MAJOR ERAS IN U.S. HISTORY. Reconstruction Period. Civil War Ends - 1865. 13 th Amendment : Abolished slavery in U.S. . 14 th Amendment : everyone citizens regardless of race. 15 th Amendment : everyone can vote regardless of race (except women) .
Spanish-American War (1898) U.S. goes to war with Spain. Gain: Puerto Rico, Cuba, Philippines as a result. Causes: Yellow Journalism, U.S.S. Maine blows up, DeLome letter- calls McKinley “weak”
Theodore Roosevelt: served in the Spanish-American War as a “rough rider”, became President. Environmentalist, Trust-buster, built Panama Canal
Zimmermann Telegram: intercepted telegram from Germany asking Mexico to invade the United States. Another cause for U.S. involvement in WWI.
William Jennings Bryan: prosecuting attorney in the Scopes Monkey Trial. Populist Party candidate. ran for Presidency three times. Lost all three times.
Bank Failures: “run on the banks”. Consumers demanded money, banks invested money in the stock market, couldn’t meet the demands and closed.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): Alliance between U.S., Canada, and western European countries defending themselves against an attack.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954): Reverses Plessy v. Ferguson decision of “Separate But Equal” desegregates schools in the United States.