ch 18 3 new nations in africa n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16
keagan

Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

244 Views
Download Presentation
Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Ch 18.3 New Nations in Africa After WWII, African leaders threw off colonial rule and created independent countries.

  2. Negritude Movement A movement for African independence that started before World War II. French–speaking Africans and West Indians celebrated their heritage of traditional African culture and values.

  3. Ghana [former British colony]1957 • Revolutionary Leader: Kwame Nkrumah • Nkrumah’s Tactics: • Organized boycotts and strikes • Reforms: • Expensive Health, education, & welfare programs • Dreamed of “United States of Africa” • Problems he faced: • Overthrown by a coup in 1966 • Political & Economic Instability since then

  4. Kwami Nkrumah

  5. President of GhanaPresident John Dramani MAHAMA

  6. Kenya [Former British Colony] 1963 • Tactics used by the Mau-Mau: • Frighten whites & forced them out of the northern highlands • Used guerilla tactics • Kenyatta’s Reforms: • Tried to unite ethnic & language groups • Develop businesses • Resulting Problems: • Civil Unrest under next leader, Daniel arap Moi

  7. MZEE JOMO KENYATTA 1ST PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KENYA

  8. President Uhuru KENYATTA

  9. Zaire, 1960 (Democratic Republic of Congo) • Former colony of Belgium • Gained independence by: Granted suddenly by Belgium • Mobutu’s rule was: Brutal & Corrupt. • Resulting problems: • Depleted resources • Extreme Poverty • Social Unrest; He was overthrown by Laurent Kabila in 1997. Kabila was assassinated in 2001. His son, Joseph Kabila, took power.

  10. Mobutu Sese Seko

  11. Laurent Kabila Joseph Kabila Current

  12. Algeria [Former colony of France] 1962 • Gained independence by: • FLN (Algerian Nat’l Liberation Front) fought against France for their independence. • Ben Bella’s Program • Attempted to form a socialist state but was overthrown by a coup in 1965 • Problems: • Unsuccessful attempts to industrialize • High Unemployment • Rise of Fundamentalist Islamists • Continuing civil unrest

  13. Ahmed Ben Bella

  14. Current President of AlgeriaAbdelaziz Bouteflika “Elected” in 2004 after all other candidates dropped out.

  15. Angola [Former colony of Portugal] 1975 • Gained independence by: Fought against Portugal • Causes of their civil war: • Communist rebel group MPLA declared itself the rightful ruler of independent Angola. They were supported by Cuba & USSR • UNITA rebel group fought against MPLA with support from the USA • Continuing problems: • Civil war continued until 2002.

  16. José Eduardo dos Santos • President of Angola since l979. • His son is Vice President.