Bangladesh:. Development and political economy Link to map. Recap:Turning points in History. 1952 – Language revolution 1971 march – Beginning of the Liberation War
Link to map
1971-5: The Mujib era. This is the formative period, associated with a strong nationalist and statist fervour, with Mujibur Rahman and his party Awami League in power;
1977-81: The Zia regime. This is the beginning of military rule in Bangladesh, marked by the adoption of Islam in the constitution;
1982-91:The Ershad regime. Military rule, and declaration of Islam as state religion;
1991-6: the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) regime, with Khaleda Zia as Prime Minister;
1996-2000: The second Awami League regime, with Sheik Hasina as leader;
2001-6: Coalition government headed by the BNP
2006-9: Caretaker government, postponement of elections, declaration of a state of Emergency and political violence
2009: The third Awami League regime, with Sheik Hasina as leader
On the one hand, it affirms the power of popular discontent and the eventual vulnerability of a minority elite, however powerful, to such discontent.
On the other hand, it suggests the irony that states may well reproduce processes of exclusion which they themselves are born out of.
Structural inequality does not affect people as individuals but as collective entities who share similar structural locations that similarly condition their opportunities and life-chances and their ability to act as agents. It is in this sense we argue that collectivities such as gender, race, ethnicity or class are best understood as structural. The structural locations shared by these collectivities are engendered through historical processes and reflect the intersection of the realms of economics, politics, culture and knowledge.
intermingling of several distinct historical forms: