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  1. Inland Waterways in Serbia - How the Danube within Serbia is being integrated into a major sustainable waterway and to deal with issues of reconciliation following the Balkans conflict - Zaneta Ostojic BarjaktarevicDirector General of Directorate for Inland Waterways Plovput Presentationof the Republic of Serbia Istanbul, March 2009

  2. Content Facts on the Danube River Did you know? Role of Danube Commission Role of Serbian Directorate for Inland Waterways Plovput Balkans Conflict and the NATO Bombing of Serbia Danube Revival Challenges for the Future

  3. Facts on the Danube River The second largest river in Europe – 2,845 km Drainage area of almost 801,500 km2

  4. Facts on the Danube River Navigable for 85% of its length (from City of Kelheim in Germany to Sulina in Romania)

  5. Facts on the Danube River Linked to the River Rhine through Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, connecting the North Sea with the Black Sea The Danube River is known as Corridor VII – the only waterway among ten Pan-European corridors

  6. Facts on the Danube River The only river in the world which connects four capitals: Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest and Belgrade European Commission recognizes the Danube River as a “single most important non-oceanic body of water in Europe”, and a “future central axes for the European Union”

  7. Did you know? Archeological point Lepenski Vir is located on the Danube River in Serbia It originates from 5,300 years B.C.

  8. Did you know? Archeological point Viminacium is located on the Danube River in Serbia It is a Roman fortress that originates from 1st century B.C.

  9. Did you know? Tabula Traiana is a living proof of an old Roman road and bridge over Danube from 103 A.D. (over 1,000 m long)

  10. Did you know? Iron Gate gorge is the deepest part of the Danube River – deep over 100m

  11. Did you know? Kalemegdan fortress in Belgrade originates from 3rd century B.C.

  12. The Role of Danube Commission • Convention regarding the regime of navigation on the Danube River signed in Belgrade in 1948 • Belgrade Convention is providing free navigation on the Danube River • Danube Commission is a governing body of the countries that are located on the Danube River banks, in the field of navigation • Countries are required to maintain their section of the river and to provide navigable conditions

  13. The Role of Serbian Directorate for Inland Waterways Plovput • established in 1963 • in charge of international inland waterways in Serbia • performing hydrographic survey, waterway design and marking, river training works and river information services

  14. Balkan’s Conflict in 1990s • during the 1990s, navigation on the Danube River was influenced by the Balkan’s conflict • Serbia was under the embargo of UN (1992-1995) • during that time transport was drastically reduced • after time when sanctions were lifted, waterborne transport began to increase for a new several years • and then the year 1999 came…

  15. NATO Bombing of Serbia (1999) 57bridges in Serbia were destroyed or damaged in NATO bombing 7 out of 10bridges on the Danube River in Serbia were all or half ruined

  16. NATO Bombing of Serbia (1999) Bridges on the Danube River destroyed during NATO bombing of Serbia

  17. NATO Bombing of Serbia (1999) All three of them were destroyed Bridges in the City of Novi Sad before 1999

  18. Danube Revival • immediate solution was a pontoon bridge (1999) which was removed in 2005, when one of the destroyed bridges was reconstructed

  19. Danube Revival • first temporary road-railroad bridge in Novi Sad was built in 2000 and it is still in use • after the clearance of bridges’ debris and the removal of the pontoon bridge in 2005, the waterborne transport on the Danube River began to recover

  20. Danube Revival • Master plan for inland waterways in Serbia was prepared in 2006 (funded by European Agency for Reconstruction) • prioritized projects defined: • Construction of a New Zezelj bridge in Novi Sad • Removal of UXOs from NATO bombing • Removal of sunken German fleet from WW2 • Implementation of River Information Services • Rehabilitation of navigation locks on the Iron Gate • River training works on critical sections on the Danube River

  21. Danube Revival • Project 1:Construction of a New Zezelj bridge in Novi Sad

  22. Danube Revival • Project 2:Removal of UXOs from NATO bombing

  23. Danube Revival • Project 3:Removal of sunken German fleet from WW2

  24. Danube Revival • Project 4:Implementation of River Information Services (RIS) 2009 2012

  25. Danube Revival EU has recognized results of Serbia and supported them Financial agreement between EU and Serbia signed in April 2008 Full Scale Implementation of RIS in Serbia, worth 11 Million Euros, among prioritized projects To be implemented from 2009 to 2012

  26. Danube Revival • Project 5:Rehabilitation of navigation locks on the Iron Gate

  27. Danube Revival • Project 6:River training works on the critical sections on the Danube River

  28. The goal is to achieve standardized level of navigation safety and harmonized services on the Danube River and to become fully integrated part of European IWW network

  29. Challenges for the Future Improving cross-border cooperation in the region Applying European standards in IWT Promoting inland waterway transportation

  30. Thank youfor your attention Istanbul, March 2009