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PREVENTION. WHAT IS IT?. June 2008. What is Prevention?.

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prevention

PREVENTION

WHAT IS IT?

June 2008

what is prevention
What is Prevention?
  • Prevention is the act of impeding, or preventing, something from happening such as disease or a social condition. Many prevention programs are centered around ways to prevent illness, crime, terrorism, child abuse and neglect, and violence.
three stages of prevention
Three Stages of Prevention
  • There are three stages of Prevention:
    • Primary
    • Secondary
    • Tertiary
primary prevention
Primary Prevention
  • Primary Prevention programs are also known as “Universal” programs.
  • The target audience of Primary Prevention programs is the general population.
  • The activities used in Primary Prevention are designed to stop maltreatment before it occurs.
slide5
Programs and services in Primary Prevention promote the general welfare of children and families.
  • Programs with a universal focus seek to raise awareness of issues for the general population, as well as decision makers and professionals.
activities of primary prevention programs
Activities of Primary Prevention Programs
  • For Child Abuse and Neglect Primary Prevention Programs, activities may include:
    • Public Service Announcements (PSAs)
      • PSAs may be used to promote issues such as healthy parent/child relationships, the dangers of shaking a baby, or how to create a safe sleep environment.
      • PSAs may be one small component of a bigger awareness campaign.
slide7
Public Awareness Campaigns
    • These campaigns may include a variety of activities such as brochures, presentations, posters, web sites, and other promotional activities.
    • The focus of a campaign could be where and how to report child abuse and neglect orhow parents can best handle stress.
slide8
Parent education programs and support groups
    • These programs may focus on age appropriate expectations, child development, and the roles and responsibilities of parenting. (Child Welfare Information Gateway)
  • Family support and family strengthening programs
    • These programs enhance a family’s ability to find resources and access existing services.
secondary prevention
Secondary Prevention
  • Secondary Prevention programs are aimed at families or communities who are high risk for child abuse and neglect. Services may be targeted for certain populations.
  • For example, a target audience may be parents who are struggling with one of the following: poverty, young parental age, substance abuse, or mental health concerns.
activities of secondary prevention programs
Activities of Secondary Prevention Programs
  • For Child Abuse and Neglect Secondary Prevention Programs, activities may include:
    • Home Visiting Programs that provide support and education to new parents and expecting parents.
    • Parent Support groups that help parents deal with stress and challenges.
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Parent education programs, such as programs for teen parents.
  • Family resource centers that offer referral information and assistance to families.
  • Respite care programs designed for families that have special needs.

(Child Welfare Information Gateway)

tertiary prevention
Tertiary Prevention
  • Tertiary prevention programs are designed for families that have experienced child abuse and neglect.
  • Services provided after the occurrence of child abuse and neglect are designed to prevent the recurrence of future abuse.
activities of tertiary prevention programs
Activities of Tertiary Prevention Programs
  • For Child Abuse and Neglect Tertiary Prevention Programs, activities may include:
    • Mental health services for children and families affected by maltreatment in an effort to improve family functioning.
    • Parent support groups that help families transform negative parenting practices into positive parenting behaviors.
slide14
Parent mentor programs with non-abusive family members serving as role models and providing support to family members.
  • Intensive family preservation services with trained mental health counselors that are available to families 24 hours a day for a short period of time, such as six to eight weeks.

(Child Welfare Information Gateway)

for prevention to work
For Prevention to Work…
  • Prevention efforts need to come from both communities and individuals in order for it to be successful.
  • What can you do in your local community?
for more information visit these websites
For More Information, Visit These Websites
  • Children’s Safety Network, http://www.childrenssafetynetwork.org/MonthlyBulletins/2005/May05.asp
  • Child Welfare Information Gateway, http://www.childwelfare.gov/preventing/overview/framework.cfm
  • Child Abuse.com, http://www.childabuse.com/fs9.htm
  • Idaho Children’s Trust Fund, http://idahochildrenstrustfund.state.id.us/prevention.asp
missouri department of social services state technical assistance team
Missouri Department of Social Services State Technical Assistance Team

Address:

PO Box 208Jefferson City, MO 65102-0208

Telephone: (573) 751-5980(800) 487-1626(8 a.m. to 5 p.m. CST, Monday – Friday)

Email:

[email protected]

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