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CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN MOZAMBIQUE: Problems, Challenges and Opportunities Bratislava, 21-23 November 2005. UNDP Mozambique. Country context Factors influencing Capacity Development Changing environment: Capacity Development in PRSP/DBS,
CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN MOZAMBIQUE: Problems, Challenges and Opportunities
Bratislava, 21-23 November 2005
Structural Adjustment Programs
Recently massive inflows of FDI, large projects (aluminum smelter, gas pipeline)
One of the highest growth rates in Africa 7%, but not broad based.
One of the poorest LDCs with GDP per capita US$374 (2005)
HDI rank 168th out f 177 (UNDP 2005)Country context – cont.
Brain Drain to the North especially Portugal and North America,
Depletion of human resource by HIV/AIDS,
New Job profiles/demands,
Poor physical and social infrastructure,
Other constraints (logistical, institutional and incentives).
New Aid modalitiesFactors influencing HD in Mozambique.
Emerging CSOs & private sector pressures;
1st PRSP (2000) with the advent of DBS environment:
HIPC, highly dependent country (about 50% of budget externally sourced)
Strong donor presence…capacity development?Changing environment
Poverty & Macroeconomic stability
Capacity building for
poverty reduction &
Cross cutting issues
At central & decentral govt levels as well as in public institutions with Components:
Public service provision,
Policy formulation & monitoring,
Professionalization of civil servants,
Public Finance Management,
Good governance & combating corruption.
No overall reduction of size of civil servants,
Salary increases for high qualified staff to compete with donors and private sectors.Public Sector Reform in Moz.
Local govt reform;
Support to Civil Service Training System;
Support to Functional Analysis & Restructuring of Ministry of State Administration.
Decentralised Planning & Finance;
Support to: Justice Sector, Parliament, Police, Media, ICT for Develop.;
Participatory design, training & dissemination of an M&E system, Mainstreaming cross-cutting issues in Central & Decentral Policies & Institutions.UNDP in the context of PSR
Moz remains one of the best African Peace Keeping & Strengthening experiences.
UNDP acted as policy catalyst, coach & advocate in the process. It became less project focused, less operational & less interventionist;
It focused more on consensus-building, facilitation, generator, demonstrator & modeler of new ideas in support of capacity building.Lessons & Experiences
Changing environment vs short term capacity needs (quick fix and gap filling);
How to retain qualified nationals in the public sector in light of donors and private sector competitive incentive schemes?
What kind of incentives need are to be addressed within PSR?
How best to address local personnel gaps in light of a DBS environment?Challenges & Questions