Textiles. Jessie Weiss Conor Riegel Griffin Dunn Mike Leuzzi. Famous People. J ames Hargreaves - a poor English worker won the prize in 1764 with a machine called the “JENNY”. It could produce eight times as much thread as a single person spinning a wheel.
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James Hargreaves- a poor English worker won the prize in 1764 with a machine called the “JENNY”. It could produce eight times as much thread as a single person spinning a wheel.
John Kay- Was a clock master who invented the “flying shutter”, which was a cord mechanism that moved the woof thread more rapidly across the loom.
Richard Arkwright- Made a machine called the “water frame”, a spinning machine driven by water power. He then opened a spinning mill for all that could not afford to have a water frame at home.
Samuel Crompton- He combined all the best features from the Water frame and spinning jenny to create the spinning mule. This allowed people to have more access to fine-quality threads
Edmund Cartwright- He met the need for a faster weaving process with the invention of a loom powered by water. With this power loom one person could weave as much cloth as 200 hand loom operators.
Eli Whitney- Invented the cotton gin, a machine that could clean as much cotton as 50 people could.
- Mechanization- the use of automatic machinery to increase production.
-Domestic System- A system in which men and women work in their homes.
- Flying Shuttle- A cord mechanism that moved the woof thread more rapidly across the loom.-The cotton textile industry was the first industry in Great Britain to undergo mechanization.-In the 1600s English businesses started importing raw cotton and employing spinners and weavers to make it into cloth.- Production did increase but all work was still done by hand.
- In 1733 a clockmaker named John Kay invented flying shuttle.
- In 1764 James Hargreaves made a machine the spinning “jenny” in honor of his wife.
The spinning “jenny” could produce eight times as much thread as a single spinning wheel.
-1769 Richard Arkwright made the water frame which was a machine driven by water.
- Arkwright opened a spinning mill, bringing workers and machines together in one place to make goods.
- By 1784 Arkwright employed several hundred workers.
- This mill started the beginning of the modern factory system.
- Also in 1784 Samuel Crompton combined the water frame and the spinning “jenny” and made the spinning mule.
- In 1785, Edmund Cartwright, met the need for a faster process with the invention of loom powered by water.
- Using the power loom, one person was able to weave as much as 200 hand-loom operators.
- With all the advancements cotton cloth became cheaper to produce and sell.
-Some factories conditions were harsh for workers
-Most men, women and children would volunteer for 68-hour work weeks
- Factories were often unventilated and got very hot in the summer
-There were no regulations on how workers had to be treated
- Workers often rebelled on owners because of poor wages
-One of the biggest strikes on low wages during the industrial revolution was in Manchester in 1808
-15,000 weavers protested and troops were called in to keep peace
- Strike leaders were arrested, but some protesters demands were met