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Roots of Democracy. World History Castro. Island Reflection Questions. If this were a true experience, what parts of this activity do you think would be needed (rules, laws, rights, etc…)? Why? Based on your above answer, why do you think all nations/peoples develop some type of government?.

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roots of democracy

Roots of Democracy

World History


island reflection questions
Island Reflection Questions
  • If this were a true experience, what parts of this activity do you think would be needed (rules, laws, rights, etc…)? Why?
  • Based on your above answer, why do you think all nations/peoples develop some type of government?
island questions
Island Questions
  • Give an example during the activity when a majority of the class agreed upon a decision.
  • What are some advantages and disadvantages to everybody having a say in the decision?
  • Give an example during the activity when one person made decisions, or tried to make decisions, for the entire class.
  • What are some advantages and disadvantages to one person making decisions?
two categories of government
Two Categories of Government
  • Democracy – Government by the people / Decisions made by the people
  • Autocracy - Government by one person (King / Queen / Emperor / Pharaoh)
decision making autocratic or democratic
Decision MakingAutocratic or Democratic?
  • Teacher decides there will be a test on Friday
  • Group of Friends decide on which movie to go to by discussing three possible movies and voting on which one they want to see.
  • Fast food Manager decides to give workers a dollar per hour raise
autocratic or democratic
Autocratic or Democratic?
  • Parents listen to daughter complain about staying out late and decide to let child stay out 1 hour later.
  • Parents allow all 3 children to choose (vote) what vacation to go on.
  • Mayor, elected by citizens, decides to build a new city hall
  • Citizens voted in favor of a city tax measure to increase funding to schools
autocratic advantages
Autocratic Advantages
  • Efficient
  • Order
  • Changes can Happen Quickly
autocratic disadvantages
Autocratic Disadvantages
  • Needs a Strong Leader
  • Decisions may not be interest of everyone
  • Too much power leads to corruption
democratic advantages
Democratic Advantages
  • Everyone has a say
  • Corruption more difficult
  • Power too diffuse
democratic disadvantages
Democratic Disadvantages
  • Messy, takes time
  • Sometimes hard to make difficult decisions
  • Need an Educated Citizenry
autocratic forms of government
Autocratic forms of Government
  • Theocracy
  • Monarchy
  • Tyranny
  • Oligarchy
  • Aristocracy
democratic forms of government
Democratic forms of Government
  • Direct Democracy
  • Republic
  • Parliamentary System
  • Constitutional Monarchy
  • Total Lack of Government (State of Nature)
  • No Rules, No Leaders
  • Rule by the masses/people
  • No Leader All Decisions made by the community
  • Created in ancient Athens
  • True Democracies only work in small groups
  • Rule by People’s Representative
  • Created in Ancient Rome
    • Senator = Representative
  • Rule by Religion
  • Leader: The Priest or Main Religious Figure
  • Examples: Ancient Egypt, Modern Iran, Vatican City
  • What would be some problems with having government based on a single religion?
  • Rule by a single leader, typically claims Divine Right
  • Rule by a few individuals
  • Rule by the Wealthy
  • Outlawed Slavery
  • 4 Classes based on Wealth not Heredity
  • Only 3 Higher classes were able to hold public office
  • Fairer code of laws
  • Despite reforms Athens continued to be an autocracy
  • Reorganized Assembly
  • Allowed all citizens to submit laws for debate and passage
  • Created Council of 400
    • Advised Assembly
    • Seen as Founder of Greek Democracy
  • Led Athens in Golden Age 461-429 B.C
    • Established Direct Democracy
    • Increased number of public officials
    • Poorer citizens were able to participate
greek philosophy
Greek Philosophy
  • Greek Thinkers Assumptions
    • 1.Universe is orderly
    • 2.People can understand order of universe
  • Respect for Human Intelligence and Reason allowed Democracy to flourish
  • “The Republic”
  • Rule of Philosopher Kings
    • Democracy = Rule of the Appetites
    • Aristocracy= Rule of the Rich
  • “Politics”
  • Man is by nature political
  • Legitimate Government- common good
    • Tyranny?, Democracy?
  • Constitutional Government
roman republic
Roman Republic
  • Roman Society was made of Plebians and Patricians
  • Rome’s Republic
    • Senate
    • 2 Consuls
    • Assembly
    • Dictator
roman law
Roman Law

Twelve Tables step toward fair government

Complied into “Justinian Code”

“government of laws not men”


Hebrew’s Monotheism

-Created in God’s image, live moral lives

- “Divine Spark”

- God Given Rights, Freedom

- 10 Commandments

- Ethical vs. Legal Code


Jesus of Nazareth

- emphasized morality equality and compassion

- spread of Judeo-Christian ideas through Roman Empire

  • Renewed interest in Classical Culture
  • Humanism
  • Italian vs. Northern Renaissance
  • Spread of Ideas through Printing Press
  • Martin Luther’s 95 Theses
    • Individuality and freedom from Church
  • England’s Protestant Revolution
  • Calvinism
  • Catholic Reformation
england s medieval democratic developments
England’s Medieval Democratic Developments
  • Henry II
    • Jury System
    • Common law
  • King John
    • Magna Carta (Great Charter)
      • Contract between King and Nobles
      • Governance according to law
      • Due Process of Law
      • Consent of Governed (Parliament)
england s civil war
England’s Civil War
  • King James I and Divine Right
  • Charles I and the Petition of Right
  • 1642- Charles tries to Arrest Parliament
  • 1642-1649 English Civil War
    • Royalists/Cavaliers vs. Roundheads
    • 1649 Roundhead victory under Oliver Cromwell’s Leadership
    • 1649 Charles I Beheaded
england s glorious revolution
England’s Glorious Revolution
  • Cromwell first establishes a commonwealth
  • Cromwell tears up constitution and becomes Lord Protectorate
    • Puritan Morality
  • Restoration of the Monarchy = Charles II
    • Habeas Corpus
  • Rule of James II
  • William and Mary and the Glorious Revolution
    • Bill of Rights, Cabinet System