Chapter Two - Sending Verbal and Nonverbal Messages. Public Speaking - Unit Two. Messages. ideas and feelings that people send or receive when they communicate. Verbal Language. a system of spoken and written words. Nonverbal Language. communication without words. Cues.
ideas and feelings that people send or receive when they communicate
a system of spoken and written words
communication without words
signals of nonverbal communication including body language, appearance, and the sound of the voice
Denotation - the dictionary meaning 0f a word
Connotation - the hidden meaning of a word including the powerful feelings and associations that the word arouses
Standard American English – language that follows the rules and guidelines found in grammar and composition books
Jargon, Slang, and Dialect are all a sublanguage.
Sharing Language with Your Audience
Nonverbal language uses all the elements of communication except words.
Paralanguage - a type of nonverbal communication that involves using voice variation and extraneous words and sounds to communicate
includes all features of the immediate surroundings
People often respond to the subtle effects of color in their surroundings
can affect an audience’s behavior and mood in various ways
compliments other forms of nonverbal communication
Space – the space around you may include large, permanent elements, smaller structures, movable elements, and the personal spaces that people regard as their territory
HOW TO USE NONVERBAL EFFECTIVELY1. Use body language that supplements what you want to say.2. Make sure your appearance is in keeping with what you want to accomplish.3. Make sure that the sound of your voice is in keeping with your message.4. If possible, create an environment that is suitable for the kind of communication you want.