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Wagon Trains and Steamboats

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  1. Wagon Trains and Steamboats By Reeves Barr, Maggie Ward, Carrie Wilson, Macey Sutherland, and Mary Conly Hammons

  2. The Wagon • Each wagon cost approximately $400 • The whole trip cost about $1000 • The wagon’s travels close to 2 mph and were pulled by horses, oxen, or mule. • The average trip took up to 5-6 weeks, which was around 2000 miles. • Made of wood, water proofed canvas, and iron • The canvas was linseed with oil stretched over hooped shape slats. • Iron was sparingly used because it would weigh too much. • Only children and elders rode inside of the wagon; others walked or rode horseback.

  3. The Wagon Trains

  4. The Covered Wagon Train in Western Expansion • In 1840 John Bidwell established the Western Emigration Society • Planned to go from Missouri River to California • Tom Fitzpatrick lead the caravan • In 1862 the Homesteads Act was passed • The Act said that a family could settle on 160 acres and live there for five years at the end of five years they were granted the land

  5. Popular trails of Western Expansion

  6. Before Steamboats Before the invention of steamboats, in order to get goods south, people had to send rafts or small flat boats down the Mississippi. The boats would then be sold as fire wood unless they had a rudder they could then make the trek back upstream. Cities were built around rivers.

  7. Steamboats 1787 started the steamboat era in America on the Delaware River by John Fitch. Robert Fulton built the first successful steamboat in 1807 Robert Fulton would come to be known as the “father of steam navigation” because he was recognized for having made the steamboat a economic success. They transported sugar, cotton, passengers, and other important cargo. Steamboats traveled on canals that reached all over the nation to the major manufacturing and trading posts.

  8. Steamboats Early designs of the steamboat

  9. Sources http://www.saveyourheritage.com/images/wagon_train1862.jpg http://www.lovelockmotels.com/Images/coveredwagon.jpg http://simplymarvelous.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/wagon_train-2.jpg http://www.cinemaweb.com/silentfilm/bookshelf/28_rs_4.jpg http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WWwagontrain.htm http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blsteamship.htm http://qwickstep.com/search/steamboating.html http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/westwardexpansion/section5.rhtml