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Question. 1, Page 1-11. A fiberglass hull is composed of _____ saturated with _____. Layers of fiberglass strands and/or mat and/or woven cloth Resin. Question. 3, Page 1-11. The two types of resins used in fiberglass construction are _____ and _____. Epoxy Polyester .

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question 1 page 1 11
Question. 1, Page 1-11
  • A fiberglass hull is composed of _____ saturated with _____.
    • Layers of fiberglass strands and/or mat and/or woven cloth
    • Resin
question 3 page 1 11
Question. 3, Page 1-11
  • The two types of resins used in fiberglass construction are _____ and _____.
    • Epoxy
    • Polyester
question 5 page 1 11
Question. 5, Page 1-11
  • A male mold is known as a _____
    • plug
question 7 page 1 11
Question. 7, Page 1-11
  • The hand-lay up or chopped-strand processes are used in a _____.
    • cavity mold
question 9 page 1 11
Question. 9, Page 1-11
  • In the matched-die method the _____ are clamped together with _____.
    • The male and female molds
    • A laminate in between
question 11 page 1 11
Question. 11, Page 1-11
  • List the advantages of fiberglass-built boats.
    • no rot or marine worms
    • no seams
    • integral colors
    • strong
    • easy to mold
question 13 page 1 12
Question. 13, Page 1-12
  • What are the two general classes of wood?
    • hardwood, softwood
question 15 page 1 12
Question. 15, Page 1-12
  • List the advantages of steel for boat building.
    • highest strength-to-weight ratio
    • less noisy than all but wood
    • fire resistant
question 17 page 1 12
Question. 17, Page 1-12
  • Why must you put a layer of non-metallic paint between the hull of an aluminum boat and a layer of copper bottom paint?
    • To protect against electrolysis
question 19 page 1 12
Question. 19, Page 1-12
  • List the disadvantages of aluminum for boat building.
    • heat conductor
    • noisy
question 21 page 1 13
Question. 21, Page 1-13
  • The simplest steering system is the _____.
    • tiller
question 23 page 1 13
Question. 23, Page 1-13 ‘
  • The outward curvature of the sides of the boat near the bow that is used to keep the deck drier is called the _____
  • Flare
question 25 page 1 13
Question. 25, Page 1-13
  • What is the difference between a displacement and a planing hull?
    • displacement displaces water
    • planing rides on top of water
question 27 page 1 13
Question. 27, Page 1-13
  • What is the difference between a trunk cabin and a raised deck cabin?
    • Trunk cabin is above deck but does not extend to the deck edge;
    • raised deck cabin does extend to the deck edge.
question 29 page 1 13
Question. 29, Page 1-13
  • The use of two or more materials in the hull of a vessel is known as _____ construction.
    • composite
question 31 page 1 14
Question. 31, Page 1-14
  • The spoke of a steering wheel that is vertical when the rudderis exactly centered is the _____ spoke.
    • king
question 33 page 1 14
Question. 33, Page 1-14
  • Describe the characteristics of the following sailboat types:
  • Cat boat :
    • one mast and sail
  • Sloop :
    • one mast with main and jib
  • Ketch :
    • two masts with aft one forward of rudder post
  • yawl :
    • two masts with aft one behind rudder post
  • Schooner :
    • two or more masts with all equal in height or the after one highest
question 1 page 2 11
Question. 1, Page 2-11
  • What is the proper way to block up a hull?
    • Weight of boat to rest on keel supported by blocks spaced every 5 feet.
question 3 page 2 11
Question. 3, Page 2-11
  • List the lay-up chores that must be done after the the boat is hauled out.
    • 1. Proper blocking of the hull.
    • 2. The weight of the boat should rest on the keel which should rest on blocks to allow ventilation of the bottom of the keel.
    • 3. The blocks should be high enough so you can get to the bottom of the keel to perform maintenance.
    • 4. Keep water line level.
    • 5. Storing on trailer requires the same procedures.
question 3 continued
Question. 3 continued
  • List the lay-up chores that must be done after the the boat is hauled out (continued)
    • 6. Clean bottom of growths and marine life.
    • 7. Drain and winterize.
    • 8. Fill fuel tanks and use stabilizing compound.
    • 9. Drain the bilge, change engine oil and filter.
    • 10. Remove and store battery.
    • 11. Take out everything movable.
question 5 page 2 11
Question. 5, Page 2-11
  • The two types of marine growth are _____ and _____.
    • Vegetable
    • Animal
question 7 page 2 11
Question. 7, Page 2-11
  • How does copper protect a boat's hull?
    • Copper in salt water gives off poisonous salts.
question 9 page 2 11
Question. 9, Page 2-11
  • What causes dry rot?
    • Fungus that thrives in fresh water.
question 11 page 2 12
Question. 11, Page 2-12
  • List some of the places to look for dry rot in a wooden boat.
    • Dark damp places.
    • Check out areas where fresh water can enter in the form of rain or condensation.
question 13 page 2 12
Question. 13, Page 2-12
  • How can you prevent dry rot?
    • Keep fresh water out and stop it from collecting.
question 15 page 2 12
Question. 15, Page 2-12
  • Current will flow from the _____ metal to the _____ metal during galvanic action.
    • Less noble
    • More noble
question 17 incorrectly shown as 16 in guide page 2 12
Question. 17 (incorrectly shown as 16 in Guide), Page 2-12
  • How can you prevent electrolytic action?
    • Eliminate stray electrical currents.
question 19 incorrectly shown as 18 in guide page 2 12
Question. 19 (incorrectly shown as 18 in Guide), Page 2-12
  • How does the stuffing box work?.
    • It holds rings of packing material that are squeezed around the shaft, preventing water from entering the boat.
question 1 page 3 17
Question. 1, Page 3-17
  • In the spark ignition engine, fuel and air are mixed in the _____.
    • Carburetor
question 3 page 3 17
Question. 3, Page 3-17
  • What ignites the fuel in a diesel engine?
    • Heat of compression
question 5 page 3 17
Question. 5, Page 3-17
  • List the operations performed by each of the two stokes of a two stroke cycle engine.
    • Compression
    • Power
question 7 page 3 17
Question. 7, Page 3-17
  • List the main working parts of the power system that transmit power from the cylinders to the drive shaft.
    • Pistons,
    • Connecting rods,
    • Crankshaft
question 9 page 3 17
Question. 9, Page 3-17
  • The _____ is designed to change rotary to intermittent reciprocating motion to open the valves.
    • Crankshaft
question 11 page 3 18
Question. 11, Page 3-18
  • Marine engines are cooled by _____.
    • Water
question 13 page 3 18
Question. 13, Page 3-18
  • In the gasoline engine, the ratio of the fuel to air mixture is controlled by the _____.
    • Carburetor
question 15 page 3 18
Question. 15, Page 3-18
  • What is a lean mixture?
    • a low % of gas vapor
question 17 page 3 18
Question. 17, Page 3-18
  • A typical ignition system of a gasoline engine consists of _____, _____, _____, _____ , _____ and ______.
    • Ignition coil,
    • Mechanical breaker (ignition points)
    • Condenser,
    • Distributor,
    • Spark plug in each cylinder,
    • Necessary wiring
question 19 page 3 19
Question. 19, Page 3-19
  • List the components in the secondary ignition circuit of a gasoline engine. _____, _____ , ______ and _______.
    • Ignition coil,
    • Distributor,
    • Spark plugs
    • Necessary wire
question 1 page 4 12
Question. 1, Page 4-12
  • The two types of natural fiber rope generally available in marine supply stores are _____ and _____.
    • Manila,
    • cotton
question 3 page 4 12
Question. 3, Page 4-12
  • Manila line will _____ if stored wet.
    • Deteriorate
question 5 page4 12
Question. 5, Page4-12
  • The four types of synthetic line in common use today are: _____, _____, _____, _____.
    • Nylon,
    • Dacron (polyester),
    • Polypropylene,
    • Polyethylene
question 7 page 4 12
Question. 7, Page 4-12
  • Why is nylon dangerous at times?
    • Because of its elasticity and "snap back";
question 9 page 4 12
Question. 9, Page 4-12
  • Dacron differs from Nylon line in that it is not _____.
    • as elastic
question 11 page 4 12
Question. 11, Page 4-12
  • Why is fiber used in the core of some wire ropes?
    • To give it flexibility and to cushion the wire strands
question 13 page 4 13
Question. 13, Page 4-13
  • List the ten rules for the proper care of line.
    • 1. Do not overload your line
    • 2. Avoid sudden strains
    • 3. Always keep it clean
    • 4. Keep away from all chemicals
    • 5. Avoid kinks in your lines
    • 6. Protect line against abrasion
    • 7. Store properly
    • 8. Always match line to use
    • 9. Avoid excessive wear
    • 10. Do not run over sharp angles
question 15 page 4 13
Question. 15, Page 4-13
  • To temporarily join two lines of different diameters, you would use a _____.
    • Sheet bend
question 17 page 4 13
Question. 17, Page 4-13
  • A _____ is used when a temporary loop is desired.
    • Bowline
question 19 page 4 13
Question. 19, Page 4-13
  • To secure a line to a piling, on a long term basis, the safest fastening to use would be a _____.
    • Round turn with two half hitches
question 21 page 4 14
Question. 21, Page 4-14
  • When laying a long line down on a deck, where the full length mustbe run out fairly rapidly, the line should be _____.
    • Faked
question 23 page 4 14
Question. 23, Page 4-14
  • A _____ will cause less reduction in line strength than any _____.
    • Splice,
    • Knot
question 25 page 4 14
Question. 25, Page 4-14
  • Make an eye splice
    • This is a demonstration, therefore no answer can be given. Can you make an eye splice?
question 1 page 5 4
Question. 1, Page 5-4
  • The part of the current that flows into the propeller is called _____ _____ _____.
    • Suction Screw Current
question 3 page 5 4
Question. 3, Page 5-4
  • On a motorboat, turning the steering wheel to starboard gives the boat _____ rudder and throws the stern to _____ and turns the boat to _____ .
    • Right,
    • port,
    • starboard
question 5 page 5 4
Question. 5, Page 5-4
  • When a boat's rudder is put over, the stern is kicked ____________________.
    • away from the direction in which the rudder moves
question 7 page 5 4
Question. 7, Page 5-4
  • Three mooring lines that may be attached to the bow of a boat for dock mooring are ______, _____ and ________.
    • Bow line,
    • breast line,
    • after bow spring line
question 9 page 5 4
Question. 9, Page 5-4
  • The mooring line that keeps the boat from going ahead is the _____.
    • After bow spring line
question 11 page 5 5
Question. 11, Page 5-5
  • Getting away from the dock, when the boat is being set into it by the wind, generally requires using an _____ _____ _____ ______.
    • After bow spring line
question 13 page 5 5
Question. 13, Page 5-5
  • A forward quarter spring line leads forward from the _____ to the _____.
    • Boat’s stern,
    • Dock
question 15 page 5 5
Question. 15, Page 5-5
  • By going ahead on one engine while the other reverses, a twin screw boat can be _____ .
    • Turned in its own length
question 1 page 6 13
Question. 1, Page 6-13
  • The height of a wave is the distance measured vertically from the _____ to the _____
    • Trough,
    • crest
question 3 page 6 13
Question. 3, Page 6-13
  • The time it takes two wave crests to pass the same point is known as the _____ .
    • Period
question 5 page 6 13
Question. 5, Page 6-13
  • The angular measurement from the trough to the crest of a wave is the_____
    • Slope
question 7 page 6 13
Question. 7, Page 6-13
  • What is swell?
    • Waves generated by wind that continue after the wind has died
question 9 page 6 13
Question. 9, Page 6-13
  • The two types of breaking waves and surf are _____ and _____
    • Plungers,rollers
question 11 page 6 13
Question. 11, Page 6-13
  • List three ways that a dangerous cross sea can develop.
    • Tidal currents,
    • two angling wave systems,
    • sudden wind shifts
question 13 page 6 14
Question. 13, Page 6-14
  • A boat with a _____ will be greatly affected by a strong current
    • Deep draft
question 15 page 6 14
Question. 15, Page 6-14
  • When running before the seas, if possible, the boat should be maintained on the _____ ______ of the wave.
    • Back side
question 17 page 6 14
Question. 17, Page 6-14
  • List the steps to prepare for rough weather.
    • Secure all hatches; close all ports and windows
    • Pump the bilges dry and repeat this action as often as required. (Free water
    • in bilges adversely affects the craft's stability.)
    • Secure all loose gear; put away small items and lash down the large ones
    • Break out life preservers and have all on board wear them if the situation worsens; don't wait too long.
list the steps to prepare for rough weather continued
List the steps to prepare for rough weather (continued)
  • Break out emergency gear that might be needed, such as hand pumps or bailers, sea anchor, etc
  • Get a good check of your position if possible and update your chart.
  • Prepare plans for altering course to a protected harbor or sheltered waters if necessary
  • Reassure your crew and guests; instruct them in what to do and not to do; give them something to do if possible to take their minds off the situation.
question 19 page 6 14
Question. 19, Page 6-14
  • List some of the items you can use to make an emergency sea anchor in the absence of a ready-made one.
    • A bucket, A basket, A wide board, A swamped dinghy
question 21 page 6 15
Question. 21, Page 6-15
  • If conditions get really bad, slow down and hold your bow at an angle of about _____ degrees to the sea.
    • 45
question 23 page 6 15
Question. 23, Page 6-15
  • In a head sea, a vessel with too much weight aft will tend to _____ .
    • Fall off
question 25 page 6 15
Question. 25, Page 6-15
  • When a vessel runs down a steep wave, buries her bow, and the next crest throws her stern over, she has _____ .
    • Pitchpoled
question 27 page 6 15
Question. 27, Page 6-15
  • The primary needs of safety in fog or other conditions of reduced visibility are to see and be seen, and to _____ and be _____ .
    • Hear,
    • heard
question 1 page 7 13
Question. 1, Page 7-13
  • To assist in righting a sailboat, the crew should _____ and ____________.
    • Haul in the sails,
    • Stand on the keel and hold on the gunwale
question 3 page 7 13
Question. 3, Page 7-13
  • What could happen if you throw the engine immediately into reverse upon going aground?
    • Propeller could suck up sand and deposit it under the boat
question 5 page 7 13
Question. 5, Page 7-13
  • How you make an approach to a stranded boat depends on the _____ and _____ .
    • Wind,
    • Current
question 7 page 7 13
Question. 7, Page 7-13
  • If a stranded boat is held in place by suction, how can that suction be broken?
    • Crew moves from side to side, front to back, to rock the boat
question 9 page 7 13
Question. 9, Page 7-13
  • When assisting a burning vessel, _____ is essential.
    • Speed
question 11 page 7 14
Question. 11, Page 7-14
  • A Class A fire consists of _____ and _____ should be used to extinguish it .
    • Ordinary combustibles,
    • Water
question 13 page 7 14
Question. 13, Page 7-14
  • A Class C fire takes place in _____ and _____, _____,or _____ should be used to extinguish it .
    • Electrical equipment, CO2,Halon, Dry chemical
question 15 page 7 14
Question. 15, Page 7-14
  • Plugs and patches are most effective when applied to the _____ of the hull.
    • Outside
question 17 page 7 14
Question. 17, Page 7-14
  • The anchor that is set out immediately on grounding is called a _____; the act of using it to get the boat free is called _____ .
    • Kedge,
    • kedging
question 19 page 7 14
Question. 19, Page 7-14
  • If a fire takes place in a relatively confined space, you should close _____ to keep _____ from feeding the flames .
    • hatches, Doors, Vents and ports; Oxygen
question 1 page 8 5
Question. 1, Page 8-5
  • The U.S. Inland Navigation Rules are applicable inside the _____separating the inland and international waters .
    • Demarcation lines
question 3 page 8 5
Question. 3, Page 8-5
  • A sailing vessel using both sail and engine simultaneously is a _____ _____ vessel for the purpose of the Navigation Rules.
    • Power-driven
question 5 page 8 5
Question. 5, Page 8-5
  • Side lights show an unbroken arc of the horizon of _____ degrees, from dead ahead to _____ degrees abaft the beam on each side.
    • 225,
    • 22 1/2
question 7 page 8 5
Question. 7, Page 8-5
  • Small boats propelled by oars may show the lights of a _____ or have handy an _____ _____ or _____ _____ to show to prevent collision .
    • Sailboats, Electric flashlight, Lighted lantern
question 9 page 8 5
Question. 9, Page 8-5
  • At night, a vessel not under command will show _____ vertically spaced where
    • they can be best seen
    • Two red all-round lights
question 11 page 8 6
Question. 11, Page 8-6
  • A short blast is a blast of about _____ duration .
    • One second
question 13 page 8 6
Question. 13, Page 8-6
  • The state of visibility, traffic density, your vessel's maneuverability, and the state of wind, sea and current conditions are factors in determining _____ _____ .
    • Safe speed
question 15 page 8 6
Question. 15, Page 8-6
  • The Navigation Rules recognize three types of encounters between two approaching vessels - _____ , _____ , and _____ .
    • Meeting, Crossing,Overtaking
question 17 page 8 6
Question. 17, Page 8-6
  • Under Inland Rules, 2 short blasts mean I intend to leave you on my _____ side
    • Starboard
question 19 page 8 6
Question. 19, Page 8-6
  • Under Inland Rules, in a crossing situation, the vessel which has the other on own _____ side is the give way vessel and must keep out of the way of the other.
    • Starboard
question 21 page 8 6
Question. 21, Page 8-6
  • When two sailing vessels are approaching one another so as to involve the risk of collision and both have the wind on the same side, the vessel which is to _____ shall keep out of the way of the vessel which is to _____ .
    • Windward, Leeward
question 23 page 8 7
Question. 23, Page 8-7
  • In an area of restricted visibility, a vessel at anchor must, at intervals of not more than _____ , ring the bell rapidly for about _____ .
    • One minute,
    • Five seconds
question 1 page 9 3
Question. 1, Page 9-3
  • The lightweight type anchor is excellent in _____ and _____ bottoms
    • Mud,
    • Sand
question 3 page 9 3
Question. 3, Page 9-3
  • The most widely used material for the anchor line is _____
    • Nylon
question 5 page 9 3
Question. 5, Page 9-3
  • Chain is designated by the _____ of the material in the links
    • Diameter
question 7 page 9 3
Question. 7, Page 9-3
  • When anchoring under favorable weather and sea conditions, and using nylon line a scope of _____ might be considered a minimum.
    • 5:1
question 9 page 9 3
Question. 9, Page 9-3
  • If an anchor drags, the first step in trying to get it to hold is to:
    • Let out more scope
question 11 page 9 3
Question. 11, Page 9-3
  • The type anchor traditionally used for permanent moorings is the _____.
    • Mushroom
question 1 page 10 6
Question. 1, Page 10-6
  • Name two duties of a deck hand.
    • Line handling, Fender stowing
question 3 page 10 6
Question. 3, Page 10-6
  • The crewman who takes care of the engines is called the _____ .
    • Engineer
question 5 page 10 6
Question. 5, Page 10-6
  • As a lookout, you are responsible for your _____ .
    • Sector
question 7 page 10 6
Question. 7, Page 10-6
  • Do you look directly on the horizon for night scanning?
    • No
question 9 page 10 6
Question. 9, Page 10-6
  • You must remain on lookout until _____ .
    • Relieved
question 11 page 10 6
Question. 11, Page 10-6
  • Lookouts, in fog, rely to a great extent on _____ .
    • Their ears
question 13 page 10 6
Question. 13, Page 10-6
  • The helmsman will _____ all commands
    • Repeat
question 15 page 10 7
Question. 15, Page 10-7
  • Radar is _____ of lookout .
    • Another form
question 17 page 10 7
Question. 17, Page 10-7
  • The tow watch must not stand in line with the _____ in case it _____ .
    • Tow line, Snaps back
question 19 page 10 7
Question. 19, Page 10-7
  • When anchoring near other boats check for _____ .
    • Clearance
question 21 page 10 7
Question. 21, Page 10-7
  • What is a holding tank?
    • A tank that holds the effluent from the toilet
question 23 page 10 7
Question. 23, Page 10-7
  • Remove your cap when in the _____ of a commissioned Coast Guard Vessel.
    • Wardroom
question 2 page 1 11
Question. 2, Page 1-11
  • List the four types of fiberglass reinforcing materials:
    • Mat, Cloth, Woven roving,
    • Chopped strands
question 4 page 1 11
Question. 4, Page 1-11
  • There are many substances added to boat building resins. They are used to _____, _____, and to _____
    • Harden them, Control curing time, Make them fire retardant
question 6 page 1 11
Question. 6, Page 1-11
  • A female mold is known as a _____ .
    • Cavity mold
question 8 page 1 11
Question. 8, Page 1-11
  • In the hand-layup and chopped-strand processes, the _____ is applied to the inside of the mold first.
    • Gel coat
question 10 page 1 11
Question. 10, Page 1-11
  • What core materials are used in sandwich construction? ____ ____ ____
    • Balsa, Foamed plastics,Plywood
question 12 page 1 12
Question. 12, Page 1-12
  • List the disadvantages of fiberglass-built boats. _____ _____
    • Heavier than water, Easy to cover shoddy workmanship
question 14 page 1 12
Question. 14, Page 1-12
  • What are the principal considerations in the selection of various types of wood for boat building? _____ _____ _____
    • Strength, Decay resistance, Availability
question 16 page 1 12
Question. 16, Page 1-12
  • The disadvantage of steel for boat-building is ________
    • Quick deterioration without proper maintenance
question 18 page 1 12
Question. 18, Page 1-12
  • List the advantages of aluminum for boat-building. _____ _____
    • Light weight, Impervious to borers
question 20 page 1 12
Question. 20, Page 1-12
  • The six types of steering systems are:
    • Tiller, Drum and cable. Rack and pinionSprocket and chain, Gear and shaft, Hydraulic
question 22 page 1 13
Question. 22, Page 1-13
  • The curve or sweep of the deck of a vessel when viewed side is the _____ .
    • Sheer
question 24 page 1 13
Question. 24, Page 1-13
  • What are the three basic shapes of the bottom of the boat? ____ ____ ____
    • Round, Flat, Vee
question 26 page 1 13
Question. 26, Page 1-13
  • A timber fastened along the top of the keel is called the: ____
    • Keelson
question 28 page 1 13
Question. 28, Page 1-13
  • What are the limber holes and what purpose do they serve?
    • Holes cut in the frames, next to keel, to allow water to flow to lowest point
question 30 page 1 13
Question. 30, Page 1-13
  • The portion of the exterior hull at the waterline is called the _____ top.
    • Boot
question 32 page 1 14
Question. 32, Page 1-14
  • The transverse seats in rowing craft are called _____ the center of which is supported by the _____.
    • Thwarts, Thwart stanchion
question 34 page 1 14
Question. 34, Page 1-14
  • The gross tonnage of a vessel is _____
    • The total enclosed space calculated in terms of tons of 100 cubic feet each
question 2 page 2 11
Question. 2, Page 2-11
  • Why shouldn't you allow the weight of the boat to rest on the shoring?
    • Could damage hull
question 4 page 2 11
Question. 4, Page 2-11
  • What is the purpose of allowing the boat to ventilate when it is laid up?
    • Prevent condensation and foul smell or dry rot
question 6 page 2 11
Question. 6, Page 2-11
  • What are the two things that can happen to a wooden boat that is not protected against marine growths?
    • Performance can be reduced, hull can be weakened or destroyed
question 8 page 2 11
Question. 8, Page 2-11
  • What should you consider when selecting a bottom paint for your boat?
    • Other metals in boat that will be influenced by paint
question 10 page 2 11
Question. 10, Page 2-11
  • A first indication of dry rot is _____ .
    • Its smell
question 12 page 2 12
Question. 12, Page 2-12
  • When dry rot is found, it must be_____ .
    • Removed
question 14 page 2 12
Question. 14, Page 2-12
  • What is the difference between galvanic action and electrolytic action?
    • Galvanic action is caused by two dissimilar metals placed in salt water; electrolytic action is caused by an external current
question 16 text is numbered 15 erroneously page 2 12
Question. 16 (text is numbered 15 erroneously), Page 2-12
  • What is the principle of using a sacrificial metal to minimize the effect of galvanic action?
    • The sacrificial metal will be corroded rather than the hull's metal
question 18 text is numbered 17 erroneously page 2 12
Question. 18 (text is numbered 17 erroneously), Page 2-12
  • The shaft train is made up of _____, _____, _____, _____, and _____ .
    • Shaft log, Shaft, Strut, Strut bearing, Propeller
question 20 text is numbered 19 erroneously page 2 12
Question. 20 (text is numbered 19 erroneously), Page 2-12
  • The strut bearing relies on _____ for lubrication .
    • Water
question 2 page 3 17
Question. 2, Page 3-17
  • The fuel in a diesel engine is _____ into the cylinder.
    • Injected
question 4 page 3 17
Question. 4, Page 3-17
  • List the operations performed by each of the four strokes of a four stroke engine: 1. _____ 2. _____ 3. _____ 4. _____
    • Intake, Compression, Power, Exhaust
question 6 page 3 17
Question. 6, Page 3-17
  • The exhaust valve is open at the bottom of the _____stroke on a 2-stroke
    • Engine.
    • Power
question 8 page 3 17
Question. 8, Page 3-17
  • The valves are opened by _____
    • Action of camshaft
question 10 page 3 18
Question. 10, Page 3-18
  • The lubricating system in an internal combustion engine delivers oil to the moving parts to _____ and to _____.
    • Reduce friction,
    • Assist in keeping them cool
question 12 page 3 18
Question. 12, Page 3-18
  • What are the parts of the induction (fuel) system of a gasoline engine? _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
    • Fuel tank, Fuel pump, Carburetor, necessaryFuel lines, Air passages
question 14 page 3 18
Question. 14, Page 3-18
  • What is a rich mixture in a gasoline engine?
    • % of gas vapor is high
question 16 page 3 18
Question. 16, Page 3-18
  • The _____ system provides a rich mixture for slow engine speeds and for starting.
    • Idling system
question 18 page 3 18
Question. 18, Page 3-18
  • List the components in the primary ignition circuit of a gasoline engine? _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
    • Battery, Ignition switch, Breaker points and Condenser
question 20 page 3 19
Question. 20, Page 3-19
  • The high voltage that produces the spark in the spark plug is produced in the _____ .
    • Ignition coil
question 2 page 4 12
Question. 2, Page 4-12
  • The advantages of manila line are: it is _____, _____, and _____ .
    • Relatively inexpensive, Readily available, Very durable
question 4 page 4 12
Question. 4, Page 4-12
  • Cotton line has _____ the strength of manila line.
    • One half
question 6 page 4 12
Question. 6, Page 4-12
  • Because nylon line is so elastic, it is used for _____, and _____ lines.
    • Mooring,
    • Towing
question 8 page 4 12
Question. 8, Page 4-12
  • What are the characteristics of Dacron (polyester) line? _____ __________ .
    • Soft to the touch, Extremely flexible, Requires no break-in
question 10 page 4 12
Question. 10, Page 4-12
  • What is the difference between polyethylene and polypropylene line?
    • Polypropylene is stronger when wet and is not as slippery as polyethylene
question 12 page 4 13
Question. 12, Page 4-13
  • What are the five grades of wire lines?
    • Improved plow steel, Plow steel, Mild plow steelTraction steel, Iron
question 14 page 4 13
Question. 14, Page 4-13
  • A Clove Hitch can be used to make a _____ fastening to a piling.
    • Temporary
question 16 page 4 13
Question. 16, Page 4-13
  • A _____ is preferred when permanently joining two lines together.
    • Splice
question 18 page 4 13
Question. 18, Page 4-13
  • To secure a line to a log for towing, you would use a _____ .
    • Timber hitch
question 20 page 4 13
Question. 20, Page 4-13
  • Explain uses of stopper/rolling hitch.
    • Can be used to maintain the strain while the other line is being moved. Can be slid along line under strain but will hold when strain or load is on it. Sometimes used when converting a single tow line into a bridle
question 22 page 4 14
Question. 22, Page 4-14
  • When might it become necessary to dip an eye on a bollard?
    • When another boat is using the bollard.
question 24 page 4 16
Question. 24, Page 4-16
  • Tie the following knots:
    • Square knot, Bowline, Round turn and Two half hitches, Clove hitch, Double becket/sheet bends, and Timber hitch.
question 2 page 5 4
Question. 2, Page 5-4
  • When a right handed propeller is turning clockwise, the boat will go _____.
    • Ahead
question 4 page 5 4
Question. 4, Page 5-4
  • The stern of a single screw boat with a left handed propeller tends to go to the _____ when the propeller is reversing.
    • Starboard
question 6 page 5 4
Question. 6, Page 5-4
  • When backing an inboard, with a single right hand propeller and rudder amidship, the stern will tend to move to
    • Port
question 8 page 5 4
Question. 8, Page 5-4
  • The four lines that may be used as springs are:
    • Forward bow spring, After bow spring, Forward quarter spring, After quarter spring
question 10 page 5 4
Question. 10, Page 5-4
  • To spring into a dock, use a _____ spring, and go ahead slowly with the rudder turned _____ .
    • After bow,
    • Way from the dock
question 12 page 5 5
Question. 12, Page 5-5
  • Backing on a forward quarter spring on the port side, the bow will _____ .
    • Go to starboard
question 14 page 5 5
Question. 14, Page 5-5
  • A 4 to 6 foot long plank hung horizontally on the side of the boat and backed with _____ is called a _____ .
    • Fenders,
    • Fenderboard
question 16 page 5 5
Question. 16, Page 5-5
  • A basic principle in maneuvering a twin screw boat, is to use the rudders primarily in relation to the direction of the _____ _____ through the water.
    • Vessel's movement
question 2 page 6 13
Question. 2, Page 6-13
  • The length of a wave is the distance between _____.
    • Two consecutive crests
question 4 page 6 13
Question. 4, Page 6-13
  • What is fetch?
    • The uninterrupted expanse of water over which the wind blows.
question 6 page 6 13
Question. 6, Page 6-13
  • Name two types of non-wind waves.
    • Seismic wave,
    • Tidal waves
question 8 page 6 13
Question. 8, Page 6-13
  • Waves turn into surf as they _____.
    • Near the shore
question 10 page 6 13
Question. 10, Page 6-13
  • _____ and _____ are the two types of waves that are caused by the passing of a motorboat. The _____ wave is the most dangerous.
    • Bow wave, Stern wave, Stern
question 12 page 6 14
Question. 12, Page 6-14
  • A boat with a _____ will be greatly affected by strong winds.
    • High freeboard,
    • High superstructure
question 14 page 6 14
Question. 14, Page 6-14
  • List some of the elements that the effect of wind and current upon a boat depends.
    • The strength of the wind.
    • The length of the boat
    • The superstructure of the boat.
    • The freeboard of the boat
    • The draft of the boat.
    • The direction of the wind in relation to the heading of the boat.
    • The direction of the current in relation to the heading of the boat
    • The direction and strength of the current in relation to the direction and strength of the wind.
question 16 page 6 14
Question. 16, Page 6-14
  • What is the purpose of a sea anchor?
    • Slow the drift and help control the boat in relation to wave direction.
question 18 page 6 14
Question. 18, Page 6-14
  • What is the pitfall in using a tripping line with a sea anchor?
    • Can become tangled with the towing line and collapse sea anchor
question 20 page 6 15
Question. 20, Page 6-15
  • What is the purpose of towing a warp?
    • Acts as a brake, keeps boat running straight quiets sea astern
question 22 page 6 15
Question. 22, Page 6-15
  • In a head sea, a vessel with too much weight forward will _____ rather than rise.
    • Plunge
question 24 page 6 15
Question. 24, Page 6-15
  • Thrown broadside to the swells, or in the trough can cause a vessel to _____
    • Broach
question 26 page 6 15
Question. 26, Page 6-15
  • What happens to a vessel that is pooped?
    • The following sea breaks into the cockpit
question 28 page 6 15
Question. 28, Page 6-15
  • One way to be seen in reduced visibility by vessels that have radar sets is to hoist a _____ .
    • Radar reflector
question 2 page 7 13
Question. 2, Page 7-13
  • In preparing to refloat a stranded vessel, one of the obvious things to consider is the _____ .
    • State of the tide
question 4 page 7 13
Question. 4, Page 7-13
  • A stranded boat can use an anchor as a _____ to help pull the boat free
    • Kedge
question 6 page 7 13
Question. 6, Page 7-13
  • When attempting to tow off a stranded boat, use the _____ _____ _____ or ____ ____ ____. or other secure fastenings such as ____ ____ The Instructor Guide gives only one answer which is: bridle around the hulls The Student Study Guide has additional answers (Page 7-4) as shown below:
    • Trailering stem eye, Ski towing transom eyes, Sampson posts
question 8 page 7 13
Question. 8, Page 7-13
  • You should always approach a burning vessel from _____
    • Upwind
question 10 page 7 13
Question. 10, Page 7-13
  • The four sides of the fire tetrahedron are ____, ____, ____, and ____
    • Fuel, Oxygen, Heat, Chemical reaction
question 12 page 7 14
Question. 12, Page 7-14
  • A Class B fire consists of _____ and _____, _____, _____,or _____ should be used to extinguish it.
    • Flammable liquids, CO2,Halon, Dry chemical
question 14 page 7 14
Question. 14, Page 7-14
  • What type of hole can be plugged?
    • Fairly small and rounded
question 16 page 7 14 refer to workbook page 7 9
Question. 16, Page 7-14 (Refer to workbook page 7-9)
  • List some of the materials that can be used for an emergency patch.
    • Pieces of wood and cloth,
    • Floor boards,
    • Mattresses,
    • Blankets,
    • Foul weather gear,
    • Engine covers,
    • Anything that will fit over hole and stop the incoming water.
question 18 page 7 14
Question. 18, Page 7-14
  • When using a portable pump, be certain the outlet is _____ and the discharge is facing _____..
    • Projecting over the side,
    • downwind
question 2 page 8 5
Question. 2, Page 8-5
  • A power vessel is _____ vessel propelled by machinery.
    • Any
question 4 page 8 5
Question. 4, Page 8-5
  • Underway means A vessel not _____, made made fast to _____, or _____ .
    • At anchor, Shore, Aground
question 6 page 8 5
Question. 6, Page 8-5
  • A power driven vessel less than 12 meters in length, when underway at night shall exhibit a _____ light and a _____ light plus _____ .
    • Masthead, Stern
    • Sidelights
question 8 page 8 5
Question. 8, Page 8-5
  • On the Western Rivers and on waters specified by the Coast Guard, _____ lights are not required for a vessel pushing ahead or towing alongside.
    • Masthead
question 10 page 8 5
Question. 10, Page 8-5
  • Vessels engaged in fishing by day must display a shape consisting of _____ .
    • Two cones in a vertical line with their points together
question 12 page 8 6
Question. 12, Page 8-6
  • A prolonged blast is a blast from _____ to _____ seconds duration.
    • 4,
    • 6
question 14 page 8 6
Question. 14, Page 8-6
  • Every vessel must use all available means to determine if a risk of _____ exists.
    • Course
question 16 page 8 6
Question. 16, Page 8-6
  • A vessel in doubt must give the danger signal, _____ on her whistle.
    • Five or more short and rapid blasts
question 18 page 8 6
Question. 18, Page 8-6
  • If the bearing of an approaching vessel _____ _____ _____appreciably, a risk of collision exists.
    • Does not change
question 20 page 8 6 error in the wording of the questionion
Question. 20, Page 8-6 (Error in the wording of the Questionion)
  • At night, the overtaking situation exists when the vessel BEHIND cannot see _____ _____ _____ _____ of the vessel ahead.
    • Either of the sidelights
question 22 page 8 7
Question. 22, Page 8-7
  • When in or near an area of restricted visibility, a power driven vessel making way through the water must sound _____ at intervals of not more than _____ minutes.
    • One prolonged (blast), Two
question 24 page 8 7
Question. 24, Page 8-7
  • The continuous sounding of a fog-signaling apparatus would indicate a _____ .
    • A vessel in distress (Chapman)
question 2 page 9 3
Question. 2, Page 9-3
  • All gear, taken collectively, that lies between the boat and its anchor is called the _____ .
    • Rode
question 4 page 9 3
Question. 4, Page 9-3
  • The three kinds of chains used as anchor rode are:
    • Proof CoilHigh Test
question 6 page 9 3
Question. 6, Page 9-3
  • The ideal rode for most average conditions is a combination of _____ and a short length of _____ .
    • Nylon line,
    • Chain
question 8 page 9 3
Question. 8, Page 9-3
  • When anchoring, the anchor _____ be lowered when the boat has any _____ .
    • Should not,
    • Headway
question 10 page 9 3
Question. 10, Page 9-3
  • When chocks, bitts, cleats, and other fittings are used on deck they must be _____ and reinforced with a _____ .
    • Through-bolted,
    • Husky backing plate
question 2 page 10 6
Question. 2, Page 10-6
  • The navigator must be able to _____ and _____ .
    • Determine position,
    • Maintain a plot
question 4 page 10 6
Question. 4, Page 10-6
  • What crew duty is required by law?
    • Lookout
question 6 page 10 6
Question. 6, Page 10-6
  • How many degrees do you move your eyes each second when scanning?
    • Ten
question 8 page 10 6
Question. 8, Page 10-6
  • Binoculars are used for _____ and not for _____ .
    • Identification,
    • Scanning
question 10 page 10 6
Question. 10, Page 10-6
  • Lookouts should remain _____ and give _____ to their duties.
    • Alert,
    • Full attention
question 12 page 10 6
Question. 12, Page 10-6
  • Steering may be by _____ or by reference to _____ .
    • Compass,
    • Objects
question 14 page 10 7
Question. 14, Page 10-7
  • The term meet her means?
    • Stop the turn so as not to overshoot the new course
question 16 page 10 7
Question. 16, Page 10-7
  • Radar is a great navigational aid in times of _____ and _____ .
    • Darkness,
    • Reduced visibility
question 18 page 10 7
Question. 18, Page 10-7
  • You are legally responsible for your _____
    • Wake
question 20 page 10 7
Question. 20, Page 10-7
  • It is illegal to discharge _____ into the water.
    • Pollutants
question 22 page 10 7
Question. 22, Page 10-7
  • When boarding a Coast Guard vessel _____ the National Ensign and _____ from the Officer of the Deck.
    • Salute,
    • ReQuestion permission to come