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Italian Unification Movement. Reasons for Unification. Independent since Fall of Rome Napoleon unified them Threat of other countries Language, tradition, food, Practical reasons. Pro and Anti Movements. Congress of Vienna 1830s, Giuseppe Mazzini

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Presentation Transcript
reasons for unification
Reasons for Unification
  • Independent since Fall of Rome
  • Napoleon unified them
  • Threat of other countries
  • Language, tradition, food,
  • Practical reasons
pro and anti movements
Pro and Anti Movements
  • Congress of Vienna
  • 1830s, Giuseppe Mazzini
  • Austria, France, Catholic Church opposed
  • Local Princes and Kings opposed
shrewd politics
Shrewd Politics
  • Risorgimento
  • King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia
  • Prime Minister Camillo Cavour
cavour s plan
Cavour’s Plan
  • Joined Crimean War, 1855
  • Part of Peace Treaty
  • Befriend Napoleon III
  • Alliance with France
  • Unleashes GuiseppeGaribaldi
the fighting begins
The Fighting Begins
  • Garibaldi goes to ‘boot’ of Italy
  • Wins over territory
  • 1861, Italy Unified
  • Victor Emmanuel made King
annexation of papal states
Annexation of Papal States
  • France becomes less enthusiastic
  • Guard Papal States until 1870
  • Franco-Prussian war
  • Papal States (except Vatican) annexed
  • Pope imprisoned
complications
Complications
  • Unstable and economically weak
  • Surrounded by bigger countries
  • Alliances with other nations
  • Triple Alliance Formed