World Population, 1750 - 2150 (in billions) 2010 population: 6.8 billion World Population 1804 1 billion 1927 2 billion 1960 3 billion 1974 4 billion 1987 5 billion 1999 6 billion 2013 7 billion 2028 8 billion 2048 9 billion 2093 10 billion Year
Early Settlement Patterns • Early Europeans first settled the east coast of the United States and Canada. • Later migration started westward – west of the Atlantic seaboard, the plains provinces and then the pacific west coast.
The Baby Boom • Canada’s population growth took off during the post world war II decade and more than 4 million people were added to the population. • Canada’s population was 31 million ranking it the 35th in the world.
Most of the population growth resulted from natural increase which coincided with the baby boom. • The baby boom era lasted from 1946 to 1964 or about 18 years.
Population Growth Since 1950 • Areas with a mild climate like British Columbia in the far west of Canada had a high population growth of 98.8% between 1966 and 1996.
Alberta is another province of Canada where the population grew rapidly about 84.3% partly because of natural resources.
Ontario tops Canada for both internal and international immigration with Toronto being the most attractive city. Toronto
Population Distribution • The highest concentration of people lie within the corridor from Quebec City to Montreal, and Toronto to Windsor.
Population Distribution • Because climate conditions in Canada are hostile, most of Canada’s 72% population live in the warmer southern portions of the country. • This is within 150 miles of the United States Border.
World Population and Urban Growth, 1950-2020 2020 1950 2.5 billion 8.1 billion
Urban and Rural Population • In Canada 85% live in cities and 15% live in rural areas.
Urban and Rural Population • The reason why people live in cities is because that is where the action is. Montreal Calgary
That is where the jobs are and they are also attempting to take advantage of “economies of agglomeration”
There are advantages that come when related business congregate (agglomerate) in one place. Edmonton
People and businesses operate more efficiently when they agglomerate. Ottawa
Urban and Rural Population • This in turn forces people out of the cities to the suburban areas where they live and then drive or bus themselves to the cities. • This is evidenced by the still growing metropolitan centers of Canada. Markham, Ontario
The six largest in the United States are New York - almost 20 million people, Los Angeles (15.5 million) people, Chicago (8.5 million) people, Washington- Baltimore (7.2 million), San Francisco (6.6 Million), Philadelphia (6 million).