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Part of Speech. Grammar and Vocabulary â…  April 15, 2011. English words are categorized into eight groups:. Noun Verb Adjective Adverb Conjunction Pronoun Preposition Interjection. Part of Speech. Noun. A word which is the name of someone or something

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part of speech

Part of Speech

Grammar and Vocabulary Ⅰ

April 15, 2011

part of speech1
English words are categorized into eight groups:

Noun

Verb

Adjective

Adverb

Conjunction

Pronoun

Preposition

Interjection

Part of Speech
slide3
Noun
  • A word which is the name of someone or something
  • “Jack”, “table”, and “discomfort” are nouns
slide4
Verb
  • A kind of word which shows what a person or thing is doing or the state it is in or what is happening to it
  • Words like “eat” and “feel” are verbs
adjective
Adjective
  • A kind of word which names a quality
  • In a sentence “This is a heavy box”, “heavy” is an adjective
adverb
Adverb
  • A word used with verb, adjective, or another adverb telling how, when, and where
  • Jane carefully (→how) washed her skirt yesterday (→when) and hung it here (→where)
conjunction
Conjunction
  • Word used for joining other words or statements
  • “Jack and Jill went up a hill”
  • We couldn’t drink the milk because it was too hot
pronoun
Pronoun
  • Word used in place of / in stead of a noun
  • Words like “I,” “you,” “she,” “me,” and “them” are pronouns
preposition
Preposition
  • Word placed before noun or pronoun to make clear its relation, especially of direction, to another word (in, to, at, etc.)
interjection
Interjection
  • Words used as cry to make feelings clear
  • “Oh, what a surprise!”
  • “Ah, that’s wonderful!”
matching quiz
Matching Quiz
  • Web-based Exercise
exercise 2 p 2
Exercise 2 (p.2)
  • What kind of part of speech are the following underlined words?
slide13
(1)

This watchis cheaper than that one.

⇒noun

(2)

Is this story so funny?

⇒ adjective

slide14
(3)

Who studies English hardest?

⇒ verb

(4)

I must tell you thatyou are wrong.

⇒ conjunction

slide15
(5)

Do your work as earnestly as possible.

⇒ adverb

(6)

The subway station is at the next corner.

⇒ preposition

slide16
(7)

“Hi, Mike. How are you?” “Oh, hi, Sue.

I’m fine, thank you.”

⇒ interjection

(8)

Let me introduce myself. My name is

Michael Smith.

⇒ pronoun

phrase
Phrase
  • A group of words not a sentence, which we can understand. In the sentence: The book is on the table. – “on the table” is a phrase.
exercise 3 pp 2 3
Exercise 3 (pp.2-3)
  • Complete the following sentences using the words in the list (p.3)
slide19
(1)

Parents must ( ) their children all the time.

⇒ take care of

(2)

We ( ) decide which way to go.

⇒ had to

slide20
(3)

You can see a large park ( ), can’t

you?

⇒ over there

(4)

People keep cats ( ).

⇒ to catch mice

slide21
(5)

( ) produce electricity.

⇒ Power stations

(6)

British and American people speak

English ( ).

⇒ rather differently

for the next class
For the next class…
  • Check what kind of suffixes the following word endings are (p.1).
in the next class
In the next class…
  • Derivation (pp.3-4)
  • Vocabulary (p.85)