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Textiles - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Textiles. Jessie Weiss Conor Riegel Griffin Dunn Mike Leuzzi. Famous People. J ames Hargreaves - a poor English worker won the prize in 1764 with a machine called the “JENNY”. It could produce eight times as much thread as a single person spinning a wheel.

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Jessie Weiss

Conor Riegel

Griffin Dunn

Mike Leuzzi

famous people
Famous People

James Hargreaves- a poor English worker won the prize in 1764 with a machine called the “JENNY”. It could produce eight times as much thread as a single person spinning a wheel.

John Kay- Was a clock master who invented the “flying shutter”, which was a cord mechanism that moved the woof thread more rapidly across the loom.

Richard Arkwright- Made a machine called the “water frame”, a spinning machine driven by water power. He then opened a spinning mill for all that could not afford to have a water frame at home.

Samuel Crompton- He combined all the best features from the Water frame and spinning jenny to create the spinning mule. This allowed people to have more access to fine-quality threads

Edmund Cartwright- He met the need for a faster weaving process with the invention of a loom powered by water. With this power loom one person could weave as much cloth as 200 hand loom operators.

Eli Whitney- Invented the cotton gin, a machine that could clean as much cotton as 50 people could.


John Kay

Samuel Crompton

Richard Arkwright


- Mechanization- the use of automatic machinery to increase production.

-Domestic System- A system in which men and women work in their homes.

- Flying Shuttle- A cord mechanism that moved the woof thread more rapidly across the loom.-The cotton textile industry was the first industry in Great Britain to undergo mechanization.-In the 1600s English businesses started importing raw cotton and employing spinners and weavers to make it into cloth.- Production did increase but all work was still done by hand.

- In 1733 a clockmaker named John Kay invented flying shuttle.

- In 1764 James Hargreaves made a machine the spinning “jenny” in honor of his wife.

The spinning “jenny” could produce eight times as much thread as a single spinning wheel.

advancements cont
Advancements Cont.

-1769 Richard Arkwright made the water frame which was a machine driven by water.

- Arkwright opened a spinning mill, bringing workers and machines together in one place to make goods.

- By 1784 Arkwright employed several hundred workers.

- This mill started the beginning of the modern factory system.

- Also in 1784 Samuel Crompton combined the water frame and the spinning “jenny” and made the spinning mule.

- In 1785, Edmund Cartwright, met the need for a faster process with the invention of loom powered by water.

- Using the power loom, one person was able to weave as much as 200 hand-loom operators.

- With all the advancements cotton cloth became cheaper to produce and sell.

labor source
Labor Source

-Some factories conditions were harsh for workers

-Most men, women and children would volunteer for 68-hour work weeks

- Factories were often unventilated and got very hot in the summer

-There were no regulations on how workers had to be treated

- Workers often rebelled on owners because of poor wages

-One of the biggest strikes on low wages during the industrial revolution was in Manchester in 1808

-15,000 weavers protested and troops were called in to keep peace

- Strike leaders were arrested, but some protesters demands were met

what is still used today
What is still used today?
  • The machines we use today for textiles execute functions at various stages of production like, yarn spinning, weaving, knitting, sewing and dyeing
  • Not all machines are necessary for each production line. Other machines create special fabric effects, such as embossing, bleaching and mercerizing
  • The main steps in the production of cloth are producing the fabric, preparing it, converting it to yarn, converting yarn to the cloth, and then finishing the cloth. The cloth is then taken to the manufacturer of garments.
most important
Most Important...
  • Textiles helped to bring different styles to countries.
  • The invention of the different machines helped to create greater amounts of fabric that could be traded and end up receiving new goods.
  • They helped to bring new styles and traditions to other places and share everyone's ideas.
  • They made clothes that could be sold or traded to many new places.