Kidney Transplant Vs Dialysis. Pros and Cons of choosing either a Kidney Transplant or Dialysis. Kidney Transplant.
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Kidney Transplant Vs Dialysis Pros and Cons of choosing either a Kidney Transplant or Dialysis
Kidney Transplant When a healthy kidney is taken from one person and surgically placed into someone with kidney failure. The kidney can come from a live or deceased donor. A Kidney transplant is a treatment not a cure for kidney disease.
Kidney Transplant- Pros • Kidney transplantation is a life-extending procedure. The typical patient will live ten to fifteen years longer with a kidney transplant than if kept on dialysis. The years of life gained is greater for younger patients, but even 75 year-old recipients (the oldest group for which there is data) gain an average four more years' life. People generally have more energy, a less restricted diet, and fewer complications with a kidney transplant than if they stay on conventional dialysis. • Some studies seem to suggest that the longer a patient is on dialysis before the transplant, the less time the kidney will last. It is not clear why this occurs, but it underscores the need for rapid referral to a transplant program. Ideally, a kidney transplant should be pre-emptive, i.e. take place before the patient starts on dialysis.
Kidney Transplant- Cons • Transplant rejection (hyperacute, acute or chronic) • Infections and sepsis due to the immunosuppressant drugs that are required to decrease risk of rejection • Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (a form of lymphoma due to the immune suppressants) • Imbalances in electrolytes including calcium and phosphate which can lead to bone problems amongst other things • Other side effects of medications including gastrointestinal inflammation and ulceration of the stomach and esophagus, hirsutism (excessive hair growth in a male-pattern distribution), hair loss, obesity, acne, diabetes mellitus (type 2), hypercholesterolemia, and others. • The average lifetime for a donor kidney is ten to fifteen years. When a transplant fails a patient may opt for a second transplant, and may have to return to dialysis for some intermediary time
Kidney Dialysis What is Kidney Dialysis? Method of filtering impurities from the blood, replacing the function of one or both kidneys lost in renal failure. What is Haemodialysis? Method of removing impurities by pumping the patient's blood through a dialyser, the specialized filter of the artificial kidney machine (haemodialysis)
Pros and Cons of Kidney Dialysis….. Pros + Facilities are widely available. + Trained professionals are with you at all times. + You can get to know other patients. + You don’t have to have a partner or keep equipment in your home. Cons - Treatments are scheduled by the centre and are relatively fixed. - You must travel to the centre for treatment. - This treatment has the strictest diet and fluid limits of all. - You will need to take more medications. - You may have more frequent ups and downs in how you feel from day to day. - It may take a few hours to feel better after a treatment. - Dialysis takes a long time.