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Learning How to Develop a Paragraph. The Paragraph. The paragraph is a series of sentences developing one topic. The Topic Sentence. The topic of a paragraph is stated in one sentence. This is called the topic sentence.

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the paragraph is a series of sentences developing one topic

The Paragraph

The paragraph is a series of sentences developing one topic.

the topic sentence
The Topic Sentence
  • The topic of a paragraph is stated in one sentence. This is called thetopic sentence.
the rest of the paragraph consists of sentences that develop or explain the main idea
The rest of the paragraph consists of sentences that develop or explain the main idea.

main

idea

  • Through the centuries rats have managed to survive all our efforts to destroy them. We have poisonedthem andtrappedthem. We have fumigated, flooded, andburned them. We have tried germ warfare. Some rats even survived atomic bombtests conducted on Entwetok atoll in the Pacific after World War II. In spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours continue to prove that they are the most indestructible of pests.

concluding

sentence

slide5

Developing a Paragraph

A topic sentence

may be

developed

by giving

examples.

  • A topic sentence may be developed by giving details.

A topic

sentence may

be developed

by telling

an

incident

unity in the paragraph
Unity in the Paragraph

Every sentence in a paragraph should support the main idea expressed in the topic sentence.

mainidea

sentence

sentence

sentence

sentence

the concluding or clincher sentence
The concluding or clincher sentence
  • Restate the topic sentence in different words.
  • A clincher sentence or concluding sentenceclinches the point made in the paragraph.
  • It summarizes the paragraph.
coherence in a paragraph
Coherence in a Paragraph
  • Stick to the point: The ideas have a clear and logical relation to each other.
  • Put details or examples or incidents in logical order.

4

3

2

chronological

1

in relation to each other

in order of importance

slide9

Connecting Sentences Within the Paragraph

Transition words

chronological order

first

meanwhile

later

afterwards

finally

objects in relation to one another

next to

in front of

beside

between

behind

in order of importance

however

furthermore

as a result

in fact

yet

types of paragraphs
Types of Paragraphs
  • The narrative paragraph
      • tells a story
  • The persuasive paragraph.
      • tries to convince the audience
  • The descriptive paragraph
      • describes something
  • The expository or explanatory paragraph
      • gives information or explains something
slide12
Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

slide13

Topic Sentence

Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

slide14

Example 1

Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

slide15

Example 1 Details

Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

slide16

Transition Words

Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

slide17

Example 2

Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

slide18

Example 2 Details

Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

slide19

Example 3

Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

slide20

Example 3 Details

Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

slide21

Closing

(restates topic in a different way)

Sample Paragraph

My mother survived difficult times to become a good parent and worker. Her hard times began when she lost her husband. At his death, she was only nineteen and had a baby, me, to raise. She survived by going to school at night to train for a career. Even though she still lives a stressful life today, she is a good mother. She always takes care of me. She listens to my problems, encourages me to do my best, and praises all my efforts. She cleans our apartment until is shines, and she make dinner every night. She makes a delicious chicken casserole. In addition, she works hard at her job. She is a nurse at a home for elderly people, where she is on her feet all day and is still kind and cheerful. At work or at home, my mother is an inspiration to me.

reminder
Reminder!!!

Be sure to spell check and re-read your paragraph before turning it in.

questions
Questions?

See Instructor

They will be glad to help

Used by permission of Betty Linneman, 2010