Introduction to the criminal trial
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Introduction to the Criminal Trial. The 10 Parts of a Criminal Trial. 1) Jury Selection 2) Opening STATEMENTS 3) Presentation of the Prosecution Case 4) Presentation of the Defense Case 5) Closing ARGUMENT 6) Jury Instructions 7) Jury Deliberation

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The 10 parts of a criminal trial
The 10 Parts of a Criminal Trial

  • 1) Jury Selection

  • 2) Opening STATEMENTS

  • 3) Presentation of the Prosecution Case

  • 4) Presentation of the Defense Case

  • 5) Closing ARGUMENT

  • 6) Jury Instructions

  • 7) Jury Deliberation

  • 8) Verdict on Guilt

  • 9) (if Defendant found guilty) Sentencing Phase

  • 10) Judgment and Sentence


1 jury selection
1) Jury Selection

  • Find out about the jury

  • Challenges for cause

  • Peremptory challenges

  • Trying to find jurors to dismiss


2 opening statements
2) Opening Statements

  • Prosecution goes first

  • Then Defense


3 presentation of prosecution case
3) Presentation of Prosecution Case

  • Evidence is presented through witness testimony and documents

  • PROSECUTION’S direct examination

  • DEFENSE’S cross-examination


4 presentation of defense case
4) Presentation of Defense Case

  • The Defendant has a right NOT to put on a case!

  • DEFENSE’S direct examination

  • PROSECUTION’S cross-examination


5 closing argument
5) Closing Argument

  • NOT like opening statements

  • ARGUES the facts that came out during the case

  • Prosecution goes first

  • Defense goes second

  • Prosecution has an opportunity for “rebuttal”


6 jury instructions
6) Jury Instructions

  • Prosecution and Defense propose instructions for the jury

  • Judge reads the instructions to the jury

  • The jury instructions guide the next part…


7 jury deliberations
7) Jury Deliberations

  • Deliberations are guided by the jury instructions


8 verdict on guilt
8) Verdict on Guilt

  • Guilty = JURY MUST BE UNANIMOUS

  • Not Guilty = JURY MUST BE UNANIMOUS

  • “Hung Jury” = non-unanimous


9 sentencing phase
9) Sentencing Phase

  • Both sides present evidence

  • Prosecution presents evidence about why the Defendant should receive a certain sentence

  • Defense presents evidence about why s/he should receive a lesser sentence

  • Defendant can take the stand but s/he’s not under oath


10 judgment and sentence
10) Judgment and Sentence

  • Judgment of guilty

  • The sentence…