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Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great

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Alexander the Great

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  1. Alexander the Great

  2. Alexander the Great Hellenic Minoans through the death of Alexander the Great Hellenistic Death of Alexander the Great through defeat by Rome

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  5. Alexander the Great • Equipment: • Sirissa • 13 to18 foot two handed counter balanced stabbing spear • Shield • smaller circular arm/shoulder strap supported • Helmet • Breastplate • Sword

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  17. Alexander the Great move down the coast of Ionia and liberate the Greek cities

  18. Alexander the Great • Alexander's Immediate concerns: • fleet not big enough to deal with the Persian fleet at sea, so Alexander has to disable it by concentrating first on the coast and securing all potential Persian naval bases • an army this large (plus ship crews totalling c. 36,000) has to be fed and paid, and their going to have to live off the land their in, so it's important for Alexander to begin his conquests rapidly

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  31. Alexander the Great • Consequences of Gaugamela: • Alexander ruled in the heart of the Persian Empire • took Babylon and Susa without resistance • Persepolis was defended, but Alexander was able to take it, too • Officially, the crusade against Persia was over • considers himself not the leader of the allied Greeks • against Persia, but as the King of Asia • allowed the Greek allies to return home, though many of • them stayed on as mercenaries

  32. Alexander the Great • Alexander planed to continue his conquests • heads toward Ecbatana, where Darius had fled • growing dissension among the ranks • many of Alexander's lieutenants, including Parmenio, • are executed during this period

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  39. Alexander the Great The Return: Constructed a fleet to transport some troops down the Indus Alexander takes part of his forces west by land, leaves the fleet to sail and meet up with him again at the head of the Persian gulf desperate time crossing the Gedrosian desert Spring of 323 back in Babylon

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  41. Alexander the Great • late May Alexander falls ill, and on 10 June dies • possibly long-term effects of alcoholism • possibly malarial fever, which might have developed into leukemia • rumors that Alexander had been poisoned gradually

  42. Alexander the Great Succession: Perdiccas, who by now was Alexander's senior commander, claimed that Alexander gave him his ring shortly before his death, to signify the passing on of imperial authority Among Alexander's reported last words: when asked to whom he left his kingdom, he replied, 'to the strongest'

  43. Alexander the Great most important figures in the struggle for power are: Perdiccas, Alexander's top officer at the time of his death Ptolemy, one of Alexander's generals and related to the royal house Seleucus, commander of the hypaspists Antipater, the regent in Macedonia, and a member of Philip's generation Craterus, who had been sent to replace Antipater Cassander, Antipater's son Lysimachus, one of Alexander's bodyguard Antigonus, satrap of Phrygia, Eumenes of Cardia, Alexander's secretary

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  45. Alexander the Great Succession results: Antigoniddynasty in Macedonia under Antigonus II

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  47. Alexander the Great Succession results: Antigoniddynasty in Macedonia under Antigonus II Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt under Ptolemy II

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  49. Alexander the Great Succession results: Antigoniddynasty in Macedonia under Antigonus II Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt under Ptolemy II Seleucid dynasty in Syria, Mesopotamia, and Iran under Antiochus I

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