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History and Core Concepts of Cognitive Linguistics. Laura A. Janda laura.janda @ uit.no. Eleanor Rosch ( Psychology ): Structure of human cognitive categories. Showed that human cognitive categories are not Aristotelian categories , but instead have: Prototypes

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history and core concepts of cognitive linguistics

Historyand CoreConceptsofCognitiveLinguistics

Laura A. Janda

laura.janda@uit.no

eleanor rosch psychology structure of human cognitive categories
Eleanor Rosch (Psychology):Structureof human cognitivecategories
  • Showedthat human cognitivecategoriesare not Aristoteliancategories, butinstead have:
    • Prototypes
    • Radial structureofcategories
  • Confirmed for structureofexistingcategories (fruits & vegetables), for buildingofnewcategories (color), and for inferencing (birds)
  • Inspiredmanyworks in linguisticsthatlaidthegroundwork for cognitivelinguistics
    • Fillmore, Kay, McDaniel, Coleman, Lakoff

(Rosch1973a-b, 1978; Mervis and Rosch1981)

early works in linguistics inspired by rosch
Earlyworks in linguisticsinspired by Rosch
  • Fillmore 1975, 1978, 1982:
    • questions necessary & sufficient features for describing meaning >> replace by radial categories/frame semantics
  • Kay and McDaniel 1978
    • On the linguistic significance of the meanings of basic color terms
  • Coleman and Kay 1981
    • English lie as a protoype (+falsehood is actually the least predictive “feature”)
  • Lakoff 1977
    • Linguistic gestalts
other precursors of cognitive linguistics
Otherprecursorsofcognitivelinguistics
  • Lakoff & Johnson 1980: Metaphors We Live By
    • Ubiquity of metaphor – not just a literary device
  • Lindner 1981: UP and OUT
    • structured polysemy of grammatical morphemes, metaphor
  • Casad 1982: Cora locationals
    • spatial relations and theirextensions
  • Fauconnier 1985: Mental Spaces
    • IdealizedCognitive Model as alternative to “possibleworlds” – a situationmay hold true for a mental spacebut not for reality
  • Lakoff1987: Women, Fire and Dangerous Things
    • radial categorystructureoflinguistic units
  • Brugman 1988: Story ofOVER
    • polysemy, semantics, and thestructureofthelexicon
no single guru but langacker stands out
No single “guru”, butLangacker stands out

Foundations ofCognitiveGrammar(1987, 1991)

Concept, Image, and Symbol: The Cognitive Basis ofGrammar(1990)

Grammar and Conceptualization(1999)

CognitiveGrammar. A Basic Introduction(2008)

  • Construal
  • Profiling
  • SymbolicStructures and SymbolicAssemblies
  • Elaboration
  • Subjectification
some other major players
Someother major players
  • Croft: Radical Construction Grammar, Verbal aspect
  • Dabrowska: Acquisition (chunking), non-uniform grammars
  • Geeraerts: Sociolinguisticvariation, historicalchange
  • Goldberg: Construction grammar
  • Talmy: Fictive motion, limits ofgrammaticalexpression(topological vs. Euclidean), sattelite vs. verb framing
  • Taylor: Linguisticcategorization, possession
  • Tomasello: Verb-islandhypothesis, joint attention, languageevolution
  • Turner: Blending
icla conferences
ICLA conferences
  • Duisburg, Germany 1989
  • Santa Cruz, CA 1991
  • Leuven, Belgium 1993
  • Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1995
  • Amsterdam, Netherlands 1997
  • Stockholm, Sweden 1999
  • Santa Barbara, CA 2001
  • La Rioja, Spain 2003
  • Seoul, Korea 2005
  • Krakow, Poland 2007
  • Xi’an, China 2011
  • Edmonton, Alberta, Canada 2013
slide8
“Tier I” (Nivå 2) International journal since 1989… Currently edited by Ewa Dąbrowska (Sheffield U)