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Defense Mechanisms. Defense Mechanisms the ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality Repression the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness

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defense mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms
  • Defense Mechanisms
    • the ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
  • Repression
    • the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness
    • This is why we do not remember our sexual feelings for our parent.
    • It does come out in dream symbols or slips of the tongue.
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Defense Mechanisms
  • Regression
    • defense mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated
    • A new kindergartner may be nervous and start to suck her thumb.
    • College students may wish for the comforts of home.
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Defense Mechanisms
  • Reaction Formation
    • defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites
    • people may express feelings that are the opposite of their anxiety-arousing unconscious feelings
    • In situations where you are timid, you may act daring
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Defense Mechanisms
  • Projection
    • defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others
    • “He doesn’t trust me” means “I don’t trust him”
  • Rationalization
    • defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one’s actions.
    • People who choose to be drink may say they do it “just to be social”
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Defense Mechanisms
  • Displacement
    • defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person
    • as when redirecting anger toward a safer outlet
    • When a kid is angry at a parent, he may kick the family pet
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Sublimation- transformation of unacceptable impulses to socially valued motivations.
  • example- da Vinci’s paintings of Madonna are a sublimation of his longing for an intimate relationship with his mother who left him at an early age.