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MAJOR ERAS IN U.S. HISTORY. Reconstruction Period. Civil War Ends - 1865. 13 th Amendment : Abolished slavery in U.S. . 14 th Amendment : everyone citizens regardless of race. 15 th Amendment : everyone can vote regardless of race (except women) .

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pendleton civil service reform act civil service exam for government jobs jobs based on performance
Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act: civil service exam for government jobs. Jobs based on performance.
slide22

Spanish-American War (1898) U.S. goes to war with Spain. Gain: Puerto Rico, Cuba, Philippines as a result. Causes: Yellow Journalism, U.S.S. Maine blows up, DeLome letter- calls McKinley “weak”

slide24

Theodore Roosevelt: served in the Spanish-American War as a “rough rider”, became President. Environmentalist, Trust-buster, built Panama Canal

slide25
Building Panama Canal: creates shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. Eliminates the need for a two ocean navy.
great migration african americans migrate from the south to the north in the years between the wars
Great Migration: African Americans migrate from the South to the North in the years between the wars.
w e b dubois founded the naacp wanted immediate integration for african americans
W.E.B. Dubois: founded the NAACP, wanted immediate integration for African Americans
18 th amendment prohibition sale consumption manufacturing of alcohol illegal in the united states
18th Amendment: Prohibition, sale, consumption, manufacturing of alcohol illegal in the United States.
slide34
Initiative: citizens can put an issue on the ballot. Referendum: vote on the initiative, recall: remove a corrupt political person
slide36
German Submarine Warfare: Unrestricted sub warfare- sinking of American ships, cause for U.S. involvement in WWI.
slide37

Zimmermann Telegram: intercepted telegram from Germany asking Mexico to invade the United States. Another cause for U.S. involvement in WWI.

slide39
General John J. Pershing: U.S. General went to Mexico to capture Pancho Villa, served U.S. in World War I.
slide42
Wilson’s Fourteen Points: President Wilson’s plan for peace at the end of WWI; including the League of Nations.
slide44
League of Nations: President Wilson plan for an organization to prevent future wars. U.S. refuses to join.
slide48
Social Darwinism: “Survival of the Fittest”. The strongest will survive. Same in business, the strongest businesses will survive.
slide50
Harlem Renaissance: Surge of music, writing and arts by African Americans in Harlem, neighborhood in New York.
henry ford assembly line production makes the automobile affordable to most americans
Henry Ford: Assembly line production. Makes the automobile affordable to most Americans.
assembly line form of production product moves not the worker makes factories more efficient
Assembly Line: form of production, product moves not the worker. Makes factories more efficient.
slide53
Clarence Darrow: Defense attorney for Biology teacher, John Scopes. Accused of teaching the Theory of Evolution.
slide54

William Jennings Bryan: prosecuting attorney in the Scopes Monkey Trial. Populist Party candidate. ran for Presidency three times. Lost all three times.

charles lindbergh aviator who flew across the atlantic in the 1920 s became a national hero
Charles Lindbergh: aviator who flew across the Atlantic in the 1920’s. Became a national hero.
slide58
U.S Tariff Policy: Raised U.S. tariffs to keeps foreign goods out of the United States and promote American goods.
federal reserve policies refuse to put more money in circulation regulates u s banking industry
Federal Reserve Policies: refuse to put more money in circulation. Regulates U.S. banking industry.
slide60

Bank Failures: “run on the banks”. Consumers demanded money, banks invested money in the stock market, couldn’t meet the demands and closed.

slide64
Social Security Administration: create security of the retired, and disabled citizens of the United States.
federal deposit insurance corporation fdic federal government insures bank deposits up to 100 000
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): federal government insures bank deposits up to $100,000.
slide67
Court Packing Scheme: FDR’s plan to pack the Supreme Court to insure the survival of his New Deal programs. Ruled unconstitutional.
slide69
Rise of Fascist Dictators: Hitler, Franco, Mussolini. Failure of democracies in Western Europe led to their rise in popularity.
slide70
Attack on Pearl Harbor: December 7, 1941. Japan attacks the United States. Reason for U.S. entrance into WWII.
slide73
Invasion of Normandy: D-Day (June 6, 1944) Allied invasion of France. Opens western front for the Allies in Europe.
slide75
Food Rationing: conserving resources in the United States during WWII. Food Rationing coupons were used.
japanese internment japanese americans forced to relocation camps after the bombing of pearl harbor
Japanese Internment: Japanese-Americans forced to relocation camps after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
slide81
Atomic Bomb: U.S. drops nuclear bomb over Hiroshima and Nagasaki to end WWII. Controversy forms over use of the bomb.
slide84
Truman Doctrine: plan that U.S. will defend any country resisting Communism. Created due to threat of Communism in Greece and Turkey.
berlin airlift u s and britain fly supplies into berlin after roads are shut down to the city
Berlin Airlift: U.S. and Britain fly supplies into Berlin after roads are shut down to the city.
slide88
Korean War: North Korea invades South Korea. U.S. defends South Korea under the command of General MacArthur.
slide89

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): Alliance between U.S., Canada, and western European countries defending themselves against an attack.

g i bill provides money for college low interest loans for those who serve in the military
G.I. Bill: provides money for college, low interest loans for those who serve in the military.
sputnik i 1957 soviet union launches the first artificial satellite into space
Sputnik I (1957): Soviet Union launches the first artificial satellite into space.
slide95

Brown v. Board of Education (1954): Reverses Plessy v. Ferguson decision of “Separate But Equal” desegregates schools in the United States.

hernandez v texas mexican americans cannot be systematically excluded in practice from juries
Hernandez v. Texas: Mexican Americans cannot be systematically excluded in practice from juries.
slide97
Martin Luther King, Jr. (1968): civil rights activist promoted non-violent resistance. Believed in integration. Assassinated in 1968.
cesar chavez united hispanic farm workers used non violent means of protesting such as boycotts
Cesar Chavez: United Hispanic Farm Workers. Used non-violent means of protesting such as boycotts.
great society programs lbj s programs to end poverty and promote equality in the united states
Great Society Programs: LBJ’s programs to end poverty and promote equality in the United States.
civil rights act 1957 first civil rights act passed by congress primarily dealt with voting rights
Civil Rights Act 1957: first civil rights act passed by Congress. Primarily dealt with voting rights.
voting rights act 1965 outlawed voting rights discrimination in the united states
Voting Rights Act 1965: outlawed voting rights discrimination in the United States.
fall of saigon 1975 u s troops withdraws troops from vietnam south vietnam falls to north vietnam
Fall of Saigon: 1975, U.S. troops withdraws troops from Vietnam. South Vietnam falls to North Vietnam.