Defense Mechanisms. Fear: a reaction to an obvious danger Fright: our mental state when we encounter unanticipated fear; surprise; startle Anxiety: the mental state of being preparing for an unknown danger—to protect the ego from fright.
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Fear: a reaction to an obvious danger
Fright: our mental state when we encounter unanticipated fear; surprise; startle
Anxiety: the mental state of being preparing for an unknown danger—to protect the ego from fright.
But the Pleasure Principle makes all three of these undesirable…
-Sexual desires unresolved from childhood stages
-Repressed feelings may emerge in disguised forms (jokes, slips of the tongue, or dreams).
-Homosexual impulses countered by “gay bashing”
-Lack of confidence countered by overconfidence
Projection:Defending against motives, desires, and character traits that you are not willing to recognize in your self by attributing them to others
-“My boss hates me.” (You may really hate him)
-“This teacher stinks.” (You failed the test)
-Unconscious effort to enhance self concept in a threatening position
-Cheating on a test: “Everyone else cheated too” or “That information is not worth taking the time to know anyway.”
-A three-year-old with a new sibling “forgets” how to go potty like a big girl
-Angry at your boyfriend so you speed
-Punished child hits younger sibling
-Art, writing, working out
-Home life is bad, but the business you own booms
-Single mom spoils child with toys
-The pressure parents may feel to fit a certain “perfect family” image
-Get hurt in a relationship = no more relationships
-Flowers after a fight
-Couple breaks up, but boyfriend keeps calling
-Child doesn’t want to go to school, so feels “sick”