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Empires of India Unit 2. Ms. Hunt RMS IB Middle School 2012-2013. Geography of India. Located in Southern Asia Hindu Kush Mountain Range Ganges River (East) Indus River (West) Flooding of rivers Deccan plateau Dry area Monsoons- heavy rainfall and winds. Early Societies.

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empires of india unit 2

Empires of IndiaUnit 2

Ms. Hunt

RMS IB Middle School

2012-2013

geography of india
Geography of India
  • Located in Southern Asia
  • Hindu Kush Mountain Range
  • Ganges River (East)
  • Indus River (West)
    • Flooding of rivers
  • Deccan plateau
    • Dry area
  • Monsoons- heavy rainfall and winds
early societies
Early Societies
  • Harappa and MohenjoDaro
    • Located in Indus Valley
  • Carefully planned cities
  • Economy- Agriculture
    • Used silt from annual flooding
  • Advanced plumbing system
  • Well organized government
    • Ruled by divine guidance- Theocracy
aryan civilization
Aryan Civilization
  • Society who moved into the Indus River Valley following the collapse of Harrappa and MohenjoDaro
  • Sanskrit- ancient writing language
    • Vedas (Collection of hymns and prayers)
  • Created the iron plow- allowed farmers to move into dense jungle areas
    • Used irrigation in farming
  • Families
    • Extended family all lived together
social classes
Social Classes
  • Caste system- rigid social structure, can not move between classes
  • Varnas- 4 sections of society
  • Higher the caste the greater religious purity (Based off of Hinduism)
    • Priests
    • Warriors
    • Merchants/ farmers
    • Peasants/ servants
  • *Untouchables- so impure not in the caste system, demeaning jobs
mauryan empire
Mauryan Empire

Mauryan Empire

  • Great trading empire, provinces ruled by governors
  • Bureaucratic Government
    • Hand chose rulers and officials
    • 4 provinces- 4 princes
    • Capital- Pataliputra
  • Chandragupta Maurya- founder 321 B.C.
    • Fear of assassination- food always tasted for poison, never slept in the same place 2 nights in a row, secret police
mauryan empire continued
Mauryan Empire Continued
  • Asoka- Considered greatest Indian ruler
    • Converted Empire to Buddhism- Tolerance of non-Buddhist
    • No warfare
  • Creation of road system
    • “pit stops” over all care for the people
  • Declined following Asoka’s death
    • 500 years of war and problems to follow
    • Very weak rulers
gupta empire
Gupta Empire
  • Candragupta- founder 320 A.D.
  • Placed the capital were the palace of the Mauryan empire was (Pataliputra)
  • “Empire of Luxury”- Golden Age of India
  • Use of The Silk Road in trading
    • Salt, cloth, and iron trade
  • Decline- Invaded by the Huns, 5th Century
accomplishments of the gupta
Accomplishments of the Gupta
  • Literature
    • Shakuntala
  • Astronomy- use of a calendar, developed weeks and hours
  • Architecture- stupa
    • housed relics of Buddha, domed shaped
  • Medicine
    • Catalog of diseases and more than 500 plants
  • Performing of surgery
    • Including plastic surgery
  • Mathematics- Decimal point system and the concept of 0
mughal empire
Mughal Empire
  • 1526- Mughals Invaded
    • Akbar- greatest ruler of the Muhgals (Fair and Just ruler)
    • Shah Jahan- ruler who built the Taj Mahal
      • Tomb for his wife
      • Took 22 years to build
      • Walls and floors are inlayed with precious stones

*Overthrown by his own son