: Mapping Östergötland, Sustainable Norrköping

Carolina Ersson: Bio-fuels synergies

Per Frändegård: Landfill mining

Nils Johansson: Landfill mining

Santiago Mejia Durand: CleanTech and MegaCities

Industrial symbiosis ph d course in april september 2010
Industrial Symbiosis Ph.D. course Systemsin April – September 2010

  • Obligatory and optional readings of scientific articles and a Ph.D.-thesis:

    1 – hour: article presentation + discussion

  • Meeting internationally acknowledged researchers in industrial symbiosis: Marian Chertow, Noel Brings Jacobsen, Leo Baas, Anna Wolf

  • Experiencing Industrial Symbiosis in practice in the region

Levels of industrial ecology activities and information exchange
Levels of Industrial Ecology activities and Information Exchange

  • Regional: Mapping resource flows, bio-fuel synergies, landfill mining, regional excellence centre

  • National: Industrial Ecology in Sweden: a National Expert Conference (22 (?) March 2011)

  • International: Academic visit Prof. Marian Chertow, Yale University (27-30 April, 2010)

    European Industrial Symbiosis Researchers Workshop (26-28 August, 2010)

    20th Greening of Industry Network Conference

    (October 2012)

    Presentations in China, Korea and México in 2010, in Brazil in 2011

From regional efficiency to a sustainable industrial district from a system theory perspective
From regional efficiency to a sustainable industrial district from a 'system theory' perspective