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How to Create a Paragraph. What is a paragraph? . collection of sentences that relate to a central theme or topic Dictionary : A distinct section of a piece of writing, usually dealing with a single theme and indicated by a new line , indentation , or numbering. Main Parts of a Paragraph .

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what is a paragraph
What is a paragraph?
  • collection of sentences that relate to a central theme or topic
  • Dictionary: A distinct section of a piece of writing, usually dealing with a single theme and indicated by a newline, indentation, or numbering.
main parts of a paragraph
Main Parts of a Paragraph
  • Topic sentence
  • Supporting details
  • Concluding (clincher) sentence
topic sentence
Topic Sentence
  • expresses the main idea of the paragraph
  • includes a strong verb to make a statement
  • must be supported by all other sentences
  • must be about something you can
    • prove
    • explain
    • show through description
topic sentence examples
Topic Sentence – Examples
  • There are several strategies you can use to improve your vocabulary.
  • Spaghetti is one of the easiest meals to make because it only involves a few easy steps.
  • I always eat healthy by following a few simple guidelines.
supporting detail s
Supporting Details
  • provide explanations and support for the topic sentence of your paragraph
  • give writing flavor
  • are best “found” by using a prewriting activity
    • brainstorming
    • outlining
    • mapping
supporting detail examples
Supporting Detail– Examples

There are several strategies you can use to improve your vocabulary.

  • learn meanings of word parts
  • context clues
  • play word games
  • use thesaurus or dictionary
supporting detail examples1
Supporting Detail– Examples

Spaghetti is one of the easiest meals to make because it only involves a few easy steps.

  • boil water
  • add spaghetti
  • stir
  • wait 8 – 10 minutes
  • strain pasta
  • serve with sauce and cheese
supporting detail examples2
Supporting Detail– Examples

I always eat healthy by following a few simple guidelines.

  • organic foods
  • vegan diet
  • mostly raw
  • try to avoid sugars and fats
  • healthy snacks
concluding clincher sentence
Concluding (Clincher) Sentence
  • summarizes the main idea (found in your topic sentence)
  • reinforces the point or opinion
  • same idea as the topic sentence but includes
    • question,
    • an amusing thought
    • an unexpected twist
  • is never another support sentence
concluding clincher sentence1
Concluding (Clincher) Sentence

There are several strategies you can use to improve your vocabulary.

  • learn meanings of word parts
  • context clues
  • play word games
  • use thesaurus or dictionary

By using these valuable resources, you will increase your knowledge of new word meanings.

concluding clincher sentence2
Concluding (Clincher) Sentence

Spaghetti is one of the easiest meals to make because it only involves a few easy steps.

  • boil water
  • add spaghetti
  • stir
  • wait 8 – 10 minutes
  • strain pasta
  • serve with sauce and cheese

Creating a tasty spaghetti meal is as easy as 1-2-3.

concluding clincher sentence3
Concluding (Clincher) Sentence

I always eat healthy by following a few simple guidelines.

  • organic foods
  • vegan diet
  • mostly raw
  • try to avoid sugars and fats
  • healthy snacks

Eating healthy can be easier than it seems.

slide14
Note
  • supportingdetails must be further explained to make them “juicy”
  • you should ALWAYS use a prewritingstrategy
  • ALWAYS write a firstdraft, which you will then revise and edit
  • avoid repeating words – use synonyms
  • include transitions to make your writing flow
    • first, second, then
    • before, after, finally
slide15

The

Writing

Process

steps of the writing process
Steps of the Writing Process
  • Prewriting
  • Drafting
  • Revising
  • Editing
prewriting
Prewriting
  • brainstorming
    • mapping
    • outlining
    • freewriting
drafting
Drafting
  • “Sloppy Copy”
    • turn ideas and thoughts into sentences
    • don’t worry about grammar or spelling
revising
Revising
  • content
    • structure (topic sentence, details, clincher?)
    • transitions between ideas
    • unrelated ideas ---> OUT!!!
    • flow
    • descriptive words to “paint a picture”
editing
Editing
  • proofreading
    • grammar (tenses, pronouns, sentence structure, punctuation marks…)
    • spelling

Barack Obama editing during speech writing process

let s practice
Let’s Practice
  • “A New Experience”
  • go through all the steps of the writing process
  • underline topic and clincher sentence
  • use Editing Checklist in the box on p. 14 of Focus on Grammar.