Roots of American Democracy Ch 5.2
In this section, you’ll learn about the rights of English people set forth in the Magna Carta and later documents. These rights are the basis for the rights Americans enjoy today.
By the end of class I will be able to … • Explain how American democracy has its roots in the English tradition of representative government.
The Rights of Englishmen • Focus Question… How were English rights strengthened over the centuries? Think About • Magna Carta guaranteed political, civil rights of nobles and freemen • King could not tax without consent of prominent men. What is prominent? • Elected colonial assemblies imposed taxes, managed colonies
The Magna Carta • Signed by King John of England, 1215 • Limited the power of the king by a written document Proclaimed that: • A landowner’s property could not be seized by the king of his officials • Taxes could not be imposed unless a council of prominent men agreed • Free landowners could not be put on trial without witnesses • Free landowners could be legally punished only be a jury of their peers
English Rights are Threatened • King James II names Edmund Andros governor of New England • Andros bans representative assemblies. • James also restricts peoples rights in England and dismisses Parliament in 1687.
Parliament Responds to James • In response, Parliament invites Jame’s daughter, Mary and her husband William of Orange to Rule England. This Change of Leadership was called the Glorious Revolution
FOR UNDERSTANDING QUICK CHECK
1) Declaration of Independence 2) The English a Bill of Rights 3) Parliamentary Papers 4) Magna Carta A document called the______, created in England in 1215, limited powers of the King.
1)Parliament 2) The Royal Court 3) Congress 4) The House of Burgesses ______ was England’s chieflawmaking body.
1) the right to choose a new king or queen. 2)the right to elect representatives to government. 3) the right against self-incrimination. 4) the right to bear arms. One of the most important English rights was
1) John Peter Zenger 2) Edward Anderson 3)Edmund Andros 4) John Smith ______ was a Royal Governor appointed by King James II to take over the New England Colonies.
1) Glorious Revolution 2) Workers Rebellion 3) Grand Experiment. 4) Time of Troubles The challenge to the leadership of James II in 1688 was called England’s ______.
1) Queen Elizabeth II 2) Oliver Cromwell 3) a democratic government 4) William and Mary In 1688 Parliament usurped the power of James II and replaced him with______.
English Bill of Rights William and Mary agree to the English Bill of Rights which ensured: • The monarch could not cancel laws or impose taxes without Parliaments consent. • Free elections and frequent sessions of Parliament had to be held • Excessive fines and cruel punishment were forbidden • People could complain to the monarch in Parliament without being arrested.
English Bill of Rights continued • After the Glorious Revolution, Colonists also claimed these rights and were allowed to return to their colonial assemblies. • They still had to accept a royal governor
Freedom of the press • In 1735 colonists move toward establishing the right of freedom of the press. • John Peter Zenger, a newspaper publisher stood trial for criticizing the royal government in print. • The Jury decided that the people had the right to speak the truth.
FOR UNDERSTANDING QUICK CHECK
1) Magna Carta 2)English Bill of Rights 3) Constitution 4) Mayflower Compact William and Mary agreed in 1689 to uphold the______, an agreement that respected the rights of English citizens and of Parliament.
1) The king or queen could not cancel laws or impose taxes, unless Parliament agreed. 2) Only parliament could appoint Royal Governors to the colonies. 3)Excessive fines and cruel punishment were forbidden. 4)People had the right to complain to the king or queen in Parliament without being arrested. All of the following were provisions of the English Bill of Rights except:
1) self-government, an Assembly 2) captured lands, a Royal Governor 3)self-government, a Royal Governor 4) captured lands, a Regent After the Glorious Revolution, the colonists regained some ______ but still had ______ appointed by the crown.
1) laissez-faire capitalism 2) salutary neglect 3) the Glorious Revolution 4) salutatory negligence England’s hands-off policy with regard to the colonies was called ______.
1) John Zenger 2) Edmund Andros 3)George Whitefield 4) Jonathan Edwards In 1735 ______ stood trial for printing criticism of New York’s governor and won by claiming that people had the right to speak the truth.