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Students with. Visual Impairments. Duncan Chaboudy. Special Needs Students. Leaning Disabilities ADHD Emotional Disabilities Speech and Language Disorders Hearing Impairments Visual Impairments Orthopedic and Other Health Impairments Taumatic brain Injury Developmental Disabilities

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students with

Students with

Visual Impairments

Duncan Chaboudy

special needs students
Special Needs Students
  • Leaning Disabilities
  • ADHD
  • Emotional Disabilities
  • Speech and Language Disorders
  • Hearing Impairments
  • Visual Impairments
  • Orthopedic and Other Health Impairments
  • Taumatic brain Injury
  • Developmental Disabilities
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorders/Autism
  • Giftedness
idea definition

IDEA Definition

Visual Impairment Including Blindness means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.

types of visual impairments
Types of Visual Impairments
  • Partially sighted
  • Low vision
  • Legally blind
  • Totally blind
visually impaired under the age of 18
Visually Impaired under the age of 18:
  • Visual Impairment 1%
  • Severe visual impairment .09%
  • Legally Blind 0.1%
characteristics of visual impairment
Characteristics of Visual Impairment
  • Unusual blinking or facial expressions
  • Delayed motor skills and language development
  • Poor peripheral vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Tilting of head
  • Walking Cautiously
early detection by observing play
Early detection by observing play
  • Explore environment less
  • Exhibit less spontaneous play
  • Higher levels of solitary play
  • Reject or are rejected by peers
educational implications
Educational Implications
  • Detect as early as possible
  • Employ proper equipment and modifications to classroom
  • Maximize residual vision
  • Self care and activities for daily living.
curricular adaptations
Curricular Adaptations
  • Provide orientation of school (workstations, exits, etc.)
  • Proper seating
  • Adjustable table tops (prevent fatigue)
  • Paper and writing utensils
  • Lighting
  • Bookmarks and reading slits
  • Walkways and workstations
  • Tell student when you leave return
  • Call student by name
materials tools
Tape recorders


Braille books

Large print books

Talking books

Brailler, slate and stylus

Reading stands

Raised markings on machines

Raised Clock Faces

Braille rulers

Raised line drawing boards



Microscopic and telescopic spectacles


Larger signs

Color coded signs

technology for blind students
Converts print or light patterns to tactile patterns

Attachments for reading what is being typed while typing

Attachments for computer and word processing

Converts text to audio/braille

Technology for Blind Students

Optacon (Optical to Tactile Converter)

Optical Character Recognizer (OCR)

career paths

Career Paths

“People who are blind or visually impaired can perform almost any job you can imagine: lawyer, artist, accountant, secretary, customer service representative, food service worker, factory worker, financial analyst, teacher, medical transcriptionist, day care worker, counselor, computer programmer, cook, salesperson, clerk, and more. We cannot count the number of different jobs people who are blind or visually impaired are engaged in today or will be in the future. The possibilities are tremendous.”

AFB Career Connect


Fletcher, Janice; Parks, A. Lee. (1983). Teaching Students with Special Needs in Secondary and Vocational Programs: Classroom, Building, Equipment and Instructional Modifications and Adaptations. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED242915).

Skellenger, A. C.; Rosenblum, L. P.; Jager, B. K. (1997).

Behaviors of Preschoolers with Visual Impairments in Indoor Play Settings. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, v91 n6 p519-30.

Viisola, Michelle. (1999). Statistics on Children with Visual Impairments. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED432106).

Pierangelo, R., & Giuliani, G. (2001). What every teacher should know about students with

special needs: Promoting success in the classroom. Champaign, IL: Research Press.