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Our Essential Nature. Fitrah , Iman,tawwakul,sidq & ikhlas. Nature- Fitrah. Surah Al-Tin بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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our essential nature

Our Essential Nature

Fitrah, Iman,tawwakul,sidq &ikhlas

nature fitrah
Nature- Fitrah
  • Surah Al-Tin
  • بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
  • By the fig and the olive (1)And [by] Mount Sinai (2)And [by] this secure city [Makkah], (3)We have certainly created man in the best of stature; (4)Then We return him to the lowest of the low, (5)Except for those who believe and do righteous deeds, for they will have a reward uninterrupted. (6)So what yet causes you to deny the Recompense? (7)Is not Allah the most just of judges? (8)
nature fitrah1
Nature- Fitrah
  • Surah Al-Maida, Aya 7
  • وَاذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّـهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمِيثَاقَهُ الَّذِي وَاثَقَكُم بِهِ إِذْ قُلْتُمْ سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ
  • And remember the favor of Allah upon you and His covenant with which He bound you when you said, "We hear and we obey"; and fear Allah. Indeed, Allah is Knowing of that within the breasts.
  • Surah Al-Imran, Aya 19
  • إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِندَ اللَّـهِ الْإِسْلَامُ ۗ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْعِلْمُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ ۗ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِآيَاتِ اللَّـهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ.
  • Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam. And those who were given the Scripture did not differ except after knowledge had come to them - out of jealous animosity between themselves. And whoever disbelieves in the verses of Allah, then indeed, Allah is swift in [taking] account. 
nature fitrah2
Nature- Fitrah
  • Character:
  • carecter, "symbol marked or branded on the body;“ from Old French caratere "feature, character", from Latin character, from Greek kharakter "engraved mark," also "symbol or imprint on the soul," also "instrument for marking," from kharassein "to engrave, Meaning extended in ancient times by metaphor to "a defining quality.”
reflection
Reflection
  • According to ‘Our essential Nature’ what is the process of character development?
  • How does the author differentiate between Islamic and other creeds?
  • What, according to the chapter, is the reason behind creating objects that represents the divine, and how does Quran criticizes such practices?
nature fitrah3
Nature- Fitrah

SurahJathiyaAya 24

وَقَالُوا مَا هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا نَمُوتُ وَنَحْيَا وَمَا يُهْلِكُنَا إِلَّا الدَّهْرُ ۚ وَمَا لَهُم بِذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ ۖ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَظُنُّونَ

  • SurahSurah Al-AnaamAya 103

لَّا تُدْرِكُهُ الْأَبْصَارُ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الْأَبْصَارَ ۖ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِيرُ

SurahIsraAya 43

سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ عُلُوًّا كَبِيرً

nature fitrah4
Nature- Fitrah
  • Surah Al-AnaamAya 100
  • وَجَعَلُوا لِلَّـهِ شُرَكَاءَ الْجِنَّ وَخَلَقَهُمْ ۖ وَخَرَقُوا لَهُ بَنِينَ وَبَنَاتٍ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۚ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ
  • SurahNahlAya 1
  • أَتَىٰ أَمْرُ اللَّـهِ فَلَا تَسْتَعْجِلُوهُ ۚ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ
covenant of surah al araaf aya 172
Covenant of أَلَسْتُSurah Al-AraafAya 172
  • وَإِذْ أَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِن بَنِي آدَمَ مِن ظُهُورِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ وَأَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ أَلَسْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ ۖ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ ۛ شَهِدْنَا ۛ أَن تَقُولُوا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِنَّا كُنَّا عَنْ هَـٰذَا غَافِلِينَ
  • And (remember) when thy Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their reins, their seed, and made them testify of themselves, (saying): "Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?"- They said: "Yea! We do testify!" (This), lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "Of this we were never mindful"
open book quiz
Open book quiz
  • 1. What are the three kinds of Nafs, explain the role of Nafs Al Ammara, and Nafs Al Lawwama.
  • 2. Explain briefly ayah 4 & 5 of Surah Al-Tin
  • 3. What are the 3 faculties received by human being once a soul is breathed into the body?
  • 4. What is the role of Qalb in relation to RUH and Nafs?
  • 5. According to ‘Our essential Nature’ why do humans feel the need to represent the divine in a physical object?
  • 6. What kind of people think their existence is a mere accident of the forces of nature and time, and what is Quran’s opinion of such people?
  • BONUS: name the surah n ayah no. of Covenan of Alast.
slide10
صلى الله عليه و سلممُحَمَّدٌ
  • What are the two titles God has bestowed upon man?
  • Being a human, what mistakes we make regarding our twin identities?
  • What is intellect and what is the process of its creation?
  • What are the characteristics of intellect?
  • Define Virtues?
  • What is the relationship of Virtues and character ?
slide11
Iman
  • Why did RasulAllah saw use to retreat to the cave ?
  • Why was it so easy for Khadijah to believe in the message immediately?
  • What is the precondition of knowledge of GOD?
  • What kind of fear did the reception of first Revelation initiate in RasulAllah saw?