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Next-generation IT infrastructure: status and opportunities. Dave Berry Grid Computing Now! National e-Science Centre AHM 2007 11 th September 2007. Overview. What industry cares about - and what it doesn’t care about Underestimating the industrial state of the art

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next generation it infrastructure status and opportunities

Next-generation IT infrastructure: status and opportunities

Dave Berry

Grid Computing Now!

National e-Science Centre

AHM 2007 11th September 2007

overview
Overview
  • What industry cares about
    • - and what it doesn’t care about
  • Underestimating the industrial state of the art
    • - and overestimating industry’s needs
    • - some examples from Grids Mean Business
  • How GCN! can help
  • - active areas of interest
  • My focus on IT infrastructure
    • - there are, of course, other areas of e-science that have plenty to offer UK industry
what does a business really care about
“Cost of ownership”What does a business really care about?
  • Of little interest:
  • What the technology is called
  • Technology for its own sake
  • Technological purity

“Service levels”

“Time to market”

John Easton, CoreGRID

trends in it infrastructure

Grid

Computing

Utility

Computing

Trends in IT infrastructure

Grid:Applying the resources of many computers in a distributed network, in parallel, to a single problem

SaaS:Providing software capability as a consumable commodity, at commodity prices

SOA:Delivering IT functionality as reusable, interoperable, location independent services

Service

Oriented

Architecture

VirtualisedResources

Virtualisation: Providing an IT platform independent of the hardware underlying it.

Software

as a

Service

Utility:giving users all the resources they need at the time they are needed, at a cost that is related to the business value delivered

academia under estimates industry
Academia under-estimates industry
  • Multi-thousand node “grids” are relatively commonplace
  • Geographic “grids” are becoming more common
  • Ultra-‘bleeding edge’ solutions are already being implemented
    • but you won’t necessarily hear about them… except maybe rumours
  • Don’t underestimate what is achievable today
    • This is the benchmark that a new solution has to beat.

John Easton, CoreGRID

academia over estimates industry
Academia over-estimates industry
  • Multi-organisation systems are extremely rare
    • Those that do exist are usually master-slave relationships rather than peer-to-peer relationships
  • Web Services will not happen in the foreseeable future for most companies
  • Most grids are ‘inside the firewall’
    • Security is NOT an issue for these

John Easton, CoreGRID

roadmap and design
Roadmap and Design

Move to shared resource environment in a controlled manner

End State: all resources are shared with grid scheduling and policies ensuring SLA’s are met

Andrew Dolan, OGF20

OGF

virtual resource market details

Virtual

Resource

Market

Virtual Resource Market - Details

$/Unit Performance

$/Fabric

$/Virtual Unit Performance

$ for SLAs (Budget)

Match

$ for SLA to $/Virtual Unit Performance

Compute Fabrics

Compute Fabric C1

Bid for Compute Fabric

Offers of C1

Compute Fabric C2

Bid for Network Fabric

Offers of C2

Bid for Storage Fabric

Canonical Architecture A

Network Fabric N1

Network Fabrics

Offers of N1

Bid for Compute Fabric

Bids

Offers

Network Fabric N2

Bid for Network Fabric

Canonical Architecture B

Offers of N2

SLA

Storage Fabric S1

Storage Fabrics

Bid for Storage Fabric

Offers of S1

Bid for Compute Fabric

Storage Fabric S2

Bid for Network Fabric

Offers of S2

Canonical Architecture C

Canonical Application Architectures

Time Slice Bids

Time Slice Offers

Minimize $/Unit Performance Maintain SLAs

Virtualized Resources

Physical Resources

Chris Swan, OGF20

what can gcn offer e scientists
What can GCN! offer e-scientists?
  • Potential collaborators
    • Via Advisory Council, GCN! membership, personal contacts, other KTNs, etc.
  • Kick-off Meetings
    • Bringing potential collaborators together to form study groups or discuss funding proposals
  • Dissemination
    • Webinars, events, web site
  • Knowledge Transfer Networks exist to share information and bring people together
software licensing

Old World

New World

Dynamic

Shared

Virtual

Automated

Service

Static

Silo

Physical

Manual

Application

Software Licensing
slide13

Green IT

Utilisation optimisation via virtualisation

Modelling power management & cooling,

Need: 2xProcessing Capacity per annum; Target: 60% Energy Reduction* by 2050

gcn roadmapping event
GCN! Roadmapping Event
  • The Next Information Infrastructure
  • Workshop, May 30th, Intellect
  • 25 attendees representing high-tech; users; KTNs; Government
  • Excellent feedback from vast majority
  • Generating insight on potential innovations; promoters and next steps for KTN
  • Report available soon
some suggested innovations
Some suggested innovations
  • Security threat detection and response
  • New Infrastructure
    • Wrapping applications for Grid deployment
    • Energy-efficient IT
  • Smart travel
    • Traffic modelling in real time – signage control
    • Dynamic journey planning
    • Dial-a-ride public transport
  • Proactive health care
    • 24/7 monitoring
    • At-home advisory services (web 3.0)
    • Personal ‘MOT’
  • Integrative biology – driving personalised medicine
more possible gaps in near market r d
More possible gaps in near-market R&D
  • Application design for next generation infrastructures
    • Applications may have multiple instances, run anywhere
    • Migration techniques
    • Dynamic integration
  • Managing large-scale infrastructures
    • Dynamic, possibly conflicting, policies
    • Data provisioning
  • Green IT
    • Modelling of power management, cooling, etc
    • Utilisation optimisation
  • Markets, brokering, security, etc.
    • Data licensing & security
    • Micro-payments
    • SLA & QoS management
upcoming events
GCN! Technical Webinars:

Green IT Webinar

25 October 2007

Software Licensing Webinar

November 2007

What people say about our webinars:

“The event was very useful - content and speakers very good - format fine” – Oracle

“ I would recommend this webinar Distributed Systems in e-Health to a colleague.”- IBM

“Excellent” - Platform

Upcoming Events