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The Caribbean. By: Sharrisse Viltus and Dahlia Seggelin. Cuba, Haiti, and Puerto Rico. Population: 11,241,161 Capital: Havana  Government: Communist State. Population: 9,719,932  Capital: Port-au-Prince  Government: Unitary, semi-presidential republic. The Focused Countries.

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by sharrisse viltus and dahlia seggelin

The Caribbean

By: Sharrisse Viltus and Dahlia Seggelin

cuba haiti and puerto rico

Cuba, Haiti, and Puerto Rico

  • Population: 11,241,161
  • Capital: Havana 
  • Government: Communist State
  • Population: 9,719,932 
  • Capital: Port-au-Prince 
  • Government: Unitary, semi-presidential republic

The Focused Countries

  • Population: 3,706,690 
  • Capital: San Juan 
  • Government: Democracy (within the US Constitutional system
why do they come to the u s

Why do they come to the U.S.?

Corruption- to escape government prosecution -communism

Poverty- to flee from the constant impoverished communities  

Find work- to send money to family back home.

history between cuba puerto rico and the u s

History between Cuba, Puerto Rico and the U.S.

Not only was Cuba a strategic naval location, but it was a key provider of sugar and other goods to the U.S.

After the Spanish-American war, Cuba and Puerto Rico as well as many Latin American countries were annexed by the U.S from Spain with the Treaty of Paris of 1898. 

Cuba became an official independent country in 1902. It was only in February 1959 when Fidel Castro became prime minister did Cuba become a communist state.

cuban immigration

Mostly concentrated in Florida: Key West and Miami

  • The only immigrant group privileged with 'Wet feet, dry feet' policy 
  • Between 1959-2009 
  • The "freedom flights" brought middle and working class Cubans to the U.S. (1965-74)
  • Escape of Fidel Castro (1959-89)

Cuban immigration

eli n gonz lez controversy

In 1997, Elián was among fourteen Cuban immigrants that attempted to sail to Florida. He was the sole survivor and was rescued at the coast of Florida. 

  • In 2000, a custody dispute erupted when his father, in Cuba, wanted his son returned from the relatives in Miami. 
  • In the end, Elián was returned to his father.
  • The way the U.S. gov went about it was controversial

Elián González Controversy 

http://youtu.be/AgaacrxsS4c?t=30s

puerto rican immigration

Puerto Rican Immigration

Emigration from Puerto Rica, 1900-1990

  • Concentrated in New York: New York City
  • Because Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory, all Puerto Ricans are American citizens.
haitian immigration

Haitian Immigration

  • Heavily concentrated in New York: Brooklyn and Queens 
  • Massachusetts: Boston, Brockton, Randolph, Roxbury, Dorchester, and Hyde Park
  • Florida: Miami "Little Haiti" and Palm Beach 
  • In 1981, President Reagan ordered that the Coast Guard interdict (stop and search) all Haitian vessels travelling in the waters between Haiti and the U.S. (Haitians in America)
  • They were further empowered to return any suspicious claimants to Haiti, to their certain punishment, and possible deaths.
stereotypes

 Stereotypes

  • Puerto Ricans are constantly confused with other Latin American cultures, especially Mexican Americans. 
  • Haitians are confused with Jamaicans
  • Cubans smoke Havana cigars and talk about Fidel Castro 
  • All Haitians practice voodoo  
  • Cuban organization: Cuban American National Foundation- Jorge Mas Canosa
  • Haitian organization: Haitian American Leadership organization- Angelo M. Gousse
our sources
Our sources:
  • http://lcw.lehman.edu/lehman/depts/latinampuertorican/latinoweb/PuertoRico/1950s.htm
  • http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Bu-Dr/Cuban-Americans.html
  • http://historyofcuba.com/history/funfacts/guantan.htm
  • http://www.everyculture.com/multi/PaSp/Puerto-Rican-Americans.html 
  • http://pewhispanic.org/files/factsheets/23.pdf
  • http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1989/1/89.01.08.x.html