Betty Friedan’s “The Feminine Mystique” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Betty Friedan’s “The Feminine Mystique” PowerPoint Presentation
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Betty Friedan’s “The Feminine Mystique”

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Betty Friedan’s “The Feminine Mystique”

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  1. Betty Friedan’s “The Feminine Mystique”

  2. The Feminine Mystique • Written by Betty Friedan in 1963 • Interviews with “average middle class housewives” • Findings: • Many were bored, dissatisfied • Impact • Showed dissatisfied women they weren’t alone • Start of modern feminist movement

  3. The Feminist Movement Goals • Equal pay • Equal opportunity • Physical safety • “Women’s Liberation”

  4. Women’s Liberation Gloria Steinem—”A woman without a man, is like a fish without a bicycle” Angela Davis—Black Panther & Feminist

  5. National Organization for Women (NOW) • Political action group for women’s equality • Led by Betty Friedan • Goals: • Equal pay • 1966 women earned 60% of men • Today about 75% • Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) • Like the 14th Amendment for women • Passed by Congress, but not ratified by states

  6. Successes of the Women’s Movement • Equal Pay Act of 1963 • Women’s equality part of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 • Widespread acceptance of feminist ideals • Roe v. Wade • 1973 Court case affirming abortion rights

  7. Miss America Pageant, 1969

  8. Native American Movement

  9. American Indian Movement (AIM) • Formed in 1968 • Inspired by other freedom movements • Goals: • Indian political and economic growth • By far the poorest, weakest Americans • Lowest life expectancy • Indian cultural rebirth • Reasserting traditional Indian Ways • Medicine, religion, dress, etc.

  10. AIM activists take over Wounded Knee, SD in 1973

  11. Indian Activists “discover” & take over Alcatraz Island, 1969-1971

  12. 70’s Native American Literature

  13. Cesar Chavez, 1927-1993

  14. Cesar Chavez • Organized the United Farm Workers (UFW) with Dolores Huerta in 1962 • A believer in Gandhian non-violence • A union for farm workers • Mostly Mexican & Filipino • Poorest of the poor • Unskilled • Little hope of any success • Actually got growers to sign union contracts Dolores Huerta

  15. Farm Worker Conditions • Brutal hours • Low pay • Terrible living conditions • Cancer causing pesticides

  16. How Chavez Succeeded • Strictly non-violent • Cross-racial organizing • Nationwide grape & lettuce boycotts • Protest Fasts

  17. The Chicano Movement • The Brown Berets • A Chicano Black Panthers • Goals • Latino civil rights • Latino economic improvement • Bilingual education • Immigration reform • Enhancing Latin American culture

  18. An Excerpt From Yo Soy Joaquin (I Am Joaquin) by Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales, 1967 And now the trumpet sounds, The music of the people stirs the Revolution, Like a sleeping giant it slowly rears its head to the sound of Tramping feet Clamoring voices Mariachi strains Fiery tequila explosions The smell of chile verde and Soft brown eyes of expectation for a better life. And in all the fertile farm lands, the barren plains, the mountain villages, small smeared cities We start to MOVE. La Raza! Mexicano! Español! Latino! Hispano! Chicano! or whatever I call myself. I look the same. I feel the same I cry and Sing the same. I am the masses of my people and I refuse to be absorbed. I am Joaquin The odds are great but my spirit is strong My faith unbreakable My blood is pure I am Aztec Prince and Christian Christ I SHALL ENDURE! I WILL ENDURE!

  19. Chicano Movement Corky Gonzales

  20. Gay Rights Movement • Gays and Bisexuals had to be secret about their lives & suffered discrimination • June 27, 1969—the “Stonewall Rebellion” • Police attacked a gay bar in NYC • Patrons fought back • Birth of the gay rights movement

  21. The Stonewall Rebellion

  22. The Environmental Movement • Realization that technology & population could destroy the planet • 1st Earth Day in 1969