NATIONAL PARK SERVICE.
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On the homefront, the Union had $234,000,000 in bank deposit and coined money or specie while the Confederacy had $74,000,000 and the Border States had $29,000,000.
The population of the Union was 18.5 million. In the Confederacy, the population
was listed as 5.5 million free and 3.5 million enslaved. In the Border States there were 2.5 million free inhabitants and 500,000 enslaved people.
Nathaniel Banks, commander of the Union Department of the Gulf, surrounds the Confederate stronghold at Port Hudson, Louisiana, and attacks. Fortifications were built at Port Hudson in 1863 to protect New Orleans from a Union attack down the Mississippi River. On April 25, 1862, New Orleans had fallen into Union hands following an attack from the Gulf of Mexico by Admiral David Farragut. Still, Port Hudson was considered an important installation for the South since it was a significant threat to Federal ships on the Mississippi River.
In 1863, the Union command began to focus attention on clearing the Mississippi of all Rebels. The major thrust of this effort was taking Vicksburg, Mississippi, the Confederate stronghold to the north of Port Hudson. In April, Ulysses S. Grant summoned Nathaniel Banks to participate in the campaign against Vicksburg.
Banks wavered at first, preferring instead to wage an independent campaign against Confederates in Louisiana. But in May, he set out to take Port Hudson, then under the command of Franklin Gardner. Banks had some 30,000 troops under his command, while Gardner possessed a force of just 3,500. When Banks began to encircle Port Hudson, Gardner made some feeble attacks to drive him away.
On May 21, Gardner received orders from Joseph Johnston, operating in Mississippi, to abandon the fort. But Gardner refused, and asked for reinforcements. This was a fatal mistake, and Banks soon had Gardner surrounded. For the next three weeks, Banks attempted to capture Port Hudson but failed each time. It was not until Vicksburg surrendered on July 4 that Gardner also surrendered
The unions are the general of the civil war they fought through it all they even lead Abraham Lincoln through it when he was president. When the Civil War began in April 1861, there were only 16,000 men in the U.S. Army, and many of these were Southern officers who resigned to join the Confederate States Army. With a drastic shortage of men, President Abraham Lincoln called on the states to raise a force of 75,000 men for three months to put down the "insurrection." Though Lincolnthought the war would be brief, he was wrong, and on July 22, 1861, Congress authorized a volunteer army of 500,000 men.
Initially, the call for volunteers was easily met by abolitionists, patriotic Northerners and many immigrants, enlisting for a steady income. However, when it was apparent that it would take more than 90 days to put down the insurrectionists, the Federal Government began to offer bounties to volunteers and instituted a draft.
There were many people living in the Border States who opposed secession and supported the Union. These men were called “Unionists,” though they were often referred to by Southerners as "Homemade Yankees." Nearly 120,000 “Unionists served in the Union Army during the Civil War and every Southern state raised Unionist regiments. During the war, the Lincoln administration wrestled with the idea of authorizing the recruitment of black troops. However, by mid-1862, with the declining number of volunteers and the need for more troops, the Union Army pushed the Government into allowing African-Americans to serve. By the end of the war, about 179,000 black men served as soldiers in the By the end of the Civil War almost 200,000 black men served as soldiers in the U.S. Military. The military are the union.