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Plant Breeding CC. Todd C. Wehner Department of Horticultural Science North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27695-7609 Todd_Wehner@ncsu.edu http://cucurbitbreeding.ncsu.edu/. NC STATE UNIVERSITY. Who are we?. Plant Breeding CC Multi-state coordinating committee: SCC-080

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plant breeding cc
Plant Breeding CC

Todd C. Wehner

Department of Horticultural Science

North Carolina State University

Raleigh, NC 27695-7609

Todd_Wehner@ncsu.edu

http://cucurbitbreeding.ncsu.edu/

NC STATE UNIVERSITY

who are we
Who are we?

Plant Breeding CC

  • Multi-state coordinating committee: SCC-080
  • Based in southern region experiment stations
    • but membership is open to all
  • Formed in 2006
    • First workshop held February 2007
who are we3
Who are we?

Plant Breeding CC

  • Groups represented:
    • Land-grant universities
    • USDA-ARS
    • Seed industry
    • Non-government organizations, including organics
  • Crops represented:
    • Fruits, vegetables
    • Grains, legumes
    • Ornamentals, flowers, turfgrasses
    • Forage, fiber crops, forest trees
who are we4
Who are we?

Plant Breeding CC

  • Officers:
    • Stephen Baenziger, chair
    • Philipp Simon, vice-chair
    • Todd Wehner, secretary
  • Liaisons:
    • Ronnie Coffman, Internat. Plant Breeding Centers
    • Bill Tracy, Non-Gov. Organization Plant Breeders
    • Steve McKeand, Forestry Plant Breeders
    • Herb Ohm, Crop Science Society Amer.
    • Linda Wessel-Beaver, Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci.
    • Greg Tolla, Nat. Council Commercial Plant Breeders
who are we5
Who are we?

Plant Breeding CC

  • Representatives:
    • Mark Hussey, Administrative advisor
    • Ann Marie Thro, USDA-CSREES representative
    • Kay Simmons, USDA-ARS representative
    • Randy Johnson, US Forest Service representative
  • Subcommittees (each with chair and secretary):
    • Excellence in science and technology
    • Globally competitive agricultural system
    • Competitiveness, sustainability, and quality of life in rural America
    • A safe and secure food and fiber system
    • A healthy, well-nourished population
    • Harmony between agriculture and the environment
    • Education and training of plant breeders
why do we exist
Why do we exist?

Plant Breeding CC

  • Basic principles
    • Agriculture - the foundation of civilization
    • Plant breeding - the foundation of agriculture
  • Highlights of plant breeding:
    • Plant domestication
    • Green revolution
    • Heterosis
    • Disease resistance
    • Nutritionally-enhanced foods
why do we exist7
Why do we exist?

Plant Breeding CC

  • Private plant breeders:
    • Signficant increase in 20th century
      • due to changes in our intellectual property laws
    • Took over some crop improvement duties
  • Public plant breeders:
    • Research: new traits, methods
    • Teaching: future plant breeders
    • Breeding: develop new cultivars
      • especially: wheat, peanut, sweetpotato, grape
why do we exist8
Why do we exist?

Plant Breeding CC

The Plant Breeding Coordinating Committee will be a forum for leadership regarding issues, problems and opportunities of long-term strategic importance to the contribution of plant breeding to national goals.

http://globalplantbreeding.ncsu.edu/

why do we exist9
Why do we exist?

Plant Breeding CC

  • Plant breeding is many activities
    • Collect, evaluate germplasm (public)
    • Research new breeding methods (public)
    • Train graduate students (public)
    • Develop improved germplasm (public, private)
    • Release new cultivars (public, private)
public plant breeding survey
Public plant breeding survey

Conclusions

  • Few of 51 land grant universities still have plant breeding programs
    • One strong plant breeding university per region of the U.S.
    • 53% of plant breeding graduates are from 7 land grant universities
  • Public plant breeders remaining are poorly funded
    • Public plant breeders retiring may not be replaced
slide19

Plant Breeding Students Trained in the U.S., 1995-2000

Total DomesticInternational

Land Grant University degreesPh.D. M.S. Ph.D M.S.

All universities 743 151 202 243 147

Univ. Wisconsin-Madison 72 22 18 16 16

North Carolina State Univ. 64 7 21 26 10

Univ. Nebraska-Lincoln 61 5 10 27 19

Cornell Univ. 54 18 5 27 4

Univ. Minnesota 48 16 11 13 8

Iowa State Univ. 44 13 13 12 6

Texas A&M Univ. 41 9 10 18 4

Michigan State Univ. 36 10 12 8 6

North Dakota State Univ. 33 3 13 11 6

Oregon State Univ. 28 4 5 16 3

Wehner and Guner, 2002 (plantbreeding.ncsu.edu)

slide20

Plant Breeding Students Trained in U.S., 1995-2000 (per year)

Total DomesticInternational

Land Grant University degreesPh.D. M.S. Ph.D M.S.

All universities 124 25 34 40 24

Univ. Wisconsin-Madison 12 4 3 3 3

North Carolina State Univ. 11 1 4 4 2

Univ. Nebraska-Lincoln 10 1 2 5 3

Cornell Univ. 9 3 1 5 1

Univ. Minnesota 8 3 2 2 1

Iowa State Univ. 7 2 2 2 1

Texas A&M Univ. 7 1 2 3 1

Michigan State Univ. 6 2 2 1 1

North Dakota State Univ. 5 1 2 2 1

Oregon State Univ. 5 1 1 3 1

Wehner and Guner, 2002 (plantbreeding.ncsu.edu)

problem
Problem

Plant Breeding CC

  • Public breeders needed
    • Private breeders do not do research
    • Private breeders do not educate students
      • U.S. needs 200 PB students/year
      • U.S. trains 120 PB students/year
    • Private breeders do not work on all crops
      • Thanksgiving dinner will not exist!
      • Rolls, sweetpotato, wine
what are we doing
What are we doing?

Plant Breeding CC

  • Promoting communication among breeders
    • Different sectors: federal, state, private, non-profit
    • Different crops: agronomy, horticulture, forestry
  • Assembling information on plant breeding
  • Developing support for plant breeding
  • Identifying research, education priorities
what are we doing23
What are we doing?

Plant Breeding CC

  • Organizing plant breeders in the U.S.
  • Bringing awareness of problem to the public
  • Federal support needed:
    • national-needs fellowships in plant breeding
    • competitive grants for plant breeding
      • more years per grant
    • support for centers of excellence in breeding
    • Hatch funds for experiment station support
plant breeding cc24
Plant Breeding CC

More information

  • See web page at:
    • globalplantbreeding.ncsu.edu
  • Or, find in Google by entering:
    • plant breeding coordinating committee
  • Or, contact one of the officers
plant breeding cc26
Plant Breeding CC

Thank you

  • Questions?