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Creating Mathematicians and Scientists within Young Children. Greg Gierhart Murray State University-College of Education Dr. Nancy Lovett Regional Training Center-Calloway. Should Preschoolers Learn Mathematics? . Born with capabilities to solve simple numerical quantities
Murray State University-College of Education
Dr. Nancy Lovett
Regional Training Center-Calloway
Note: young children do not see the world as separate subjects—they try to link everything together—our brains do this.
Every person has a developmental need to experience creativity and self-expression
People skilled at play have more power, influence, and capacity to create meaningful lives-builds problem-solving, persistence, and collaboration
Play allows a conduit to new experiences, content, and meaning
Play is integral to curriculum, to allow for engaging for hands-on problem solving and inspiring projects
Through play, we learn to accept differences of opinion and how to resolve conflict
Preschoolers with social and emotional
problems will need to have those problems
addressed before they can successfully develop
their mathematical skills.
www.center.edu (math their Way)
Math, Science, and Spanish
4 year old Angela
roots, stems, leaves, and flowers
Moving toys have a source of energy
This source may be the children themselves, or may stem from springs or electricity
Wind or air is the source of energy for other toys
Vibrations cause some toys to make sounds
There are five senses-hearing, smell, taste, touch, and vision
All of the senses can be used to find out about people, places, and things
People use their senses to find out about themselves
Used together, the senses can give us more information
It is necessary to practice using our senses so they will help us learn more efficiently
Some persons are not able to use one or more of their senses
Water can be liquid or solid and move back and forth between the two
If water is turned into ice and the ice is allowed to melt, the amount of water is the same as before freezing
Water left in an open container disappears, but water in a closed container does not.
Water has weight
Water’s weight and up thrust help things float.
Water is a solvent for many materials.
Chunks of rocks come in many sizes and shapes, from boulders to grains of sand and even smaller
Rocks are composed of minerals, but the amounts of mineral will vary from rock to rock
Rocks change by wearing away
Plants and animals left prints in rocks a long time ago
When rocks wear away and are combined with other materials, they produce soil
Minerals form crystals
Katz and Helm
Introduces children to experiences of science inquiry and explorations at an earlier age
The child’s prior knowledge should be assessed before teachers provide new experiences
Teacher’s Role Outside?
Engage children actively
Model displaying what they want for children (it’s okay to hold worms, mice, etc.)---if you’ll do it—they will
Work collaboratively with children
Assess children’s attitudes, skills, and knowledge using varied strategies/methods
Question, Question, Question
DOCUMENT, DOCUMENT, DOCUMENT
Seelfeldt, C, & Galper, A (2007). Active experiences for active children: Science.Upper Saddle River: Pearson.
National Research Council. (1996). National science education standards. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Epstein, A. (2007). The intentional teacher. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.
Helm, J., & Katz, L. (2001). Young investigators:The proejct approach in the early years.New York, NY: Teachers College.