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11 THEMES OF AP BIOLOGY. “ Hooks” to hang info upon. 11 THEMES OF AP BIOLOGY ( hooks to hang info upon) S cientific I nquiry. 11 THEMES OF AP BIOLOGY ( hooks to hang info upon) 2) E volution. 11 THEMES OF AP BIOLOGY ( hooks to hang info upon) 3) E nergy T ransfer.

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slide1

11THEMESOFAPBIOLOGY

“Hooks” to hang info upon

slide2

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

Scientific

Inquiry

slide4

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

2)Evolution

slide6

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

3) Energy Transfer

slide9

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

4) Unityand Diversity

slide11

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

5) Relationshipof Structureto Function

slide13

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

6) Regulation

slide15

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

7) Interactionw/the Environment

slide17

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

8) Science, Technology, & Society

slide19

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

9) The Cell

slide22

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

10) Heritable Information

slide24

11THEMESOF

APBIOLOGY

(hooks to hang info upon)

11) Emergent Properties

slide28

HierarchyofOrganization

atom--> molecule-->

slide29

HierarchyofOrganization

atom--> molecule--> organelle -->

slide30

HierarchyofOrganization

atom--> molecule--> organelle --> cell-->

slide31

HierarchyofOrganization

atom--> molecule--> organelle --> cell--> tissue-->

slide32

HierarchyofOrganization

atom--> molecule--> organelle --> cell--> tissue--> organ--> system-->

slide33

HierarchyofOrganization

atom--> molecule--> organelle --> cell--> tissue--> organ--> system--> organism-->

slide34

HierarchyofOrganization

atom--> molecule--> organelle --> cell--> tissue--> organ--> system--> organism--> population-->

slide35

HierarchyofOrganization

atom--> molecule--> organelle --> cell--> tissue--> organ--> system--> organism--> population--> Community-->

slide36

HierarchyofOrganization

atom--> molecule--> organelle --> cell--> tissue--> organ--> system--> organism--> population--> Community--> ECOSYSTEM ->BIOSPHERE

slide37

HierarchyofOrganization

emergentproperties

slide41

Eachstepup, novelpropertiesemergethatwerenotpresentatthesimplerlevelbelow.

emergentproperties

slide43

Basic Unit of Life:

CELLS)

History of cell discovery -

Prokaryotic - characteristics:

found in:

Eukaryotic - characteristics:

found in.

slide44

Basic Unit of Life:

CELLS (overhead)

History of cell discovery -pg.4&6

Prokaryotic - characteristics:

found in:

Eukaryotic - characteristics:

found in.

slide45

Characteristics of Life:

Order-

Reproduction Capabilities-

slide46

Characteristics of Life:

Order-

Ability to Reproduce-

Growth & Development-

slide47

Continuity for ALL life = DNA

  • 4 nucleotides-
      • gene-
  • same genetic code
  • different sequences = differences among organisms
slide48

Characteristics of Life:

Order-

Ability to Reproduce-

Growth & Development (DNA)-

Energy Processing-

slide49

Characteristics of Life:

Order-

Ability to Reproduce-

Growth & Development (DNA)-

Energy Utilization-

Response to Environment-

slide50

Characteristics of Life:

Order-

Ability to Reproduce-

Growth & Development (DNA)-

Energy Utilization-

Response to Environment-

Evolutionary Adaptation-

slide51

Characteristics of Life:

Order-

Ability to Reproduce-

Growth & Development (DNA)-

Energy Utilization-

Response to Environment-

Evolutionary Adaptation-

Regulation-

slide53

Regulatory Mechanisms

Negative feedback- accumulation of product inhibits an enzyme in the production sequence of product

slide54

Regulatory Mechanisms

Positive feedback- accumulation of product enhances an enzyme increasing production of product.

slide55

Regulatory Mechanisms

Platletesaggregate @ cut, chemicals released by platletes attract MORE platletes

slide57

EVOLUTION IS THE CORE THEME

    • Species change over time
slide58

EVOLUTION IS THE CORE THEME

    • Species change over time
    • Populations have potential to produce more offspring than can be supported.
slide59

EVOLUTION IS THE CORE THEME

    • Species change over time
    • Populations have potential to produce more offspring than can be supported.
    • Natural selection
slide60

EVOLUTION IS THE CORE THEME

  • Similar species share a common ancestor on phylogenic tree
  • All life connected and traced back to prokaryotes
slide61

EVOLUTION, UNITY, DIVERSITY

Diversity of all life -

Taxonomy-

Unity of all life-

cell structure, DNA,

metabolic pathways

slide62

Scientific Processes

1. Asking a question

John Endler Univ of Cal - why is there a significant difference in populations of guppies regarding average age and size @ sexual maturity?

slide63

Scientific Processes

2. Hypothesis -

testable, tentative explanation for what we observe.

Could it be the predator which preys predominately on the population?

slide64

Scientific Processes

3. Prediction - if/then (If the hypothesis is true, then the results of the experiment will be…)

IF, guppies from Pike-Cichlid pools are introduced to new pools th,at contain only killifishTHEN, the average age and size at maturity will be heavierand older than nontransplanted individuals

slide65

Scientific Processes

4. Testing the validity of the hypothesis

Control Group - the group not moved

Experimental Group - the group that was moved to the pool with only killifish, and no guppies