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Bilateral agencies and social protection- GTZ, DFID, and Sida. Investing in Social Protection in Africa - Dakar 9-11 th June 2008. Overview. Practical mechanism for bilateral agency co-ordination on social protection Individual agency positions.

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Bilateral agencies and social protection- GTZ, DFID, and Sida

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    1. Bilateral agencies and social protection- GTZ, DFID, and Sida Investing in Social Protection in Africa - Dakar 9-11th June 2008

    2. Overview • Practical mechanism for bilateral agency co-ordination on social protection • Individual agency positions

    3. Bilateral agency co-ordination on social protection • Emerging international consensus – social protection as a key instrument for addressing poverty and exclusion. • Key mechanism for co-ordination on donor policy and practice - OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Povnet (Poverty network) • Membership of over 20 bilateral agencies. • OECD/DAC Povnet Task Team on Social Protection and Empowerment. • Meets quarterly. Ongoing informal exchange. • Chair – GTZ • Vice Chairs – DFID, SDC and SIDA. • Other agency experts e.g. ILO

    4. Povnet Task Team objectives 2007-8 1) To complement the evidence-base to demonstrate that well planned investments in social protection can bring powerful economic and social benefits for society and its poorest members. 2) To supportawareness raising, dialogue, understanding and capacity building of policy-makers and practitioners among DAC member governments and their partners in developing countries regarding the design, implementation and monitoring of effective social protection

    5. Outputs in progress i) OECD/DAC Good Practice Notes for policy makers and practitioners (on social protection and growth, financing, lifecycle approaches, health, HIV/AIDs, gender, climate change, fragile states, and targeting) ii) an evidence-based Policy Statement to be submitted for endorsement to the 2009 DAC High-Level Meeting. - Consultation and feedback planned with partner countries. - Framework for bilateral agencies to provide effective support to social protection – clarity on roles

    6. Draft Emerging Lessons for the Policy Statement to Povnet • Social protection helps to break poverty traps by preventing the inter-generational transmission of poverty. • Well-designed social protection programmes support pro-poor growth. • Social protection can be affordable – often a matter of political prioritisation and fiscal space. • Requires long-term planning, strategy and political commitment. • The state has the primary role in providing a framework for delivering social protection - reinforces a social contract that helps strengthen the state. • Social protection should be rights-based and focus on addressing social inequalities and empowerment – key role for Civil Society Organisations.

    7. Emerging Policy Lessons cont.. 7. Effective social protection requires a context-specific mix of instruments and appropriate coverage and targeting – influences impact, efficiency and cost-effectiveness. 8. Institutional capacity is important for effective and co-ordinated delivery of social protection - south-south learning is an innovative approach for capacity building. 9. Design and implementation should reflect the local context and build in flexibility (esp. with food prices). 10. Investment in monitoring and evaluation systems is critical.

    8. Emerging policy lessons cont.. 11. Development partner co-ordination is essential to effectively support national social protection initiatives and exchange of good practice. • strengthening the evidence-base to increase understanding/capacity on key design and implementation challenges. • more predictable and longer-term funding whilst gradually improving sustainable domestic financing options e.g. Kenya, DFID commitment over 10 years. • multidonor trust funds e.g. Ethiopia Productive Safety Nets Programme, PSNP. • harmonised and aligned support with national development frameworks and emerging social protection strategies.

    9. DFID Policy Development on Social protection – 2006 White Paper • Social protection and an adequate standard of living are human rights • Four interrelated essential public services education, health, water and sanitation, social protection • Forward look: • investment in evidence building and analysis (long-term research, M&E). • capacity building – training courses and south-south learning.

    10. Specific social protection commitments in DFID’s White Paper and progress • To significantly increase spending on social protection in at least ten countries in Africa and Asia by 2009, supporting national programmes and working with the UN and NGOs in fragile states • pilots (Zambia, Ghana) • large-scale programmes (Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, Kenya Mozambique) • development of strategic frameworks (Kenya, Zambia, Malawi). • To support partnerships between developing countries to share experience of expanding social protection • Livingstone 1 and II • South Africa/Lesotho study tours • Brazil-Africa south-south co-operation.

    11. SIDA’s new Position Paper • Position Paper on Social Protection to 2008-12 • “Social protection systems are increasingly regarded as a useful tool for poverty alleviation as well as an investment in long-term welfare, security and economic development at national and global levels”.

    12. SIDA priorities on social protection – to support: • The state in its responsibility for social protection systems. • Civil society as executer, activist and source of good practice. • Strengthening administrative and financial structures. • Social protection systems as an integrated part of an active employment policy. • The development of social services for vulnerable groups. • Capacity development. • Research for evidence-based social protection e.g. UNRISD, and CODESRIA in Africa. • Policy strengthening in cooperation with other actors OECD/DAC POVNET and the African Union.

    13. GTZ’s / GDC’s Work on Social Protection Social Protection increasingly seen as key tool for structural poverty alleviation and pro-poor growth: • Chair‘s Summary by the German chancellor, G8 Summit, June 2008: „Open markets need social inclusion. We therefore agreed on the active promotion of social standards, of corporate social responsibility, and on the need to strengthen social security systems in emerging economies and developing countries.“ • March 2008: Parliamentary Decision • Increase support in establishing and reforming social protection systems in developing countries and emerging economies • Implement social protection as a priority area in German Development Cooperation • Newly introduced financial target

    14. GTZ Guiding Principles and Priority Areas • Systemic approach: No blueprint, TA tailored to the needs and preconditions of partner country • Aim: comprehensive and inclusive social protection systems (for formal and informal sector, private and public), including the extreme poor and vulnerable • Value basis: Universal access, solidarity, fair financing, equity • Priority areas: • Social Protection in Health • Basic Social Protection / Social Cash Transfers • Microinsurance • Monitoring for Development / PSIA • Cross-Cutting: Vulnerable Groups - Persons with Disabilities • Upcoming: Old-Age Provision • GTZ operations: Currently some 50 projects in 30 countries