defense mechanisms n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Defense Mechanisms PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Defense Mechanisms

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Defense Mechanisms - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 110 Views
  • Uploaded on

Defense Mechanisms. Fear: a reaction to an obvious danger Fright: our mental state when we encounter unanticipated fear; surprise; startle Anxiety: the mental state of being preparing for an unknown danger—to protect the ego from fright.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Defense Mechanisms' - keanu


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
defense mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms

Fear: a reaction to an obvious danger

Fright: our mental state when we encounter unanticipated fear; surprise; startle

Anxiety: the mental state of being preparing for an unknown danger—to protect the ego from fright.

But the Pleasure Principle makes all three of these undesirable…

slide2
“If man bases much of his behavior on animal instincts, then these instincts act in such as way as to allow us to seek pleasure and avoid pain. This seeking pleasure and avoiding pain takes energy. However, this energy remains constant in quantity. It can be changed but not destroyed. Energy used to seek pleasure and/or avoid pain, that is thwarted, will emerge in another way or another form.”

Sigmund Freud

slide3
Repression: Ego places conscious painful events into the unconscious to protect itself from the pain associated with it

-Molestation

-Sexual desires unresolved from childhood stages

-Repressed feelings may emerge in disguised forms (jokes, slips of the tongue, or dreams).

reaction formation acting in opposite fashion from unconscious desire
Reaction Formation: Acting in oppositefashion from unconscious desire

-Homosexual impulses countered by “gay bashing”

-Lack of confidence countered by overconfidence

slide5

Projection:Defending against motives, desires, and character traits that you are not willing to recognize in your self by attributing them to others

-“My boss hates me.” (You may really hate him)

-“This teacher stinks.” (You failed the test)

slide6
Rationalization: Interpreting motive and behavior in a way that makes the person look good to self and others

-Unconscious effort to enhance self concept in a threatening position

-Cheating on a test: “Everyone else cheated too” or “That information is not worth taking the time to know anyway.”

regression retreat from a higher level development to an earlier stage
Regression:Retreat from a higher level development to an earlier stage

-A three-year-old with a new sibling “forgets” how to go potty like a big girl

displacement shifting emotion from one person or object to another
Displacement: Shifting emotion from one person or object to another

-Angry at your boyfriend so you speed

-Punished child hits younger sibling

sublimation id urges are redirected by the ego into socially acceptable behaviors
Sublimation: Id urges are redirected by the ego into socially acceptable behaviors

-Art, writing, working out

slide10
Compensation: Emphasizing a strength in another area of your life rather than dealing with an inferiority

-Home life is bad, but the business you own booms

-Single mom spoils child with toys

identification identify with someone you admire and act like them instead of resolving the issue
Identification: Identify with someone you admire and act like them instead of resolving the issue

-The pressure parents may feel to fit a certain “perfect family” image

emotional insulation apathy not allowing yourself to feel the pain any longer
Emotional Insulation:Apathy—not allowing yourself to feel the pain any longer

-Get hurt in a relationship = no more relationships

denial rejecting or refusing to acknowledge an inevitable reality
Denial: rejecting or refusing to acknowledge an inevitable reality

-Couple breaks up, but boyfriend keeps calling

conversion expressing emotional stress through bodily symptoms
Conversion: expressing emotional stress through bodily symptoms

-Child doesn’t want to go to school, so feels “sick”